“Many are the plans in a person’s heart, but it is the Lord’s purpose that prevails.”
Explanation and Commentary of Proverbs 19:21
God is sovereign and rules the universe, which he created for his own good purposes and his own glory. He has made man in his image and delegated authority to him to rule the earth and subdue it in the name of the Lord (Gen 1:26-28). If the world had not fallen when the first man rebelled, then “the plans in a person’s heart,” and the purposes of the Lord would be in perfect alignment.
But the world is fallen, and even Christians have the treasure of the Holy Spirit and a regenerated heart housed in a “jars of clay” (2 Cor 4:7), the flesh. Because of this, even Christians must submit their plans to God and trust him for direction. James 4:13-14 says, “Now listen, you who say, ‘Today or tomorrow we will go to this or that city, spend a year there, carry on business and make money.’ Why, you do not even know what will happen tomorrow…” James goes on to say that we should say, “If it is the Lord’s will, we will live and do this or that” (15).
It is not wrong to plan, but to be open to God correcting your course is the way to go about it. While it is right to make plans as one who has been empowered for decision-making, we must remember that God is ultimately in charge and may change our course whenever he sees fit. In this way, we can live a wonderful life of working hard and doing the right things as we see what those things are, but then trusting him for all the outcomes.
Breaking Down the Key Parts of Proverbs 19:21
#1 “Many are the plans in a person’s heart,”
People make plans for various reasons and with all kinds of motives. Try as we might to hear the voice of God for the present and even the future, sometimes our egos, lusts, or pride can cause us to start a course for a destination God is not leading us to. As fallen humans in a world ruled by satan, we are motivated by evil much of the time. Pride, envy, greed, lust, and the pursuit of all sorts of idols makes the world go round in the dominion of darkness.
#2 “but it is the Lord’s purpose that prevails.”
How good it is that even though the most mature Christians can follow false plans, God will ultimately get his way. This should be a great source of comfort to anyone who ultimately wants to see God have his way in their life. Even when the heart bears a deceptive false motive, the Holy Spirit in the Christian will long to see the person obey God. If you have plans, good, but always hold them out to God with an open hand.
Expert Overview of Proverbs
Biblical Translations of Proverbs 19:21
Many are the plans in a person’s heart, but it is the Lord’s purpose that prevails.
You can make many plans, but the Lord’s purpose will prevail.
Many are the plans in the mind of a man, but it is the purpose of the Lord that will stand.
There are many devices in a man’s heart; nevertheless the counsel of the Lord, that shall stand.
There are many plans in a man’s heart, Nevertheless the Lord’s counsel—that will stand.
Natalie Regoli is a child of God, devoted wife, and mother of two boys. She has a Master's Degree in Law from The University of Texas. Natalie has been published in several national journals and has been practicing law for 18 years.
La Biblia de las Américas
El testigo falso no quedará sin castigo, y el que cuenta mentiras perecerá.
Nueva Biblia Latinoamericana
El testigo falso no quedará sin castigo, Y el que cuenta mentiras perecerá.
Reina Valera Gómez
El testigo falso no quedará sin castigo; y el que habla mentiras, perecerá.
Reina Valera 1909
El testigo falso no quedará sin castigo; Y el que habla mentiras, perecerá.
Biblia Jubileo 2000
El testigo falso no quedará sin castigo; y el que habla mentiras, perecerá.
Sagradas Escrituras 1569
El testigo falso no quedará sin castigo; y el que habla mentiras, perecerá.
King James Bible
A false witness shall not be unpunished, and he that speaketh lies shall perish.
English Revised Version
A false witness shall not be unpunished; and he that uttereth lies shall perish.
Tesoro de la Escritura
El testigo falso no quedará sin castigo, y el que cuenta mentiras no escapará.
El anciano y venerable es la cabeza, y el profeta que enseña la mentira, es la cola.…
He oído lo que dicen los profetas que profetizan mentira en mi nombre, diciendo: ``¡He tenido un sueño, he tenido un sueño!…
Y el profeta Jeremías dijo al profeta Hananías: Escucha ahora, Hananías, el SEÑOR no te ha enviado, y tú has hecho que este pueblo confíe en una mentira.…
Envía un mensaje a todos los desterrados, diciendo: ``Así dice el SEÑOR acerca de Semaías el nehelamita: `Por cuanto Semaías os ha profetizado sin que yo lo haya enviado, y os ha hecho confiar en una mentira',…
Porque habéis entristecido el corazón del justo con falsedad, cuando yo no lo he entristecido, y habéis fortalecido las manos del impío para que no se aparte de su mal camino a fin de preservar su vida,
2 Tesalonicenses 2:8-10
Y entonces será revelado ese inicuo, a quien el Señor matará con el espíritu de su boca, y destruirá con el resplandor de su venida;…
1 Timoteo 4:1,2
Pero el Espíritu dice claramente que en los últimos tiempos algunos apostatarán de la fe, prestando atención a espíritus engañadores y a doctrinas de demonios,…
2 Pedro 2:1-3
Pero se levantaron falsos profetas entre el pueblo, así como habrá también falsos maestros entre vosotros, los cuales encubiertamente introducirán herejías destructoras, negando incluso al Señor que los compró, trayendo sobre sí una destrucción repentina.…
Y la bestia fue apresada, y con ella el falso profeta que hacía señales en su presencia, con las cuales engañaba a los que habían recibido la marca de la bestia y a los que adoraban su imagen; los dos fueron arrojados vivos al lago de fuego que arde con azufre.
Pero los cobardes, incrédulos, abominables, asesinos, inmorales, hechiceros, idólatras y todos los mentirosos tendrán su herencia en el lago que arde con fuego y azufre, que es la muerte segunda.
Afuera están los perros, los hechiceros, los inmorales, los asesinos, los idólatras y todo el que ama y practica la mentira.
EnlacesProverbios 19:9 Interlineal• Proverbios 19:9 Plurilingüe• Proverbios 19:9 Español• Proverbes 19:9 Francés• Sprueche 19:9 Alemán• Proverbios 19:9 Chino• Proverbs 19:9 Inglés• Bible Apps• Bible Hub
Las citas Bíblicas son tomadas de La Biblia de las Américas © 1986, 1995, 1997 by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, Calif, //www.lockman.org. Usadas con permiso.
Las citas bíblicas son tomadas Nueva Biblia de los Hispanos © 2005 by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, Calif, //www.lockman.org. Usadas con permiso.
Reina Valera Gómez (© 2010)
Proverbs 19 – Fools and Family Life
Better is the poor who walks in his integrity
Than one who is perverse in his lips, and is a fool.
a. Better is the poor who walks in his integrity: Previous proverbs have been critical of the poor, but here Solomon recognized that not all poverty is caused by moral failure or weakness. There are definitely poor people who walk in their integrity.
i. “Often men put under their feet those whom God carries in his heart. Man honors the perverse for their riches and despises the poor because of their poverty.” (Bridges)
b. Than one who is perverse in his lips, and is a fool: The Book of Proverbs is honest about the disadvantages of poverty. Yet it also recognizes that being pooris in no way the worst thing a person can be. It is far worse to be a fool who speaks twisted, perverse things.
i. “Once again a proverb correlates poverty with piety and wealth with impiety. The poor may be miserable for the moment, but the unethical rich are miserable for eternity. Thus the proverb teaches the pilgrim to walk by faith, not by sight.” (Waltke)
Also it is not good for a soul to be without knowledge,
And he sins who hastens with his feet.
a. It is not good for a soul to be without knowledge: When a person (a soul) has no wisdom (is without knowledge), it is never good. It may be common, but it is not good.
b. And he who sins hastens with his feet: Solomon listed a second thing that was not good – the one who rushes toward sin (hastens with his feet). On this side of eternity, we will also struggle with sin, but we don’t have to run towards it. We should be those who battle against sin, not run towards it.
The foolishness of a man twists his way,
And his heart frets against the Lord.
a. The foolishness of a man twists his way: it is true that a fool is foolish because they are twisted, crooked. Yet it also true that the foolish man finds his way more and more twisted. Foolishness leads to more twistedness.
b. His heart frets against the Lord: God intended us to be at peace with Him, but because of rebellion (both inherited and chosen), we are in many ways against the Lord. The foolish man or woman has no peace in God; their heart frets against the Lord. They are angry and perhaps bitter against God for their twisted way.
i. “Fools will try to blame God when they ruin their lives…The fool is not willing to accept failure as his own. Of course, to blame God is also folly.” (Ross)
ii. “Such is the pride and blasphemy of a proud spirit. The criminal blames the judge for his righteous sentence.” (Bridges)
Wealth makes many friends,
But the poor is separated from his friend.
a. Wealth makes many friends: When a person is wealthy, it draws many people to them in friendship. Yet these friendships may not be sincere or meaningful.
i. “Although a crowd, each one forms the friendship out of what he can gain, not for what he can give. The proverb anticipates the Lord’s teaching to use of money to win friends and an eternal reward in the kingdom of God (Luke 18:1-9).” (Waltke)
b. The poor is separated from his friend: The wealthy man has advantages and draws many friends, but the poor man does not have these advantages. Their would-be friends find it easy to separate from them.
A false witness will not go unpunished,
And he who speaks lies will not escape.
a. A false witness will not go unpunished: The first idea in this proverb is probably that of the law court, and in the court, it is essential that the false witness be punished. Justice depends upon it. This principle extends beyond the court of law into our daily life. God loves the truth and wants us to speak the truth.
b. He who speaks lies will not escape: Among men, sometimes the falsewitness and liars escape the discovery and penalty of their sin. With God, he who speaks lies will not escape. Jesus said our every word would be held to account (Matthew 12:36).
i. “This is a statement made in faith, for perjurers may escape human justice. Even the stern law of Deuteronomy 19:18-21 availed nothing for Naboth—or for Jesus.” (Kidner)
Many entreat the favor of the nobility,
And every man is a friend to one who gives gifts.
a. Many entreat the favor of the nobility: When someone is of high status and importance (of the nobility), many people want their favor. There are advantages in having the favor of influential people.
b. Every man is a friend to the one who gives gifts: Many people who offer friendship do so out of selfish motives. They want the benefit of the favor of the nobility and the gifts that others may offer.
All the brothers of the poor hate him;
How much more do his friends go far from him!
He may pursue them with words, yet they abandon him.
a. All the brothers of the poor hate him: To be poor is often to be rejected by men, even by brothers and friends. What a contrast to Jesus, who Himself became poor (2 Corinthians 8:9) to draw near to us in our poverty and need.
b. He may pursue them with words, yet they abandon him: By nature, people run from the poor person, even when he tries to persuade and pursue them with words. In contrast, God pursues the poor and needy.
He who gets wisdom loves his own soul;
He who keeps understanding will find good.
a. He who gets wisdom loves his own soul: The possession and pursuit of wisdom is so good and helpful to us that we can and should get wisdom simply out of self-interest. In so doing we love our own soul, our own life.
i. Loves his own soul:“Or loveth himself, because he procures great good to his soul, or to himself, as it follows; as sinners, on the contrary, are said to hate their souls, Proverbs 29:24, because they bring mischief upon them.” (Poole)
b. He who keeps understanding will find good: Wisdom isn’t just something to get; it is also something to keep. We find good when we keepunderstanding.
A false witness will not go unpunished,
And he who speaks lies shall perish.
a. A false witness will not go unpunished: The words and sense of this proverb were previously presented in Proverbs 19:5. The repetition reminds us that this is an important principle. In the law court and in daily life, God wants us to be people of the truth and so He promised that a false witness will not go unpunished.
b. He who speaks lies shall perish: This speaks to the certainty of God’s justice towards those who lie. Revelation 21:8 warns that liars are among those who will have their part in the lake which burns with fire and brimstone, which is the second death.
Luxury is not fitting for a fool,
Much less for a servant to rule over princes.
a. Luxury is not fitting for a fool: The sense is that there are some wisdom-rejecting fools who enjoy luxury, but it doesn’t seem right. It isn’t fitting for a fool to live in luxury.
b. Much less for a servant to rule over princes: Solomon spoke according to the wisdom of the natural man, which places great trust in nobility and family lineage. This is one of the proverbs that the gospel and the new covenant turn on its head, where those who would be great should be as servants and not as princes (Matthew 20:26 and 23:11).
i. “The slave, who is incompetent both by disposition and training, will be drunk from the feeling of power and his rulership will develop into unbearable despotism. The consequences for the community are only incompetence, mismanagement, abuse of power, corruption, injustice; in brief, social chaos (cf. Ecclesiastes 10:5-7).” (Waltke)
ii. “The slave has the same rational power as his sovereign. But lesser habits of mind make him unfit to rule. There are, however, exceptions to this, as in the case of Joseph.” (Bridges)
The discretion of a man makes him slow to anger,
And his glory is to overlook a transgression.
a. The discretion of a man makes him slow to anger: It isn’t necessarily weakness or lack of courage that makes a man slow to anger. It may be wisdom, here described as discretion.
b. His glory is to overlook a transgression: A wise man or woman knows that they have been forgiven much, and this shapes how they deal with others. They don’t act as if they must hold everyone accountable for every transgression but know when to overlook a transgression.
i. “The virtue which is indicated here is more than a forgiving temper; it includes also the ability to shrug off insults and the absence of a brooding hypersensitivity.” (McKane, cited in Ross)
ii. “The manlier any man is, the milder and readier to pass by an offence. This shows that he hath much of God in him (if he do it from a right principle), who bears with our evil manners, and forgives our trespasses, beseeching us to be reconciled.” (Trapp)
The king’s wrath is like the roaring of a lion,
But his favor is like dew on the grass.
a. The king’s wrath is like the roaring of a lion: The roar of a lionis terrifying in itself, even without the understanding that destruction will swiftly follow. The same is true for the wrath of a king or any other influential person. It is much truer regarding the wrath of God or the wrath of the Lion of the Tribe of Judah (Revelation 5:5).
i. “Hebrew, Of a young lion, which, being in his prime, roars more terribly; sets up his roar with such a force that he amazeth the other creatures whom he hunteth, so that, though far swifter of foot than the lion, they have no power to fly from him.” (Trapp)
ii. “There is nothing more dreadful than the roaring of this tyrant of the forest. At the sound of it all other animals tremble, flee away, and hide themselves. The king who is above law, and rules without law, and whose will is his own law, is like the lion.” (Clarke)
b. His favor is like the dew on the grass: This means the king’s favor is refreshing and life-giving; it also means that it is fleeting, as the dew on the grass. The favor of God is certainly refreshing and life-giving, but it is not fleeting, as if God were an impossible-to-please tyrant.
i. “Dew, which in the climatic conditions of Palestine was essential to the survival of vegetation in the hot, dry summer, is a gift from God.” (Waltke)
ii. “This proverb would advise the king’s subjects to use tact and the king to cultivate kindness.” (Ross)
A foolish son is the ruin of his father,
And the contentions of a wife are a continual dripping.
a. A foolish son is the ruin of his father: It is grieving to any parent to have a foolish son or daughter. This may run from grief to ruinas the grief destroys the father’s health and life, or as the father ruins himself to rescue the foolish son.
b. The contentions of a wife are a continual dripping: This proverb of sympathy for a man’s problems as a father now looks at a man’s potential problem as a husband. A wife who often contends (fights, argues) with her husband is like a continual dripping in at least three ways.
· It is an always-present annoyance and trouble.
· It wastes and destroys, eroding good and valuable things.
· It points to some underlying, more basic problem.
i. “The man who has got such a wife is like a tenant who has got a cottage with a bad roof, through every part of which the rain either drops or pours. He can neither sit, stand, work, nor sleep, without being exposed to these droppings. God help the man who is in such a case, with house or wife!” (Clarke)
ii. “Like as a man that hath met with hard usage abroad thinks to mend himself at home, but is no sooner sat down there but the rain, dropping through the roof upon his head, drives him out of doors again. Such is the case of him that hath a contentious wife – a far greater cross than that of ungracious children, which yet are the father’s calamities and heart breaks.” (Trapp)
iii. “Delitzsch passes on an Arab proverb told him…‘Three things make a house intolerable: tak (the leaking through of rain), nak (a wife’s nagging) and bak (bugs).’” (Kidner)
Houses and riches are an inheritance from fathers,
But a prudent wife is from the Lord.
a. Houses and riches are an inheritance from fathers: There are good things a man may receive as an inheritance, including material things such as housesand riches. A man is blessed to have such things.
b. A prudent wife is from the Lord: A gift beyond the inheritance one may receive from fathers is this gift from God – a prudent wife. A wife of wisdom, self-control, and appropriate living is a greater gift than houses and riches. A wife who is notprudent may waste whatever wealth a man has. Every man with a prudent, wise wife should give thanks to the Lord.
i. From the Lord: “Nature makes a woman, election a wife; but to be prudent, wise, and virtuous is of the Lord. A good wife was one of the first real and royal gifts bestowed on Adam.” (Trapp)
ii. “Thus the proverb instructs the disciple to look to God (Proverbs 15:8, 29; 16:3; cf. Genesis 24:14) and find his favor through wisdom to obtain from him a competent wife (Proverbs 8:35; 18:22)…. As a result, when a man has a competent wife, he praises God, not himself.” (Waltke)
iii. “The verse does not answer questions about unhappy marriages or bad wives; rather, it simply affirms that when a marriage turns out well, one should credit God.” (Ross)
Laziness casts one into a deep sleep,
And an idle person will suffer hunger.
a. Laziness casts one into a deep sleep: There are many problems with laziness, and one of them is that it leads to more laziness, sending the lazy man into a deep sleep. There is no work to be done from a deep sleep.
i. “Laziness plunges him into a state of being so deep in sleep that he is totally unconscious of his situation. Unaware of his tragic situation and unable to arouse himself, the sluggard neglects his source of income and so hungers. His fate is similar to that of drunkards and the gluttons (Proverbs 23:21).” (Waltke)
b. An idle person will suffer hunger: There is a great price to be paid from laziness, one of those prices is the hunger one suffers as one’s needs are not met through hard work. The lazy man or woman puts themselves in a trap of sleep and hunger.
He who keeps the commandment keeps his soul,
But he who is careless of his ways will die.
a. He who keeps the commandment keeps his soul: Obedience to the word and commandment of God is of real, practical benefit. Obedience guards and keeps the life, the soul of the wise man or woman who lives according to God’s word.
b. He who is careless of his ways will die: To abandon wisdom and live careless in our ways is to invite death. God gave His commandment to give us life and to keep us from death.
He who has pity on the poor lends to the Lord,
And He will pay back what he has given.
a. He who has pity on the poor lends to the Lord: When we give to the poor (expressing our love and pity towards them), we aren’t wasting our money. It is like lending money to the Lord Himself.
i. “Their just and gracious Creator takes it upon himself to assume their indebtedness and so he will repay the lender in full.” (Waltke)
b. He will pay back what he has given: God will never be in debt to any man. He will never be in a position where He owes anything as a matter of debt. Therefore, to lend to the Lord is to ensure blessing in return. God will certainly pay back what we give in compassion to the poor. God promises that we will never be the loser for generous and compassionate giving.
i. “God will never be in your debt. He is exact and punctilious in His repayment. No man ever dared to do His bidding in respect to any case of need, and found himself the poorer…. Was not Ruth’s love to Naomi well compensated?” (Meyer)
ii. “O what a word is this! God makes himself debtor for every thing that is given to the poor! Who would not advance much upon such credit? God will pay it again. And in no case has he ever forfeited his word.” (Clarke)
iii. “This promise of reward does not necessarily signify that he will get his money back; the rewards in Proverbs involve life and prosperity in general.” (Ross)
Chasten your son while there is hope,
And do not set your heart on his destruction.
a. Chasten your son while there is hope: There is not an endless window of opportunity to chasten and wisely discipline our children. Age and circumstances limit the opportunity for effective training, so it must be done while there is hope. There may come the time when you wish you had done much more to chasten your son or daughter.
i. “It is far better that the child should cry under healthy correction than that parents should later cry under the bitter fruit to themselves and their children of neglected discipline.” (Bridges)
b. Do not set your heart on his destruction: To fail to chasten your son in the opportune season is to actually work for his destruction. Many parents bring much destruction to their children through neglect, not outright abuse.
i. “Psychologically healthy parents do not consciously desire to kill their children. But if they do not employ the God-given means of verbal reproof to prevent acts of folly and corporal punishment to prevent their repetition, they are in fact unwittingly party to the worst punishment, his death.” (Waltke)
A man of great wrath will suffer punishment;
For if you rescue him, you will have to do it again.
a. A man of great wrath will suffer punishment: Out of control anger brings many problems and costs. Among the fruit of the spirit is self-control (Galatians 5:23), and wisdom does not lead a person to be of great wrath.
i. “He punishes himself. Wounded pride and resentment leave the wretched criminal brooding in his room. He suffers an intolerable burden of self-inflicted punishment.” (Bridges)
b. For if you rescue him, you will have to do it again: The person who can’t control their anger will run into trouble again and again. To rescue them once isn’t enough, because the problem is more in them than in the circumstances that they blame for their anger. It is better for them to face the consequences of their action and hope they learn something from it.
i. “An ungovernable temper will repeatedly land its owner in fresh trouble.” (Kidner)
Listen to counsel and receive instruction,
That you may be wise in your latter days.
a. Listen to counsel and receive instruction: One of the first marks of wisdom is the readiness to receive more wisdom. A teachable person, one who will listen to counsel and receive instruction, has already made much progress on the path of wisdom.
b. That you may be wise in your latter days: The bad effects of the foolish rejection of wisdom may not be seen for many years. Yet in the latter days of a man or woman’s life, it will be clear whether or not they learned wisdom’s lessons and if they did listen to counsel. If you want to be wise later in life, start now.
There are many plans in a man’s heart,
Nevertheless the Lord’s counsel—that will stand.
a. There are many plans in a man’s heart: It is in the nature of men (and women) to plan and prepare for the future. Some of the plans may be wise and some may be foolish, but there are many plans in a man’s heart.
b. Nevertheless, the Lord’s counsel – that will stand: Man makes his plans, and he should. Yet every plan should be made with an appreciation of God’s overall wisdom, work, and will.
i. James would later explain this principle this way: Come now, you who say, “Today or tomorrow we will go to such and such a city, spend a year there, buy and sell, and make a profit”; whereas you do not know what will happen tomorrow. For what is your life? It is even a vapor that appears for a little time and then vanishes away. Instead you ought to say, “If the Lord wills, we shall live and do this or that.” (James 4:13-15)
ii. “This is a perfectly self evident assertion, but, as such, important as to warrant a pause in reading it. The one thing in the heart that may be depended upon is the counsel or guidance of Jehovah.” (Morgan)
What is desired in a man is kindness,
And a poor man is better than a liar.
a. What is desired in a man is kindness: It is not that kindness is the highest or only virtue for the people of God. Yet, in many ways, it is the one most desired by others, especially in a modern world.
b. A poor man is better than a liar: This proverb shows that kindness, though valuable, is not the only virtue. To be a man or woman of truth – to not be a liar – is also of great value. This proverb reminds us that though we should pursue and value kindness, we should not treat it as the only valued virtue among God’s people.
The fear of the Lord leads to life,
And he who has it will abide in satisfaction;
He will not be visited with evil.
a. The fear of the Lord leads to life: Since the fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom, it wonderfully leads to life. If we want life, we should begin with this honor, reverent awe and submission to God.
b. He who has it will abide in satisfaction: When we have, and walk in, the fear of the Lord, it leads to a life of satisfaction. The world, the flesh, and the devil want to convince us that a life founded on fear of the Lord leads to misery, but the opposite is true. It brings satisfaction and keeps us from a future of evil.
i. Will not be visited with evil: “When one lives a life of piety, the Lord provides a quality of life that cannot be disrupted by such evil.” (Ross)
A lazy man buries his hand in the bowl,
And will not so much as bring it to his mouth again.
a. A lazy man buries his hand in the bowl: Solomon pictured a lazy man sitting at his food, with his hand buried in his bowl of food.
i. “This humorous portrayal is certainly an exaggeration. It probably was meant more widely for anyone who starts a project but lacks the energy to complete it.” (Ross)
ii. In the bowl: “The same word in 2 Kings 21:13 leaves no doubt of its meaning. The scene is thus a meal, and the example comically extreme.” (Kidner)
b. And will not so much as bring it to his mouth again: In this humorous, exaggerated picture, the lazy man has so little energy and initiative that he won’t even bring his hand from the bowl to his mouth. This exaggerated picture establishes a principle made elsewhere in proverbs: the lazy man will go hungry.
i. Will not so much as bring it to his mouth again: “To wit, to feed himself; he expects that the meat should drop into his mouth.” (Poole)
ii. “Is it possible to find anywhere a more graphic or sarcastic description of absolute laziness?” (Morgan)
Strike a scoffer, and the simple will become wary;
Rebuke one who has understanding, and he will discern knowledge.
a. Strike a scoffer, and the simple will become wary: When a determined fool and opponent of wisdom (a scoffer) is punished, others will learn. The more innocent fool (the simple) may learn from this.
i. “Smite him never so much, there is no beating any wit into him. Pharaoh was not a button the better for all that he suffered; but Jethro, taking notice of God’s heavy hand upon Pharaoh, and likewise upon the Amalekites, was thereby converted, and became a proselyte, as Rabbi Solomon noteth upon this text.” (Trapp)
b. Rebuke one who has understanding: The rebuke of the scoffer seems to do the scoffer no good, though it may benefit the simple. Yet when someone who values wisdom (one who has understanding) is corrected, he learns. He grows in his ability to discern knowledge.
i. “Here are three varieties of mind: closed [scoffer]…empty (the simple—he must be startled into attention), and open [understanding] (…he accepts even a painful truth).” (Kidner)
He who mistreats his father and chases away his mother
Is a son who causes shame and brings reproach.
a. He who mistreats his father and chases away his mother: The Bible commands honor your father and your mother (Exodus 20:12). This proverb considers the person who does the opposite of Exodus 20:12.
i. “When the father and his household lies in ruin, the mother (see Proverbs 1:8) is left in a tragic situation without the provision and protection and of her husband. By ruining his father, the imbecile (cf. Proverbs 17:2) leaves his mother as good as a defenseless widow.” (Waltke)
b. Is a son who causes shame and brings reproach: One cannot disobey God and the standards of human society without paying a price. One price to be paid from the mistreatment of parents is to bring shame and reproach upon one’s self.
Cease listening to instruction, my son,
And you will stray from the words of knowledge.
a. Cease listening to instruction, my son: Solomon continued to give wisdom to his children, and here warned of the danger of ceasing to listen to instruction, to wisdom.
b. And you will stray from the words of knowledge: This shows us that attention and effort must be given to remain on the path of wisdom. If one does cease listening to instruction, then they will stray from the words of knowledge. One must set themselves on the path of wisdom and, with God’s help, determine that they will stay upon in.
i. “The meaning here is that it is better not to learn than to learn to refuse to obey.” (Morgan)
ii. “Without constant attention to wisdom depraved human beings unconsciously stray from it. Even Solomon, ancient Israel’s paragon of wisdom, strayed when he ceased listening to his own proverbs.” (Waltke)
A disreputable witness scorns justice,
And the mouth of the wicked devours iniquity.
a. A disreputable witness scorns justice: The witness who is not committed to truth doesn’t care about the workings of justice. Great harm comes upon society and its legal system when there is not care and promotion of the truth and the disreputable witness is not punished.
i. “The perjurers in the lawsuit against Naboth are called beliyyaal (1 Kings. 21:10, 13), a story that illustrates the lying witnesses’ lethal power.” (Waltke)
b. The mouth of the wicked devours iniquity: The words of the wicked (coming from the mouth) love iniquity so much that they devour it, as a hungry man devours food. This is the kind of person who scorns justice and tears down society.
Judgments are prepared for scoffers,
And beatings for the backs of fools.
a. Judgments are prepared for scoffers: Those who reject wisdom with hostility (scoffers) will not escape penalty. Judgments are prepared for them.
i. Are prepared for: “For these scorners (that promise themselves impunity) are judgments, not one, but many, not appointed only, but prepared long since, and now ready to be executed.” (Trapp)
b. Beatings for the backs of fools: Those who disregard wisdom, bound in their folly (fools) will also have their penalty. Correction will come to them in its appointed way, and sadly – the correction will do little good for them.
i. “Profane and wicked men expose themselves to the punishments denounced against such by just laws. Avoid, therefore, both their company and their end.” (Clarke)
(c) 2020 The Enduring Word Bible Commentary by David Guzik – firstname.lastname@example.org
Dios Habla Hoy
Dios Habla Hoy
19 Better the poor whose walk is blameless
than a fool whose lips are perverse.(A)
2 Desire without knowledge is not good—
how much more will hasty feet miss the way!(B)
3 A person’s own folly(C) leads to their ruin,
yet their heart rages against the Lord.(D)
4 Wealth attracts many friends,
but even the closest friend of the poor person deserts them.(E)
5 A false witness(F) will not go unpunished,(G)
and whoever pours out lies will not go free.(H)
6 Many curry favor with a ruler,(I)
and everyone is the friend of one who gives gifts.(J)
7 The poor are shunned by all their relatives—
how much more do their friends avoid them!(K)
Though the poor pursue them with pleading,
they are nowhere to be found.(L)
8 The one who gets wisdom loves life;
the one who cherishes understanding will soon prosper.(M)
9 A false witness will not go unpunished,
and whoever pours out lies will perish.(N)
10 It is not fitting for a fool(O) to live in luxury—
how much worse for a slave to rule over princes!(P)
11 A person’s wisdom yields patience;(Q)
it is to one’s glory to overlook an offense.
12 A king’s rage is like the roar of a lion,(R)
but his favor is like dew(S) on the grass.(T)
13 A foolish child is a father’s ruin,(U)
and a quarrelsome wife is like
the constant dripping of a leaky roof.(V)
14 Houses and wealth are inherited from parents,(W)
but a prudent wife is from the Lord.(X)
15 Laziness brings on deep sleep,
and the shiftless go hungry.(Y)
16 Whoever keeps commandments keeps their life,
but whoever shows contempt for their ways will die.(Z)
17 Whoever is kind to the poor lends to the Lord,(AA)
and he will reward them for what they have done.(AB)
18 Discipline your children, for in that there is hope;
do not be a willing party to their death.(AC)
19 A hot-tempered person must pay the penalty;
rescue them, and you will have to do it again.
20 Listen to advice and accept discipline,(AD)
and at the end you will be counted among the wise.(AE)
21 Many are the plans in a person’s heart,
but it is the Lord’s purpose that prevails.(AF)
22 What a person desires is unfailing love;
better to be poor than a liar.
23 The fear of the Lord leads to life;
then one rests content, untouched by trouble.(AG)
24 A sluggard buries his hand in the dish;
he will not even bring it back to his mouth!(AH)
25 Flog a mocker, and the simple will learn prudence;
rebuke the discerning,(AI) and they will gain knowledge.(AJ)
26 Whoever robs their father and drives out their mother(AK)
is a child who brings shame and disgrace.
27 Stop listening to instruction, my son,(AL)
and you will stray from the words of knowledge.
28 A corrupt witness mocks at justice,
and the mouth of the wicked gulps down evil.(AM)
29 Penalties are prepared for mockers,
and beatings for the backs of fools.(AN)
20 Wine(AO) is a mocker(AP) and beer a brawler;
whoever is led astray(AQ) by them is not wise.(AR)
2 A king’s wrath strikes terror like the roar of a lion;(AS)
those who anger him forfeit their lives.(AT)
3 It is to one’s honor to avoid strife,
but every fool(AU) is quick to quarrel.(AV)
4 Sluggards(AW) do not plow in season;
so at harvest time they look but find nothing.(AX)
5 The purposes of a person’s heart are deep waters,(AY)
but one who has insight draws them out.
6 Many claim to have unfailing love,
but a faithful person who can find?(AZ)
7 The righteous lead blameless lives;(BA)
blessed are their children after them.(BB)
8 When a king sits on his throne to judge,(BC)
he winnows out all evil with his eyes.(BD)
9 Who can say, “I have kept my heart pure;(BE)
I am clean and without sin”?(BF)
10 Differing weights and differing measures—
the Lord detests them both.(BG)
11 Even small children are known by their actions,
so is their conduct really pure(BH) and upright?
12 Ears that hear and eyes that see—
the Lord has made them both.(BI)
13 Do not love sleep or you will grow poor;(BJ)
stay awake and you will have food to spare.
14 “It’s no good, it’s no good!” says the buyer—
then goes off and boasts about the purchase.
15 Gold there is, and rubies in abundance,
but lips that speak knowledge are a rare jewel.
16 Take the garment of one who puts up security for a stranger;
hold it in pledge(BK) if it is done for an outsider.(BL)
17 Food gained by fraud tastes sweet,(BM)
but one ends up with a mouth full of gravel.(BN)
18 Plans are established by seeking advice;
so if you wage war, obtain guidance.(BO)
19 A gossip betrays a confidence;(BP)
so avoid anyone who talks too much.
20 If someone curses their father or mother,(BQ)
their lamp will be snuffed out in pitch darkness.(BR)
21 An inheritance claimed too soon
will not be blessed at the end.
22 Do not say, “I’ll pay you back for this wrong!”(BS)
Wait for the Lord, and he will avenge you.(BT)
23 The Lord detests differing weights,
and dishonest scales do not please him.(BU)
24 A person’s steps are directed(BV) by the Lord.(BW)
How then can anyone understand their own way?(BX)
25 It is a trap to dedicate something rashly
and only later to consider one’s vows.(BY)
26 A wise king winnows out the wicked;
he drives the threshing wheel over them.(BZ)
27 The human spirit is the lamp of the Lord(CA)
that sheds light on one’s inmost being.(CB)
28 Love and faithfulness keep a king safe;
through love(CC) his throne is made secure.(CD)
29 The glory of young men is their strength,
gray hair the splendor of the old.(CE)
30 Blows and wounds scrub(CF) away evil,
and beatings(CG) purge the inmost being.
21 In the Lord’s hand the king’s heart is a stream of water
that he channels toward all who please him.(CH)
2 A person may think their own ways are right,
but the Lord weighs the heart.(CI)
3 To do what is right and just
is more acceptable to the Lord than sacrifice.(CJ)
4 Haughty eyes(CK) and a proud heart—
the unplowed field of the wicked—produce sin.
5 The plans of the diligent lead to profit(CL)
as surely as haste leads to poverty.
6 A fortune made by a lying tongue
is a fleeting vapor and a deadly snare.(CM)
7 The violence of the wicked will drag them away,(CN)
for they refuse to do what is right.
8 The way of the guilty is devious,(CO)
but the conduct of the innocent is upright.
9 Better to live on a corner of the roof
than share a house with a quarrelsome wife.(CP)
10 The wicked crave evil;
their neighbors get no mercy from them.
11 When a mocker is punished, the simple gain wisdom;
by paying attention to the wise they get knowledge.(CQ)
12 The Righteous One takes note of the house of the wicked
and brings the wicked to ruin.(CR)
13 Whoever shuts their ears to the cry of the poor
will also cry out(CS) and not be answered.(CT)
14 A gift given in secret soothes anger,
and a bribe concealed in the cloak pacifies great wrath.(CU)
15 When justice is done, it brings joy to the righteous
but terror to evildoers.(CV)
16 Whoever strays from the path of prudence
comes to rest in the company of the dead.(CW)
17 Whoever loves pleasure will become poor;
whoever loves wine and olive oil will never be rich.(CX)
18 The wicked become a ransom(CY) for the righteous,
and the unfaithful for the upright.
19 Better to live in a desert
than with a quarrelsome and nagging wife.(CZ)
20 The wise store up choice food and olive oil,
but fools gulp theirs down.
21 Whoever pursues righteousness and love
finds life, prosperity(DA) and honor.(DB)
22 One who is wise can go up against the city of the mighty(DC)
and pull down the stronghold in which they trust.
23 Those who guard their mouths(DD) and their tongues
keep themselves from calamity.(DE)
24 The proud and arrogant person(DF)—“Mocker” is his name—
behaves with insolent fury.
25 The craving of a sluggard will be the death of him,(DG)
because his hands refuse to work.
26 All day long he craves for more,
but the righteous(DH) give without sparing.(DI)
27 The sacrifice of the wicked is detestable(DJ)—
how much more so when brought with evil intent!(DK)
28 A false witness(DL) will perish,(DM)
but a careful listener will testify successfully.
29 The wicked put up a bold front,
but the upright give thought to their ways.(DN)
30 There is no wisdom,(DO) no insight, no plan
that can succeed against the Lord.(DP)
31 The horse is made ready for the day of battle,
but victory rests with the Lord.(DQ)
19 21 explicación proverbios
This became known thanks to his diary found in a house next to the body. a previously convicted citizen who, himself, or with the assistance of inmates, committed suicide in the cell of the remand prison. unsolved sexual crimes committed in the district over the past few years. Some information still leaked out, and the life of Uncle Yasha with It was a subject of heated discussion.PROVERBIOS 19: 21
And they shaved me themselves, with hand-held machines it was unbearably ashamed, and at the same time pleasant. And from the injections, I generally blissed out. No, not because I was injected with drugs, just the mere thought of how a sharp needle ruthlessly bites into a young boy's ass (not necessarily mine) delighted me.
I really wanted to give Kiryushka an injection, and I asked him about it, motivating my desire by the fact that I was supposedly going to. Enter a medical school, and I need to practice.
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She could completely tear her hymen, or even worse become pregnant. Fearing the anger of her parents, and even more of her older sister, Alena began to experiment with the ass. This is how she lived to be a virgin until she was married, and in comparison with her school friends she thought that her.