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Foreman's Branch Bird Observatory

Originally founded under the name Chino Farms Banding Station, Foreman’s Branch Bird Observatory has been in operation at its current location since

Foreman’s Branch Bird Observatory

We are the only major migratory bird banding station operating on the eastern shore of Maryland. Located on the upper eastern shore 3 miles northeast of Chestertown, MD, we are in a rural area. The habitats at the station include fallow fields, hedgerows, early successional shrub/scrub, second-growth woodlands, mature wood lots and the open water and mud flats of Foreman’s Branch.

What’s in a name?

FBBO took its name from the local branch of water that runs into the Chester River. Foreman’s Branch flows parallel to the banding area and its source is located approximately 5 miles to the south. Its waters provide refuge to thousands of migrating and wintering ducks and geese and important stopover habitat for shorebirds as well as a breeding area for Wood Ducks.

Banding Data

Since its initiation in , Foreman’s Branch Bird Observatory has seen over  of its birds subsequently encountered after their initial banding; as far north as Newfoundland and a far south as Ecuador! Encounters occur either through trapping a live bird by another banding operation or, most often, recovering a band from a dead bird. If you happen to find a bird with a band on it, be sure to report it to Report Band at the link below.

Recovery Maps, Banding Data, & Migration Timing  

Student Opportunities

At FBBO, we offer paid internships, volunteer opportunities, fellowships with the Center for Environment & Society, and an annual summer conference. 

Student Opportunities


Research & Monitoring

Our primary research focuses on monitoring seasonal movements of migratory birds which move between their breeding and wintering areas twice a year. By placing uniquely numbered aluminum bands on birds we are able to monitor population levels and document migratory pathways. We also monitor productivity of local breeding birds through our banding efforts. Data from the spring and fall monitoring programs has been used to chart the timing of migration of many species of songbirds moving through the Eastern Shore of Maryland. Visit the links below for more information on our research and monitoring projects. 

Spearheaded by long-term volunteer Bill Snyder, FBBO has banded young Osprey since Ospreys build their nest on platforms placed on top of telephone poles, usually not far from water. During early summer we monitor Osprey platforms for nesting activity and return in June and July to band the recently hatched nestlings.

Despite having banded a relatively small number of Osprey, we have had three recoveries. A nestling banded in July was found approximately 2, miles from FBBO in Trinidad in November later that same year. Our second recovery was of a nestling banded in July of that was found in Ecuador in November of Ecuador is approximately 2, miles away from FBBO. Lastly, a nestling banded in June was found dead in November in Sahagun, Colombia, 2, miles from FBBO.

Osprey banding at the River and Field Campus provides a great way for volunteers to interact with these icons of the Chesapeake Bay region. The data collected from banding Osprey helps us determine how far they travel during migration and where they might winter. It also provides an opportunity to determine how many young Osprey hatch and eventually fledge from the nest platforms on the farm.

There are over bluebird boxes in different areas of Chino Farms. The original intent of these boxes was to monitor possible effects of agricultural by-products on cavity nesting birds. While that aspect of the project concluded years ago, we still check the boxes during the breeding season.

Though the boxes were constructed primarily for Eastern Bluebirds, a variety of birds use them- Tree Swallows, Tufted Titmice, Carolina Chickadees, House Wrens, and Great Crested Flycatchers have all nested in the boxes. These boxes provide nest sites for cavity nesting birds which are often out-competed by aggressive non-native birds such as European Starlings and House Sparrows. The combination of box size specifications and frequent monitoring allows the native bird species to stave off the competitors.

The Eastern Bluebird Box trail provides an opportunity to study breeding phenology such as dates of nest building, egg laying, hatching, and fledging. In addition, maintaining nest boxes helps provide nesting habitat for Eastern Bluebirds, a once declining icon of open habitats throughout the East. To find out more information about Bluebird boxes visit the North American Bluebird Society. To see detailed summaries of nest box usage check out the FBBO Annual Reports below.

In the Fall of we learned a Northern Saw-whet Owl irruption was expected in the eastern United States. An irruption is a periodic movement of a species, generally due to food supplies or habitat availability. In years with great breeding success, there are too many Saw-whets to live off the resources available in the north and so large numbers of the owls migrate south in search of a place with adequate prey to spend the winter. A little research led us to Project Owlnet, a network of North American owl banders focusing on Saw-whet Owls. From this group we learned the protocols used to monitor Saw-whet migration.

A small number of nets are run at night during late October and November and we play a standardized audio lure to attract owls. During Saw-whet Owl banding we have captured Eastern Screech Owls, and we have heard (but not yet caught) Barred Owls and Great Horned Owls in the woods. Owl feathers contain a pigment called porphyrin which glows in ultraviolet light. This pigment fades over time so the brightness of the pink glow can be used to age feathers and the bird, with pinkest being newest. The owl shown has a mix of young and old feathers.

Our Northern Saw-whet banding project contributes data to a continent-wide study of owl migration and distribution. These data can be pooled to help monitor population trends across North America.

You can track the number of Saw-whet Owls banded each fall by checking out the recent banding data.

- Are birds dispersing ticks: we collect ticks from birds that have them and send them to researchers at Old Dominion University.  They are identifying them to see if ticks are expanding their ranges by travelling on migrating birds.

Cabrera-Cruz, SA, RP Larkin, ME Gimpel, JG Gruber, JJ Buler. Do ground-based, downward-facing artificial lights affect the flight behavior of nocturnally migrating birds? Integrative and Comparative Biology 61, EE

Small, D. M. and C. R. Long. Near Catastrophe to Recovery: A Northern Bobwhite (Colinus virginianus) Success Story in Maryland. Maryland Birdlife

Carr, J. Gimpel, M. E. and D. M. Small. Patterns of Provisioning in Known-Aged Spizella pusilla (Field Sparrow): A Multi-Year Study. Northeastern Naturalist

Brinkerhoff, R.J., L. Dang, H.M. Streby, and M.E. Gimpel. Life history characteristics of birds influence patterns of tick parasitism. Infection Ecology & Epidemiology, , , DOI: /

Danner, J. E., D. M. Small, T. B. Ryder, B. Lohr, B. S. Masters, D. E. Gill, and R. C. Fleisher. Temporal patterns of extra-pair paternity in a population of Grasshopper Sparrows (Ammodramus savannarum) in Maryland. Wilson Journal of Ornithology (1):

Small, D. M. Winter site fidelity and over-wintering site persistence of a Northern Shrike, Lanius borealis, in Maryland. Maryland Birdlife 66(2):

Gimpel, M. E. and J. M. Carr.   First known case of a passerine presumably returning a dead chick to the nest. Maryland Birdlife 66(2): PDF.

Soha, J., A. Nelson, D.A. Nelson, and B. Lohr. Non-salient geographic variation in birdsong in a species that learns by improvisation. Ethology

Small, D. M., M. E. Gimpel and J. Gruber. Preformative molt in Indigo Buntings north of the wintering grounds.  North American Bird Bander 40(2):

Small, D. M., P. J. Blank and B. Lohr. Habitat use and movement patterns by dependent and independent juvenile Grasshopper Sparrows during the post-fledging period. Journal of Field Ornithology 86(1):  

Gimpel, M. E., D. M. Small and J. G. Gruber.    Winter site fidelity of six sparrow species in Maryland.  North American Bird Bander 39(2):

Florin, David A., R. J. Brinkerhoff, Holly Gaff, Ju Jiang, Richard G. Robbins, William Eickmeyer, James Butler, David Nielsen, Chelsea Wright, Alexis White, Maren E. Gimpel & Allen L. Richards.  Additional U.S. collections of the Gulf Coast tick, Amblyomma maculatum (Acari: Ixodidae), from the State of Delaware, the first reported field collections of adult specimens from the State of Maryland, and data regarding this tick from surveillance of migratory songbirds in Maryland. Systematic & Applied Acarology 19(3): – 

Lohr, B., S. Ashby and S. M. Wakamiya.    The function of song types and song components in Grasshopper Sparrows (Ammodramus savannarum).  Behaviour

Anthony, T., D. E. Gill, D. M. Small, J. Parks, H. F. Sears. Post-fledging dispersal of Grasshopper Sparrows (Ammodramus savannarum) on a restored grassland in Maryland. The Wilson Journal of Ornithology: (2):

Small, D. M., M. E. Gimpel, J. G. Gruber.    Variation and Extent of Eccentric Pre-formative Wing Molt in Field Sparrows.  North American Bird Bander 38(2):

Small, D. M., M. E. Gimpel, D. E. Gill. Site Fidelity and Natal Philopatry in  Dickcissels. Northeastern Naturalist 19(1):  

Gimpel, M. E., D. M. Small, J. G. Gruber. Site Fidelity and a Longevity Record of Wintering Hermit Thrushes in Maryland. North American Bird Bander 35(2):  

Sherman, L. A. and K. R. Brye. Sequential Burning Effects on the Soil Chemistry of a Grassland Restoration in the Mid-Atlantic Coastal Plain of the United States. Ecological Restoration

Small, D. M., M. E. Gimpel, J. Parks, J. B. Guerard, D. E. Gill. First Documented Cases of Polygyny in the Grasshopper Sparrow. The Wilson Journal of Ornithology (4):

Soha, J. A., B. Lohr, and D. E. Gill. Song Development in the Grasshopper Sparrow, Ammodramus savannarum. Animal Behaviour 77(6):

Small, D., J. Parks, J. Gruber, D. E. Gill. Grasshopper Sparrow (Ammodramus savannarum) longevity Record. North American Bird Bander 33(4):  

Small, D. M., M. E. Gimpel, J. Gruber. Field Sparrow (Spizella pusilla) Longevity Record. North American Bird Bander 32(2):

Gill, D. E., P. Blank, J. Parks, J. B. Guerard, B. Lohr, E. Schwartzman, J. G. Gruber, G. Dodge, C. A. Rewa, and H. F. Sears. Plants and Breeding Bird Response on a Managed Conservation Reserve Program Grassland in Maryland. Wildlife Society Bulletin 34(4):  

Sherman, L. A., K. R. Brye, D. E. Gill, K. A. Koenig. Soil Chemistry as Affected by First-Time Prescribed Burning of a Grassland Restoration on a Coastal Plain Ultisol. Soil Science (11):  

Covino, K. M., S. R. Morris, M. Shieldcastle, and P. D. Taylor. Spring migration of Blackpoll Warblers across North America. Avian Conservation and Ecology 15(1) 

Woolever, Lydia. Into Thin Air. Baltimore Magazine . May Issue. 

Clarke, Wendy Mitman. Twenty Years Young. Washington College Magazine. Summer Issue.

Clarke, Wendy Mitman. If you grow it, they will come.  Washington College Magazine. Summer Issue.

Small, M. Daniel. Wanted: Landowners on the Upper Shore to Help Reverse Northern Bobwhite Population Declines. Chestertown and Easton Spy.

Clarke, Wendy Mitman. College Studies Sparrows at Chino Farms.  Washington College web page. 

Pickering Creek Views Newsletter.    Teachers investigate human impacts by land and sea.

Parson, Will.  December 1,  Restoration Spotlight: Chino Farms brings back the bobwhite quail. Chesapeake Bay Program.

Smedinghoff, Joan, Leslie Boorhem-Stephenson and Will Parson. October 31,  Restoration Spotlight: Striking a balance between farming and wildlife habitat. Chesapeake Bay Program, Chesapeake Bay News Blog.

Smith, Stephanie & Will Parson.  May 31,  The Early Banders Catch the Birds.  Chesapeake Bay Program, Chesapeake Bay News Blog.

Heck, Peter.  Rare Birds Visiting Kent. The Kent County News. January 28th.

Scott, Jane. Bird Banding at Chino Farms.  The Queen Anne’s Chronicle. Vol 4, No. 5. 

Clarke, Wendy Mitman.    A Bird in the Hand.  Washington College Magazine, Spring:

It’s A BioBlitz.    Washington College Magazine, Summer Issue:

Restoring Habitat on Maryland’s Eastern Shore - Interview with Douglas Gill. BirdNote. Air date June 13,

Understanding and Restoring Nature - With Douglas Gill. BirdNote. Air date June 11,

Restoring Grasslands on Maryland’s Eastern Shore - Interview with Dr. Harry Sears. BirdNote. Air date June 7,

Landskroener, M. C. Spring Saving our Grasses. Washington College Magazine. 

Outdoors Maryland TV program, Episode February Documentary on Bird Ecology and Behavior in a Restored Grassland at the Chester River Field Research Center, Chino Farms. F. Cevarich and F. Quang. D.E. Gill, H.F. Sears, and B. Lohr.

U of MD Research Channel program. Documentary on Grasshopper Sparrow Research at the Chester River Field Research Center, Chino Farms. D.E. Gill and B. Lohr.

Outdoors Maryland TV Program, Episode   “Humming in the Garden”

Gimpel, M. E. and D. M. Small. Bird Banding at the Chester River Field Research Station. Kent County Bird Club. Chestertown, MD.

Small, D. M., P. J. Blank, B. Lohr. Post-fledging movement patterns and habitat use by hatch-year Grasshopper Sparrows. Maryland Ornithological Society Conference, Havre de Grace, MD.

Small, D. M. Post-fledging movement patterns and habitat use by hatch-year Grasshopper Sparrows. Eastern Bird Banding Association Conference, Pikeville, TN

Jung, K., M. Willard and B. Lohr.    Song patterning, organization, and output in the Grasshopper Sparrow (Ammodramus savannarum). Wilson Ornithological Society Conference, Williamsburg, VA.

Hussein, A., B. Lohr and B. Rolek.  Song Characteristics of the critically endangered Florida Grasshopper Sparrow (Ammodramus savannarum floridanus).  Wilson Ornithological Society Conference, Williamsburg, VA.

Muellerklein, O., P. Vutukur and B. Lohr.    Territoriality and spatial dynamics in Grasshopper Sparrows; a mathmatical model.  Wilson Ornithological Society Conference, Williamsburg, VA.

Lohr, B.    The function of song components in the Grasshopper Sparrow (Ammodramus savannarum). Wilson Ornithological Society Conference, Williamsburg, VA.

Brinkerhoff, J.J., E.N. Lane, I. Wazir, M. Gimpel and H.M. Streby.    Life history characteristics of birds influence patterns of tick parasitism.  Wilson Ornithological Society Conference, Williamsburg, VA.

Small, D. M.    Native Grassland Restoration at Chester River Field Research Station. Grassland Bird Symposium.  Virginia Working Landscapes, Front Royal VA.

Laudick, L. and B. Lohr. An analysis of nesting vocalizations in the grasshopper sparrow (Ammodramus savannarum). Department of Biological Sciences. Northern Kentucky University.

Blank, P. J., J. R. Parks, G. P. Dively, and D. E. Gill. Mowing Of CREP Grass Buffers In Late Summer Or Fall Reduces Wintering Bird Habitat. Poster Presentation. Presented at: The Wildlife Society Annual Meeting, The Wildlife Society Maryland/Delaware Chapter Fall Meeting, and the Marine-Estuarine-Environmental Sciences, University of Maryland, Annual Colloquium.

Blank, P. J., G. Dively, J. Parks, and D. E. Gill. Bird Use of Herbaceous Filter Strips Bordering Crop Fields in Maryland. National Conference on Ecosystem Restoration. Kansas City, KN.

Gill, D. E., J. Parks, J. B. Guerard, E. Miles, H. F. Sears. Successful Conversion of Row-Crop Fields into Wildlife-Rich Grasslands at the Chester River Field Research Center, MD. 4th Annual Science Meeting of the Chesapeake Marshlands NWR Complex.

Blank, P. J. and D. E. Gill. Bird use of Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program (CREP) buffers bordering rowcrop fields in Maryland. Maryland Department of Natural Resources, Annapolis, MD.

Wakamiya, S., S. Bruno, B. Lohr, and D. E. Gill. Spectral and temporal variation in song of an eastern population of grasshopper sparrows (Ammodramus savannarum). Joint Meeting of the Association for Field Ornithology and Wilson Ornithological Society: Ithaca, NY.

Blank, P. J. and D. E. Gill. Defining extent and configuration of habitat to meet local and regional goals. Grassland Restoration Workshop: Aiding Managers in National Capital Region Parks. National Capitol Region Parks and Planning Commission. Manassas National Park, 23 March

Gill, D. E. and P. J. Blank. Practice of Grassland Restoration in the Mid-Atlantic Region. Grassland Restoration Workshop: Aiding Managers in National Capital Region Parks. National Capitol Region Parks and Planning Commission. Manassas National Park, 23 March

Blank, P. A. and D. E. Gill. The value of conservation buffers around crop fields in the mid-Atlantic for birds. Abstract and poster. Wildlife Habitat Council 16th Annual Symposium. November. Wildlife Habitat Council, Silver Spring, MD

Lohr, B., R. J. Dooling, and D. E. Gill. Song variation and environmental auditory masking in the grasshopper sparrow (Ammodramus savannarum). Acoustical Society of America: New York, NY.

Lohr. B., R. J. Dooling, and D. E. Gill. Acoustic competition and song production in the grasshopper sparrow (Ammodramus savannarum). First International Conference on Acoustic Communication by Animals: College Park, MD.

Taking Off

January 15

Mike Hudson’s longtime loves of birding and writing have thrived during his time at Washington College. Now set to graduate this spring, he’s already combined these skills to land a position as co-editor of a pre-eminent national birding journal.

Sandpiper returns to FBBO after 6 years

May 10

An amazing recovery of tiny shorebird. FBBO recaptured a Least Sandpiper that we had banded back on May 8th, This bird returned one other time, we recaptured it the following year on may 8th, , but have not seen it since then. 


Junior Duck Stamp Contest Information

The judging for the Junior Duck Stamp National Contest will begin on April 16,  and a winner will be announced when judging is completed.  The winning art will be made into a stamp, which goes on sale beginning June 25,

Congratulations to the Junior Duck Stamp Artist!

Painting of a harlequin duck

Madison Grimm, a year-old from South Dakota, took top honors in the Service’s National Junior Duck Stamp Art Contest with her acrylic rendition of a wood duck. Her artwork will grace the Junior Duck Stamp, which will go on sale June 26 and supports conservation education for students in kindergarten through 12th grade.

The winning conservation message was by Abby Gilreath, 16, of Nebraska with her message: “When we practice conservation, we protect not only our wildlife but our health and environment for future generations.”

Learn more
 News release

A high-resolution version of the winning image is available for certain uses. News media should contact Valerie Fellows at [email protected] or / Others interested in obtaining a license to use the image should contact Suzanne Fellows at [email protected] or /

All students in kindergarten through grade twelve are encouraged to participate in the Junior Duck Stamp Conservation and Design Program annual art and conservation message contest as part of the Junior Duck Stamp Program curriculum.

The art and conservation message competition serve as the "final project" – an opportunity for students to share what they have learned about waterfowl and habitat conservation through the curriculum or through their own study and observation.

Ready to participate in the contest? Here's what you need to do!

  1. Review the  annual brochure (MB) and print out entry forms ( English (KB) /  Spanish (MB)).
  2. Read the contest rules carefully and make sure you meet eligibility requirements.
  3. Begin researching and preparing your entry.
  4. Fill in the entry form ( English (KB) /  Spanish (MB)) and reference form ( English (KB) /  Spanish (KB)) (if required) completely and affix to the back of your entry.
  5. Mail your entry to your state coordinator by the deadline. It's as simple as that!

General Information

The Junior Duck Stamp Art Contest is the culmination of the Junior Duck Stamp educational program. After studying waterfowl anatomy and habitat, students may express their newfound knowledge by drawing, painting or sketching a picture of an eligible North American waterfowl species.

Because students express themselves best in different formats, the conservation message contest gives them an opportunity to use the written word to express their knowledge. Students from across the United States submit their artwork to their state, territory or district competition.

The  "Best of Show" from each competition is submitted to the Federal Junior Duck Stamp Design Contest, where a panel of judges will select one image to become the next Junior Duck Stamp.

click the links for Contest Details and Important Information

Contest Eligibility - Who may participate?

Entry Deadlines

Contest Rules

Eligible Species

Conservation Message

Using References to Prepare your Entry



Return of entries

Display of Designs

Contest Eligibility - Who may participate?

Any K student attending public, private or  homeschool (MB) in the United States and the U.S. Territories is eligible to enter, as long as you are a U.S. Citizen, resident alien, or national (a social security number, Green Card or Visa will be required for all Best of Show winners). U.S. Citizens attending schools abroad may enter through their legal state of residence. Students may enter through their school, as a home project or as a part of a  youth or community activity (MB)

  1. The student who won First Place in the National Junior Duck Stamp Contest the preceding year may not submit an entry in the current year's contest.
  2. Only one entry per student.
  3. Supervising adults should encourage all students to participate in the Junior Duck Stamp education program and enter the art contest.
  4. In the case of foreign exchange students, their artwork may be judged at the state level. However, if the artwork is awarded Best of Show, although it may be honored as a winner in that state, it will not be forwarded to the national competition.

Entry Deadlines

Submit your Junior Duck Stamp entry to your state contest by the state's deadline. All entries must be postmarked by March 15, except:
California and Maryland (entries postmarked by February 1)
Massachusetts (entries postmarked by February 15)
Maine, Missouri, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island and Virginia (entries postmarked by March 1).
Do not send your artwork directly to the national office.

Art Contest Rules

  1. Design entries must be contestant's original, hand-drawn creation and may not be traced or copied from photographs or other artists' works.
  2. Image must be a live portrayal of a native North American duck, swan or goose (refer to Eligible Species list).
  3. The entry may be multi-color, black and white, or a single color; it may be rendered in ink, paint, pastel, crayon, or pencil. Techniques may include scratch-board, airbrush, linoleum printing, paper collage, dry brush, crosshatch, pointillism, etc.
  4. No photography or computer-generated art will be accepted. Computers or other mechanical devices may not be used in creating artwork.
  5. The physical size of submitted artwork must be 9" x 12" and less than ¼" thick.
  6. Image layout must be horizontal.
  7. Entries should not be matted.
  8. There should be no border around the image.
  9. A loose, detachable cover sheet may be laid over the art face to protect it during shipping. Spray chalk and pastel entries with a fixative to eliminate possible scuffing and smudging during transfer of artwork.
  10. No lettering, words, signatures or initials may appear on the front of the design. Inclusion of such markings will result in disqualification
  11. See the  Junior Duck Stamp Conservation and Design Program and Contest brochure (MB) for detailed contest rules.

Eligible Species

Your entry should feature a live portrayal featuring at least one of the species below. Mute swans, loons, grebes, coots and other such waterbirds are not permitted species.

  • Black-bellied Whistling-Duck (Dendrocygna autumnalis)
  • Fulvous Whistling-Duck (Dendrocygna bicolor)
  • Emperor Goose (Anser canagicus)
  • Snow Goose, including blue phase (Anser caerulescens)
  • Ross's Goose (Anser rossii)
  • Greater White-fronted Goose (Anser albifrons)
  • Brant (Branta bernicla)
  • Cackling Goose (Branta hutchinsii)
  • Canada Goose (Branta canadensis)
  • Hawaiian Goose or Nene (Branta sandvicensis)
  • Trumpeter Swan (Cygnus buccinator)
  • Tundra Swan (Cygnus columbianus)
  • Wood Duck (Aix sponsa)
  • Blue-winged Teal (Spatula discors)
  • Cinnamon Teal (Spatula cyanoptera)
  • Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata)
  • Gadwall (Mareca strepera)
  • American Wigeon (Mareca americana)
  • Laysan Duck (Anas laysanensis)
  • Hawaiian Duck or Koloa (Anas wyvilliana)
  • Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos)
  • American Black Duck (Anas rubripes)
  • Mottled Duck (Anas fulvigula)
  • White-cheeked Pintail (Anas bahamensis)
  • Northern Pintail (Anas acuta)
  • Green-winged Teal (Anas crecca)
  • Canvasback (Aythya valisineria)
  • Redhead (Aythya americana)
  • Ring-necked Duck (Aythya collaris)
  • Greater Scaup (Aytha marila)
  • Lesser Scaup (Aythya affinis)
  • Steller's Eider (Polysticta stelleri)
  • Spectacled Eider (Somateria fischeri)
  • King Eider (Somateria spectabilis)
  • Common Eider (Somateria mollissima)
  • Harlequin Duck (Histrionicus histrionicus)
  • Surf Scoter (Melanitta perspicillata)
  • White-winged Scoter (Melanitta fusca)
  • Black Scoter (Melanitta americana)
  • Long-tailed Duck (Clangula hyemalis)
  • Bufflehead (Bucephala albeola)
  • Common Goldeneye (Bucephala clangula)
  • Barrow's Goldeneye (Bucephala islandica)
  • Hooded Merganser (Lophodytes cucullatus)
  • Common Merganser (Mergus merganser)
  • Red-breasted Merganser (Mergus serrator)
  • Masked Duck (Oxyura dominica)
  • Ruddy Duck (Oxyura jamaicensis)

Conservation Message

Each student is encouraged, but not required, to write a  short conservation message (KB) that expresses the spirit of what they have learned through classroom discussions, research and planning for their Junior Duck Stamp Contest entries. Conservation messages should be limited to the space provided on the entry form ( English (KB) /  Spanish(MB)). One message per state is judged at the national level. States submit either the Best of Show conservation message or the winner of the state conservation message contest. For more information regarding your state's conservation message contest, please contact your state coordinator.

Using References to Prepare Your Entry

Scenes should depict birds in their natural habitat; for example, sea ducks should be shown in ocean areas. Feather colors should be appropriate to the time of the year depicted by the environment. Decoratively designed birds receive equal voting consideration as realistic depictions as long as they are anatomically correct according to species depicted.

Students should not reproduce other artists' visual images for the purpose of presenting them as their own creative work. Only work that is the unique creation of the individual student should be entered into the competition. Please do not submit work which has been copied from another source.

Students may rely on images as guides when producing their artwork. However, the entry must be the student's own creation, and idea and reference materials may not be copied or traced or otherwise presented as the student's own work. Refer to the current brochure (MB) for examples of how to properly use reference materials.


All phases of the judging procedure are open to the general public. Entries will be judged on the basis of design, anatomical accuracy, artistic composition, and suitability for reproduction on a 1 1/2" by 1" stamp. Both realistic and imaginative interpretations are acceptable.

Artwork is judged by group level – all K-3rd graders, 4th-6th graders, 7th-9th graders and 10thth graders are judged within their age group. For each state, district, or territory, there are awards: 12 First Place, 12 Second Place, 12 Third Place and up to 64 Honorable Mentions. Judging at the state level continues until awards have been allocated for first, second and third place, plus honorable mentions.

One student's design will be selected from the 12 First Place winners as "Best of Show." Notification of winners will be made as soon as possible. The state coordinator and/or a member of the Duck Stamp Office staff will oversee all judging events.


Awards and prizes vary from state to state; however, all entries receive certificates of participation and the top winners in each state, district or territory receive special recognition. At the national level, scholarships are awarded to the top three artists and the winning conservation message.

In addition, the national art winner and one parent or guardian will receive a free trip to participate in the First Day of Sale ceremony in late June/early July.

Return of Entries

All entries will be returned. Artwork may be mailed back to the student or to the school. In some areas, teachers and students may be notified to pick up artwork at a central location. After the state contest, your state coordinator will inform you of artwork return procedures. Non-placing entries will be returned by June 1.

Placing artwork and the state Best of Show may become part of a traveling display; they will be returned by June of the following year.

For questions regarding your artwork or to report a change of address, please contact your state, territory or district coordinator. If artwork is unclaimed, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is not be obligated to trace the location of the artist to return the artwork. All unclaimed entries may be destroyed one year from the date of the contest. Every effort will be made to safely return artwork to the students.

Display of Duck Stamp Designs

Each  state, district or territory Best of Show entry will be displayed at the Federal Duck Stamp Contest judging, waterfowl festivals, wildlife museums, and galleries throughout the United States. State programs may also choose to display the top winning artwork. Find out where to see the national Best of Show art exhibit or how to borrow the exhibit on our website. Contact your state, territory or district coordinator to find out about state exhibits.


  1. Good day kpop
  2. Solidworks error opening file
  3. Word stacks february 19

Peterson Backyard Birds Posters

Here’s a visual reference for casual bird watchers!

Learn the names of the birds you see in your backyard with this quick reference! This poster features detailed illustrations of common birds in your area with ornithologically correct markings. Since each bird is scaled to size they’re easy to identify, even if you’re new to birding! Available in three different regional posters: Backyard Birds of the Northeast, Backyard Birds of the Mid-Atlantic and Backyard Birds of the Southeast. Choose your preference. Each poster measures 19 x 27 inches and looks great on your wall.

Backyard Birds of the Northeast Posterincludes 77 of the most common backyard birds found from upstate New York to Maine, including New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut and Rhode Island.

Backyard Birds of the Mid-Atlantic Posterincludes 79 of the most common backyard birds found from Maryland to downstate New York, including West Virginia, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware and Washington D.C.

Backyard Birds of the Southeast Posterincludes 81 of the most common backyard birds found from Virginia to Florida, including Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, Kentucky, North Carolina and South Carolina.

  • Museum quality print with fade-resistant inks
  • Quick visual reference for identifying your backyard birds
  • Detailed illustrations by ornithologist Roger Tory Peterson
  • Poster printed on 80 lb. stock for crisp, vivid colors
  • Made in the USA

State Bird Art Prints

State Bird PosterWeb_Poster_Mockup7.jpg
State Birds Mix and MatchWall Mockupjpg
Alabama Yellowhammer Art PrintAlabama Yellowhammer Watercolor Art Print
Alaska Willow Ptarmigan Art PrintAlaska Willow Ptarmigan Watercolor Art Print
Arizona Cactus Wren Art PrintArizona Cactus Wren Art Print
Arkansas Mockingbird Art PrintArkansas Mockingbird Watercolor Art Print
California Valley Quail Art PrintCalifornia Quail and Poppies Watercolor Art Print
Colorado Lark Bunting Art PrintColorado Lark Bunting and Columbine Watercolor Art Print
Connecticut Robin Art PrintConnecticut Robin and Mountain Laurel Watercolor Art Print
Delaware Blue Hen Chicken Art PrintDelaware Blue Hen Chicken Watercolor Artwork
Florida Mockingbird Art PrintFlorida Mockingbird Watercolor Artwork
Georgia Brown Thrasher Art PrintGeorgia Brown Thrasher Watercolor Artwork
Hawaiian Goose (Nene) Art PrintHawaiian Goose Nene Watercolor Artwork
Idaho Mountain Bluebird Art PrintIdaho_Webjpg
Illinois Cardinal Art PrintIllinois Violets Watercolor Artwork
Indiana Cardinal Art PrintIndiana Peony Watercolor Artwork
Iowa Goldfinch Art PrintIowa Prairie Rose Watercolor Artwork
Kansas Western Meadowlark Art PrintKansas Sunflowers Watercolor Artwork
Kentucky Cardinal Art PrintKentucky Cardinal and Goldenrod Watercolor Art Print
Louisiana Brown Pelican Art PrintLouisiana_Webjpg
Maine Chickadee Art PrintMaine_Webjpg
Maryland Oriole Art PrintMaryland Oriole Watercolor Art Print
Massachusetts Chickadee Art PrintMassachusetts Chickadee Watercolor Art Print
Michigan Robin Art PrintMichigan Robin Watercolor Art Print
Minnesota Loon Art PrintMinnesota Loon and Ladyslippers State Bird Art Print
Missouri Bluebird Art PrintMissouri Bluebird Watercolor Art Print
Mississippi Mockingbird Art PrintMississippi Mockingbird and Magnolia Blossom State Bird Art Print
Montana Meadowlark Art PrintMontana Western Meadowlark Watercolor Art Print
Nebraska Meadowlark Art PrintNebraska Meadowlark and Goldenrod State Bird Artwork
Nevada Bluebird Art PrintNevada Bluebird and Sagebrush Watercolor Art Print
New Hampshire Red Finch Art PrintNew Hampshire Red Finch and Lilacs Art Print
New Jersey Goldfinch Art PrintNew Jersey Goldfinch and Violet Watercolor Art Print
New Mexico Roadrunner Art PrintNew Mexico Roadrunner and Yucca Plant State Bird Art Print
New York Bluebird Art PrintNew York Bluebird and Rose Watercolor Art Print
North Carolina Cardinal Art PrintNorth Carolina Cardinal and Dogwood State Bird Art Print
North Dakota Meadowlark Art PrintNorth Dakota Meadowlark and Prairie Rose State Bird Artwork
Ohio Cardinal Art PrintOhio Cardinal and Red Carnations State Bird Art Print
Oklahoma Scissor-tailed Flycatcher Art PrintOklahoma Scissor-tailed Flycatcher and Mistletoe State Bird Artwork
Oregon Meadowlark Art PrintOregon Western Meadowlark and Grape Blossom State Bird Artwork
Pennsylvania Ruffed Grouse Art PrintPennsylvania Ruffed Grouse and Mountain Laurel State Bird Art Print
Rhode Island Red Art PrintRhode Island Red and Violets State Bird Artwork
South Carolina Art PrintWeb Print2.jpg
South Dakota Ring-Necked Pheasant Art PrintSouth Dakota Ring-Necked Pheasant and Pasque Flower State Bird Artwork
Tennessee Mockingbird Art PrintWeb Print2.jpg
Texas Mockingbird Art PrintTexas Mockingbird and Bluebonnet Watercolor Art Print
Utah California Gull Art PrintUtah California Gull and Sego Lily Art Print
Vermont Hermit Thrush Art PrintVermont Hermit Thrush and Red Clover Art Print
Virginia Cardinal Art PrintVirginia Cardinal and Dogwood Watercolor Art Print
Washington Gold Finch Art PrintWashington Goldfinch and Rhododendron Art Print
West Virginia Cardinal Art PrintWest Virginia Cardinal and Rhododendron Art Print
Wisconsin Robin Art PrintWisconsin Robin and Violets Art Print
Wyoming Meadowlark Art PrintWyoming Meadowlark and Indian Paintbrush Art Print

Of poster birds maryland

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MARYLAND Birds Identification - Identify Your Common Backyard Birds - Fair Fowls of MARYLAND

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I was in no hurry to lower her to the bottom and continued to wander over her body with both hands and. Lips. She moaned lightly. But with every touch of the breasts and even more the nipples, the moans became louder.

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