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Newark, New Jersey

City in Essex County, New Jersey, United States

This article is about the city of Newark, New Jersey. For other uses, see Newark (disambiguation).

"Brick City" redirects here. For other uses, see Brick City (disambiguation).

City in New Jersey, United States

Newark, New Jersey

City of Newark

From top, left to right: Downtown Newark, Washington Park, The Newark Museum of Art, Jewish Museum of New Jersey, Dock Bridge, the Justice Sculpture, Newark Liberty International Airport, James Street Commons Historic District

Flag of Newark, New Jersey

Flag

Official seal of Newark, New Jersey

Seal

Nickname(s): 

Brick City, The Gateway City, City By The River[1]

Interactive map of Newark

Coordinates: 40°43′27″N74°10′21″W / 40.72422°N 74.172574°W / 40.72422; -74.172574Coordinates: 40°43′27″N74°10′21″W / 40.72422°N 74.172574°W / 40.72422; -74.172574[3][4]
Country United States
State New Jersey
CountyEssex
FoundedReligious colony (1663)
IncorporatedOctober 31, 1693 (as township)
ReincorporatedApril 11, 1836 (as city)
Named forNewark-on-Trent, Nottinghamshire, England
 • TypeFaulkner Act (mayor–council)
 • BodyMunicipal Council of Newark
 • MayorRas Baraka (D, December 31, 2022)[5][6]
 • AdministratorEric E. Pennington[7]
 • Municipal clerkKenneth Louis[8]
 • Total25.89 sq mi (67.04 km2)
 • Land24.14 sq mi (62.53 km2)
 • Water1.74 sq mi (4.51 km2)  6.72%
Area rank102nd of 565 in state
1st of 22 in county[3]
Elevation

[10]

13 ft (4 m)
 • Total311,549[2]
 • Estimate 

(2020)[15]

311,549[2]
 • Rank62nd in country (as of 2019)[16][17]
1st of 566 in state
1st of 22 in county[18]
 • Density12,879.2/sq mi (4,972.8/km2)
 • Density rank23rd of 566 in state
4th of 22 in county[18]
Demonym(s)Newarker[19]
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Codes

07101-07108, 07112, 07114[20][21]

Area code(s)862/973[22]
FIPS code3401351000[3][23][24]
GNIS feature ID0885317[3][25]
Websitenewarknj.gov
The Krueger-Scott Mansion, owned by African-American beauty entrepreneur Louise Scott, Newark's first female millionaire, and previously by German brewer Gottfried Krueger

Newark (,[26])[27] is the most populouscity in the U.S. state of New Jersey and the seat of Essex County.[28] As one of the nation's major air, shipping, and rail hubs, the city had a population of 311,549 in 2020,[2] making it the nation's 62nd-most populous municipality,[16] after being ranked 73rd in the nation in 2010.[17]

Settled in 1666 by Puritans from New Haven Colony, Newark is one of the oldest cities in the United States. Its location at the mouth of the Passaic River (where it flows into Newark Bay) has made the city's waterfront an integral part of the Port of New York and New Jersey. Today, Port Newark–Elizabeth is the primary container shipping terminal of the busiest seaport on the U.S. East Coast. Newark Liberty International Airport was the first municipal commercial airport in the United States, and today is one of its busiest.[29][30][31]

Several leading companies have their headquarters in Newark, including Prudential, PSEG, Panasonic Corporation of North America, Audible.com, IDT Corporation, and Manischewitz. A number of important higher education institutions are also in the city, including the Newark campus of Rutgers University (which includes law and medical schools and the Rutgers Institute of Jazz Studies); University Hospital (formerly the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey which included the schools of medicine and dentistry now under Rutgers University); the New Jersey Institute of Technology; and Seton Hall University's law school. The U.S. District Court for the District of New Jersey sits in the city as well. Local cultural venues include the New Jersey Performing Arts Center, Newark Symphony Hall, the Prudential Center and The Newark Museum of Art.

Newark is divided into five political wards (East, West, South, North and Central) and contains neighborhoods ranging in character from bustling urban districts to quiet suburban enclaves.[32] Newark's Branch Brook Park is the oldest county park in the United States and is home to the nation's largest collection of cherry blossom trees, numbering over 5,000.[33][34][35][36]

History[edit]

Main articles: History of Newark, New Jersey and Timeline of Newark, New Jersey

Newark was settled in 1666 by ConnecticutPuritans led by Robert Treat from the New Haven Colony. It was conceived as a theocratic assembly of the faithful, though this did not last for long as new settlers came with different ideas.[37] On October 31, 1693, it was organized as a New Jersey township based on the Newark Tract, which was first purchased on July 11, 1667. Newark was granted a royal charter on April 27, 1713. It was incorporated on February 21, 1798 by the New Jersey Legislature's Township Act of 1798, as one of New Jersey's initial group of 104 townships. During its time as a township, portions were taken to form Springfield Township (April 14, 1794), Caldwell Township (February 16, 1798; now known as Fairfield Township), Orange Township (November 27, 1806), Bloomfield Township (March 23, 1812) and Clinton Township (April 14, 1834, remainder reabsorbed by Newark on March 5, 1902). Newark was reincorporated as a city on April 11, 1836, replacing Newark Township, based on the results of a referendum passed on March 18, 1836. The previously independent Vailsburg borough was annexed by Newark on January 1, 1905. In 1926, South Orange Township changed its name to Maplewood. As a result of this, a portion of Maplewood known as Ivy Hill was re-annexed to Newark's Vailsburg.[38]

The name of the city is thought to derive from Newark-on-Trent, England, because of the influence of the original pastor, Abraham Pierson, who came from Yorkshire but may have ministered in Newark, Nottinghamshire.[39][40][41] But Pierson is also supposed to have said that the community reflecting the new task at hand should be named "New Ark" for "New Ark of the Covenant"[42] and some of the colonists saw it as "New-Work", the settlers' new work with God. Whatever the origins, the name was shortened to Newark, although references to the name "New Ark" are found in preserved letters written by historical figures such as David Ogden in his claim for compensation, and James McHenry, as late as 1787.[43]

During the American Revolutionary War, British troops made several raids into the town.[44] The city saw tremendous industrial and population growth during the 19th century and early 20th century, and experienced racial tension and urban decline in the second half of the 20th century, culminating in the 1967 Newark riots.

The city has experienced revitalization since the 1990s.[45] In 2018, the city passed legislation to protect residents from displacement brought about by gentrification.[46]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 25.89 square miles (67.04 km2), including 24.14 square miles (62.53 km2) of land and 1.74 square miles (4.51 km2) of water (6.72%).[3][4] It has the third-smallest land area among the 100 most populous cities in the U.S., behind neighboring Jersey City and Hialeah, Florida.[47] The city's altitude ranges from 0 (sea level) in the east to approximately 230 feet (70 m) above sea level in the western section of the city.[48][49] Newark is essentially a large basin sloping towards the Passaic River, with a few valleys formed by meandering streams. Historically, Newark's high places have been its wealthier neighborhoods. In the 19th century and early 20th century, the wealthy congregated on the ridges of Forest Hill, High Street, and Weequahic.[50]

Until the 20th century, the marshes on Newark Bay were difficult to develop, as the marshes were essentially wilderness, with a few dumps, warehouses, and cemeteries on their edges. During the 20th century, the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey was able to reclaim 68 acres (28 ha) of the marshland for the further expansion of Newark Liberty International Airport, as well as the growth of the port lands.[31]

Newark is surrounded by residential suburbs to the west (on the slope of the Watchung Mountains), the Passaic River and Newark Bay to the east, dense urban areas to the south and southwest, and middle-class residential suburbs and industrial areas to the north. The city is the largest in New Jersey's Gateway Region, which is said to have received its name from Newark's nickname as the "Gateway City".[51]

The city borders the municipalities of Belleville, Bloomfield, East Orange, Irvington, Maplewood and South Orange in Essex County; Bayonne, East Newark, Harrison, Jersey City and Kearny in Hudson County; and Elizabeth and Hillside in Union County.[52][53][54]

Neighborhoods[edit]

Main article: List of neighborhoods in Newark, New Jersey

Newark is New Jersey's largest and second-most racially diverse city (after neighboring Jersey City). It is divided into five political wards,[55] which are often used by residents to identify their place of habitation. In recent years, residents have begun to identify with specific neighborhood names instead of the larger ward appellations. Nevertheless, the wards remain relatively distinct. Industrial uses, coupled with the airport and seaport lands, are concentrated in the East and South wards, while residential neighborhoods exist primarily in the North, Central, and West Wards.[56]

State law requires that wards be compact and contiguous and that the largest ward may not exceed the population of the smallest by more than 10% of the average ward size. Ward boundaries are redrawn, as needed, by a board of ward commissioners consisting of two Democrats and two Republicans appointed at the county level and the municipal clerk.[57] Redrawing of ward lines in previous decades have shifted traditional boundaries, so that downtown currently occupies portions of the East and Central wards. The boundaries of the wards are altered for various political and demographic reasons and sometimes gerrymandered, especially the northeastern portion of the West Ward.[58][59][60]

Newark's Central Ward, formerly known as the old Third Ward, contains much of the city's history including the original squares Lincoln Park, Military Park and Washington Park. The ward contains the University Heights, The Coast/Lincoln Park, historic Grace Episcopal Church, Government Center, Springfield/Belmont and Seventh Avenue neighborhoods. Of these neighborhood designations only University Heights, a more recent designation for the area that was the subject of the 1968 novel Howard Street by Nathan Heard, is still in common usage. The Central Ward extends at one point as far north as 2nd Avenue.

In the 19th century, the Central Ward was inhabited by Germans and other white Catholic and Protestant groups. The German inhabitants were later replaced by Jews, who were then replaced by Blacks and African Americans. The increased academic footprint in the University Heights neighborhood has produced gentrification, with landmark buildings undergoing renovation. Located in the Central Ward is the nation's largest health sciences university, UMDNJ-New Jersey Medical School. It is also home to three other universities – New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT), Rutgers University – Newark, and Essex County College. The Central Ward forms the present-day heart of Newark, and includes 26 public schools, two police precincts, including headquarters, four firehouses, and one branch library.[61]

The North Ward is surrounded by Branch Brook Park. Its neighborhoods include Broadway, Mount Pleasant, Upper Roseville and the affluent Forest Hill section.[62] Forest Hill contains the Forest Hill Historic District, which is registered on state and national historic registers, and contains many older mansions and colonial homes. A row of residential towers with security guards and secure parking line Mt. Prospect Avenue in the Forest Hill neighborhood. The North Ward has lost geographic area in recent times; its southern boundary is now significantly further north than the traditional boundary near Interstate 280. The North Ward had its own Little Italy, centered on heavily Italian Seventh Avenue and the area of St. Lucy's Church; demographics have transitioned to Latino in recent decades, though the ward as a whole remains ethnically diverse.[62]

The West Ward comprises the neighborhoods of Vailsburg, Ivy Hill, West Side, Fairmount and Lower Roseville. It is home to the historic Fairmount Cemetery. The West Ward, once a predominantly Irish-American, Polish, and Ukrainian neighborhood, is now home to neighborhoods composed primarily of Latinos, African Americans, and Caribbean Americans.[63] The West Ward has struggled in recent years with elevated rates of crime, particularly violent crime.[64]

The South Ward comprises the Weequahic, Clinton Hill, Dayton, and South Broad Valley neighborhoods. The South Ward, once home to residents of predominantly Jewish descent, now has ethnic neighborhoods made up primarily of African Americans and Hispanics. The South Ward is represented by Council Member John Sharpe James. The city's second-largest hospital, Newark Beth Israel Medical Center, can be found in the South Ward, as can 17 public schools, five daycare centers, three branch libraries, one police precinct, a mini precinct, and three fire houses.[65]

The East Ward consists of much of Newark's Downtown commercial district, as well as the Ironbound neighborhood, where much of Newark's industry was in the 19th century. Today, due to the enterprise of its immigrant population, the Ironbound (also known as "Down Neck" and "The Neck")[66] is a destination for shopping, dining, and nightlife.[67] A historically immigrant-dominated section of the city, the Ironbound in recent decades has been termed "Little Portugal" and "Little Brazil" due to its heavily Portuguese and Brazilian population, Newark being home to one of the largest Portuguese speaking communities in the United States. In addition, the East Ward has become home to various Latin Americans, African Americans, and commuters to Manhattan. Public education in the East Ward consists of East Side High School and six elementary schools. The ward is largely composed of densely packed but well maintained housing and streets, primarily large apartment buildings and rowhouses.[56][68][69]

Climate[edit]

Newark lies in the transition between a humid subtropical and humid continental climate (KöppenCfa/Dfa), with cold winters and hot humid summers. The January daily mean is 32.8 °F (0.4 °C),[70] and although temperatures below 10 °F (−12 °C) are to be expected in most years,[71] sub-0 °F (−18 °C) readings are rare; conversely, some days may warm up to 50 °F (10 °C). The average seasonal snowfall is 31.5 inches (80 cm), though variations in weather patterns may bring sparse snowfall in some years and several major nor'easters in others, with the heaviest 24-hour fall of 25.9 inches (66 cm) occurring on December 26, 1947.[70] Spring and autumn in the area are generally unstable yet mild. The July daily mean is 78.2 °F (25.7 °C), and highs exceed 90 °F (32 °C) on an average 28.3 days per year,[70] not factoring in the often higher heat index. Precipitation is evenly distributed throughout the year with the summer months being the wettest and fall months being the driest.

The city receives precipitation ranging from 2.9 to 4.6 inches (74 to 117 mm) per month, usually falling on 8 to 12 days per month. Extreme temperatures have ranged from −14 °F (−26 °C) on February 9, 1934 to 108 °F (42 °C) on July 22, 2011.[70] The January freezing isotherm that separates Newark into Dfa and Cfa zones approximates the NJ Turnpike.

Climate data for Newark, New Jersey (Newark Liberty Int'l), 1991–2020 normals, extremes 1931–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 74
(23)
80
(27)
89
(32)
97
(36)
99
(37)
103
(39)
108
(42)
105
(41)
105
(41)
96
(36)
85
(29)
76
(24)
108
(42)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 62
(17)
63
(17)
72
(22)
84
(29)
91
(33)
96
(36)
99
(37)
96
(36)
91
(33)
82
(28)
72
(22)
64
(18)
100
(38)
Average high °F (°C) 40.0
(4.4)
43.0
(6.1)
50.9
(10.5)
62.6
(17.0)
72.6
(22.6)
81.8
(27.7)
86.9
(30.5)
84.7
(29.3)
77.7
(25.4)
66.0
(18.9)
54.9
(12.7)
44.8
(7.1)
63.8
(17.7)
Daily mean °F (°C) 32.8
(0.4)
35.1
(1.7)
42.5
(5.8)
53.3
(11.8)
63.3
(17.4)
72.7
(22.6)
78.2
(25.7)
76.4
(24.7)
69.2
(20.7)
57.5
(14.2)
47.0
(8.3)
38.0
(3.3)
55.5
(13.1)
Average low °F (°C) 25.5
(−3.6)
27.2
(−2.7)
34.2
(1.2)
44.1
(6.7)
53.9
(12.2)
63.6
(17.6)
69.4
(20.8)
68.0
(20.0)
60.7
(15.9)
49.0
(9.4)
39.0
(3.9)
31.2
(−0.4)
47.1
(8.4)
Mean minimum °F (°C) 9
(−13)
12
(−11)
19
(−7)
32
(0)
43
(6)
53
(12)
62
(17)
59
(15)
48
(9)
36
(2)
26
(−3)
17
(−8)
7
(−14)
Record low °F (°C) −8
(−22)
−14
(−26)
6
(−14)
16
(−9)
33
(1)
41
(5)
51
(11)
45
(7)
35
(2)
25
(−4)
12
(−11)
−8
(−22)
−14
(−26)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.42
(87)
2.98
(76)
4.13
(105)
3.87
(98)
3.97
(101)
4.34
(110)
4.66
(118)
4.15
(105)
3.82
(97)
3.79
(96)
3.33
(85)
4.14
(105)
46.60
(1,184)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 9.1
(23)
10.1
(26)
5.6
(14)
0.5
(1.3)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.2
(0.51)
0.6
(1.5)
5.4
(14)
31.5
(80)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)10.6 10.0 10.9 11.5 11.4 10.9 10.0 9.8 8.7 9.4 8.8 11.1 123.1
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)4.6 3.8 2.7 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 2.8 14.5
Average ultraviolet index2 3 4 6 7 8 8 8 6 4 2 1 5
Source 1: NOAA[70][72]
Source 2: Weather Atlas (UV)[73]
Climate data for Newark
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average sea temperature °F (°C) 41.7
(5.4)
39.7
(4.3)
40.2
(4.5)
45.1
(7.3)
52.5
(11.4)
64.5
(18.1)
72.1
(22.3)
74.1
(23.4)
70.1
(21.2)
63.0
(17.3)
54.3
(12.4)
47.2
(8.4)
55.4
(13.0)
Source: Weather Atlas[73]

Demographics[edit]

Newark, New Jersey
CensusPop.
18108,008*
18206,507*−18.7%
183010,95368.3%
184017,290*57.9%
185038,894125.0%
186071,94185.0%
1870105,05946.0%
1880136,50829.9%
1890181,83033.2%
1900246,07035.3%
1910347,469*41.2%
1920414,52419.3%
1930442,337*6.7%
1940429,760−2.8%
1950438,7762.1%
1960405,220−7.6%
1970381,930−5.7%
1980329,248−13.8%
1990275,221−16.4%
2000273,546−0.6%
2010277,1401.3%
2020311,54912.4%
Population sources: 1810–1920[74]
1810–1910[75] 1840[76] 1850–1870[77]
1850[78] 1870[79] 1880–1890[80]
1890–1910[81] 1840–1930[82]
1930–1990[83] 2000[84][85] 2010[11][13][14][86]
* = Territory change in previous decade.[38]
Population density and elevation above sea level in Greater NYC, U.S. (2010). Newark is especially vulnerable to sea level rise.

Newark had a U.S. Census Bureau-tabulated population of 311,549 in 2020,[2] making it the 62nd-most populous municipality in the United States,[16] after being ranked 67th in 2010 and 63rd in 2000.[17][87][14]

From 2000 to 2010, the increase of 3,594 inhabitants (+1.3%) from the 273,546 counted in the 2000 U.S. census marked the second census in 70 years in which the city's population had grown from the previous enumeration.[11][12][13][88][89] This trend continued in 2020, where Newark had an increase of 34,409 (12.4%) from the 277,140 counted in the 2010 U.S. census, the largest percent increase in 100 years.

After reaching a peak of 442,337 residents counted in the 1930 census, and a post-war population of 438,776 in 1950, the city's population saw a decline of nearly 40% as residents moved to surrounding suburbs. White flight from Newark to the suburbs started in the 1940s and accelerated in the 1960s, due in part to the construction of the Interstate Highway System.[90] The 1967 riots resulted in a significant population loss of the city's middle class, many of them Jewish, which continued from the 1970s through to the 1990s.[91] The city lost about 130,000 residents between 1960 and 1990.

At the 2018 estimates there were 114,061 housing units and 101,689 households.[92] Approximately 61,667 families lived in the city. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.45. The median household income was $37,642 and the mean income was $53,587.[93]

At the 2010 census, there were 91,414 households, and 62,239 families in Newark. There were 108,907 housing units at an average density of 4,552.5 per square mile (1,757 square kilometers).[32] In 2000, there were there were 273,546 people, 91,382 households, and 61,956 families residing in the city. The population density was 11,495.0 per square mile (4,437.7/km²). There were 100,141 housing units at an average density of 4,208.1 per square mile (1,624.6//km²).[23]

The U.S. Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $35,659 (with a margin of error of +/- $1,009) and the median family income was $41,684 (+/- $1,116). Males had a median income of $34,350 (+/- $1,015) versus $32,865 (+/- $973) for females. The per capita income for the township was $17,367 (+/- $364). About 22% of families and 25% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.9% of those under age 18 and 22.4% of those age 65 or over.[94]

The median income for a household in 2000 was $26,913, and the median income for a family was $30,781. Males had a median income of $29,748 versus $25,734 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,009. 28.4% of the population and 25.5% of families were below the poverty line. 36.6% of those under the age of 18 and 24.1% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line. The city's unemployment rate was 8.5%.[84][85]

Race and ethnicity[edit]

Newark is the second-most racially diverse city in New Jersey after Jersey City. From the 1950s to 1967, Newark's non-Hispanic white population shrank from 363,000 to 158,000; its black population grew from 70,000 to 220,000.[97] The percentage of non-Hispanic whites declined from 82.8% in 1950 to 11.6% by 2010.[96][98] The percentage of Latinos and Hispanics in Newark grew between 1980 and 2010, from 18.6% to 33.8% while that of Blacks and African Americans decreased from 58.2% to 52.4%.[99][100][101][102]

At the American Community Survey's 2018 estimates, non-Hispanic whites made up 8.9% of the population. Black or African Americans were 47.0% of the population, Asian Americans were 2.1%, some other race 1.6%, and multiracial Americans 1.1%. Hispanics or Latinos of any race made up 39.2% of the city's population in 2018.[103]

In 2010, 35.74% of the population was white, 58.86% African American, 3.99% Native American or Alaska Native, 2.19% Asian, .01% Pacific Islander, 10.4% from other races, and 10.95% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race made up 33.39% of the population at the 2010 U.S. census.[32]

The racial makeup of the city in 2000 was 53.46% (146,250) black or African American, 26.52% (72,537) white, 1.19% (3,263) Asian, 0.37% (1,005) Native American, 0.05% (135) Pacific Islander, 14.05% (38,430) from other races, and 4.36% (11,926) from two or more races. 29.47% (80,622) of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[84][85] 49.2% of the city's 80,622 residents who identified themselves as Hispanic or Latino were from Puerto Rico, while 9.4% were from Ecuador and 7.8% from the Dominican Republic.[104] There is a significant Portuguese-speaking community concentrated in the Ironbound district. 2000 census data showed that Newark had 15,801 residents of Portuguese ancestry (5.8% of the population), while an additional 5,805 (2.1% of the total) were of Brazilian ancestry.[105]

In advance of the 2000 United States census, city officials made a push to get residents to respond and participate in the enumeration, citing calculations by city officials that as many as 30,000 people were not reflected in estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau, which resulted in the loss of government aid and political representation.[106] It is believed that heavily immigrant areas of Newark were significantly undercounted in the 2010 census, especially in the East Ward. Many households refused to participate in the census, with immigrants often reluctant to submit census forms because they believed that the information could be used to justify their deportation.[107]

Religion[edit]

Roughly 60% of Newarkers identified with a religion as of 2020.[108]

The largest Christian group in Newark is the Catholic Church (34.3%), followed by Baptists (5.2%). The city's Catholic population are divided into Latin and Eastern Catholics. The Latin Church-based Archdiocese of Newark, serving Bergen, Essex, Hudson and Union counties, is headquartered in the city. Its episcopal see is the Cathedral Basilica of the Sacred Heart. Eastern Catholics in the area are primarily served by the Syriac Catholic Eparchy of Our Lady of Deliverance of Newark, an eparchy of the Syriac Catholic Church. Baptist churches in Newark are affiliated with the American Baptist Churches USA,[109]Progressive National Baptist Convention, the National Baptist Convention of America, and National Baptist Convention, USA, Inc.

Following, 2.4% identified with Methodism and the United Methodist Church and African Methodist Episcopal and AME Zion churches.[110][111] 1.6% of Christian Newarkers are Presbyterian and 1.3% identified as Pentecostal. The Presbyterian community is dominated by the Presbyterian Church (USA) and Presbyterian Church in America.[112][113] The Pentecostal community is dominated by the Church of God in Christ and Assemblies of God USA.[114]

0.9% of Christians in the city and nearby suburbs identify as Anglican or Episcopalian. Most are served by the Newark Diocese of the Episcopal Church in the United States. The remainder identified with Continuing Anglican or Evangelical Episcopal bodies including the Reformed Episcopal Church and Anglican Church in North America. ACNA and REC-affiliated churches form the Diocese of the Northeast and Mid-Atlantic.

0.6% of Christians are members of the Latter Day Saint movement, followed by Lutherans (0.2%). 3.0% of the city's Christian populace were of other Christian denominations including the Eastern and Oriental Orthodox churches,[115][116]Independent sacramental churches, the Jehovah's Witnesses,[117]non-denominational Protestants, and the United Church of Christ.[118] The largest Eastern Orthodox jurisdictions in Newark include the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America (Ecumenical Patriarchate) and Diocese of New York and New Jersey (Orthodox Church in America). The largest Oriental Orthodox bodies include the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria and Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church.

Judaism and Islam were tied as the second largest religious community (3.0%). Up to 1967, Jewish Americans formed a substantial portion of the middle class. As of 2020, Orthodox, Conservative, and Reform Judaism were the most prevalent denominations affiliated with in Newark and suburban communities. Sunni, Shia, and Ahmadiyya Muslims are the largest Islamic denominational demographic, though some Muslims in the area may be Quranists. Most Sunni mosques are members of the Islamic Society of North America. The Nation of Islam had a former mosque in Newark presided by Louis Farrakhan.

A little over 1.2% practiced an eastern religion including Sikhism, Hinduism, and Buddhism. There are at least 10 Hindu temples in Newark's surrounding area.[119] The remainder of Newark was spiritual but not religious, agnostic, deistic, or atheist, though some Newarkers identified with neo-pagan religions including Wicca and other smaller new religious movements. There is one Wiccan group in the city.[120] Devotees of Santa Muerte are also in the city. Followers of afrodiasporic religions live in the city and surrounding area, primarily practicing Haitian Vodou or Santeria.

Economy[edit]

Downtown Newark at sunset

More than 100,000 people commute to Newark each workday,[121] making it the state's largest employment center with many white-collar jobs in insurance, finance, import-export, healthcare, and government.[122] As a major courthouse venue including federal, state, and county facilities, it is home to more than 1,000 law firms. The city is also a college town, with nearly 50,000 students attending the city's universities and medical and law schools.[123][124] Its airport, maritime port, rail facilities, and highway network make Newark the busiest transshipment hub on the U.S. East Coast in terms of volume.[125][126]

Though Newark is not the industrial colossus of the past, the city does have a considerable amount of industry and light manufacturing.[127] The southern portion of the Ironbound, also known as the Industrial Meadowlands, has seen many factories built since World War II, including a large Anheuser-Busch brewery that opened in 1951 and distributed 7.5 million barrels of beer in 2007. Grain comes into the facility by rail.[128] The service industry is also growing rapidly, replacing those in the manufacturing industry, which was once Newark's primary economy. In addition, transportation has become a large business in Newark, accounting for more than 17,000 jobs in 2011.[129]

Newark is the third-largest insurance center in the United States, behind New York City and Hartford, Connecticut.[130]Prudential Financial, Mutual Benefit Life, Fireman's Insurance, and American Insurance Company all originated in the city, while Prudential still has its home office in Newark.[131] Many other companies are headquartered in the city, including IDT Corporation, NJ Transit, Public Service Enterprise Group (PSEG), Manischewitz, Horizon Blue Cross and Blue Shield of New Jersey,[132][133]Audible.com,[134]Edison Properties, and Panasonic (North America).[135][136]

After the election of Cory Booker as mayor, millions of dollars of public-private partnership investment were made in Downtown development, but persistent underemployment continue to characterize many of the city's neighborhoods.[137][138][139][140][141][142] Poverty remains a consistent problem in Newark. As of 2010, roughly one-third of the city's population was impoverished.[143]

Portions of Newark are part of an Urban Enterprise Zone. The city was selected in 1983 as one of the initial group of 10 zones chosen to participate in the program.[144] In addition to other benefits to encourage employment within the Zone, shoppers can take advantage of a reduced 3.3125% sales tax rate (half of the 6+5⁄8% rate charged statewide) at eligible merchants.[145] Established in January 1986, the city's Urban Enterprise Zone status expires in December 2023.[146]

The UEZ program in Newark and four other original UEZ cities had been allowed to lapse as of January 1, 2017, after Governor Chris Christie, who called the program an "abject failure", vetoed a compromise bill that would have extended the status for two years.[147] In May 2018, Governor Phil Murphy signed a law that reinstated the program in these five cities and extended the expiration date in other zones.[148]

Newark is one of nine cities in New Jersey designated as eligible for Urban Transit Hub Tax Credits by the state's Economic Development Authority. Developers who invest a minimum of $50 million within 0.5 miles of a train station are eligible for pro-rated tax credit.[149][150]

Port Newark[edit]

Main article: Port Newark–Elizabeth Marine Terminal

Port Newark is the part of Port Newark-Elizabeth Marine Terminal and the largest cargo facility in the Port of New York and New Jersey. On Newark Bay, it is run by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey and serves as the principal container ship facility for goods entering and leaving the New York metropolitan area and the northeastern quadrant of North America. The Port moved over $100 billion in goods in 2003, making it the 15th busiest in the world at the time, but was the number one container port as recently as 1985.[151] Plans are underway for billions of dollars of improvements–larger cranes, bigger railyard facilities, deeper channels, and expanded wharves.[152]

Property taxes[edit]

In 2018, the city had an average property tax bill of $6,481, the lowest in the county, compared to an average bill of $12,248 in Essex County and $8,767 statewide.[153][154]

Arts and culture[edit]

Architecture and sculptures[edit]

See also: List of tallest buildings in Newark and National Register of Historic Places listings in Essex County, New Jersey

The base of the Wars of America(1926) monument at Military Park, created by the sculptor of Mount Rushmoreto honor America's war dead. "The design represents a great spearhead. Upon the green field of this spearhead we have placed a Tudor sword, the hilt of which represents the American nation at a crisis, answering the call to arms."-- sculptor Gutzon Borglum

There are several notable Beaux-Arts buildings, such as the Veterans' Administration building, the Newark Museum, the Newark Public Library, and the Cass Gilbert-designed Essex County Courthouse. Notable Art Deco buildings include several 1930s era skyscrapers, such as the National Newark Building and Eleven 80, the restored Newark Penn Station, and Arts High School. Gothic architecture can be found at the Cathedral of the Sacred Heart by Branch Brook Park, which is one of the largest Gothic cathedrals in the United States. It is rumored to have as much stained glass as the Cathedral of Chartres. Newark also has four public works by Mount Rushmore sculptor Gutzon Borglum in Newark, which include Seated Lincoln (1911), Indian and the Puritan (1916), First Landing Party of the Founders of Newark (1916), and Wars of America (1926). Moorish Revival buildings include Newark Symphony Hall and the Prince Street Synagogue, one of the oldest synagogue buildings in New Jersey.[155]

Performing arts[edit]

New Jersey Performing Arts Center

The New Jersey Performing Arts Center, near Military Park, opened in 1997, is the home of the New Jersey Symphony Orchestra and the New Jersey State Opera, The center's programs of national and international music, dance, and theater make it the nation's sixth-largest performing arts center, attracting over 400,000 visitors each year.[156]

Prior to the opening of the performing arts center, Newark Symphony Hall was home to the New Jersey Symphony, the New Jersey State Opera, and the Garden State Ballet, which still maintains an academy there.[157] The 1925 neo-classic building, originally built by the Shriners, has three performance spaces, including the main concert named in honor of famous Newarker Sarah Vaughan, offering rhythm and blues, rap, hip-hop, and gospel music concerts, and is part of the modern-day Chitlin' Circuit.[158]

The Newark Boys Chorus, founded in 1966, performs regularly in the city. The African Globe Theater Works presents a new works seasonally. The biennial Geraldine R. Dodge Poetry Festival took place in Newark for the first time in 2010.[159]

Venues at the universities in the city are also used to present professional and semi-professional theater, dance, and music. Since its opening in 2007, the Prudential Center has presented Diana Ross, Katy Perry, Lady Gaga, Britney Spears, The Eagles, Hannah Montana/Miley Cyrus, Bruce Springsteen, Spice Girls, Jonas Brothers, Metro Station, Metallica, Alicia Keys, Fleetwood Mac, Demi Lovato, David Archuleta, Aerosmith, Taylor Swift, Paul McCartney, and American Idol Live!, among others. The Rolling Stones broadcast their last show on their 50th anniversary tour live on pay-per-view from the arena on December 15, 2012. Bon Jovi performed a series of ten concerts to mark the venue's opening.[160]

In the house music and garage house genres and scene, Newark is known as an innovator. Newark's Club Zanzibar, along with other gay and straight clubs in the 1970s and 80s, was famous as both a gay and straight nightlife destination. Famed DJ Tony Humphries helped "spawn the sometimes raw but always soulful, gospel-infused subgenre" of house music known as the "Jersey sound.[161][162] The club scene also gave rise to the ball culture scene in Newark hotels and nightclubs.[163]

House music producer, DJ and writer Junior Sanchez started making house music in his teens growing up in the Ironbound district.

Brick City club, a dance-oriented electronic music genre, is native to the city.[164]

Museums, libraries, and galleries[edit]

Three buildings of The Newark Museum of Art

The Newark Museum of Art (formerly known as the Newark Museum) is the largest museum in New Jersey. Its art collection is ranked 12 among art museums in North America with highlights on American and Tibetan art.[165] The museum also contains science galleries, a planetarium, a gallery for children's exhibits, a fire museum, a sculpture garden and an 18th-century schoolhouse. Also part of the museum is the historic John Ballantine House, a restored Victorian mansion which is a National Historic Landmark. The museum co-sponsors the Newark Black Film Festival, which has premiered numerous films since its founding in 1974.[166]

The city is also home to the New Jersey Historical Society, which has rotating exhibits on New Jersey and Newark. The Newark Public Library has eight locations.[167] The library houses more than a million volumes and has frequent exhibits on a variety of topics, many featuring items from its Fine Print and Special Collections.[168] The library also hosts daily programs including ESL classes, yoga classes, arts and crafts, history talks, and more.[169]

Since 1962, Newark has been home to the Institute of Jazz Studies, the world's foremost jazz archives and research libraries.[170] Located in the John Cotton Dana Library at Rutgers-Newark, the Institute houses more than 200,000 jazz recordings in all commercially available formats, more than 6,000 monograph titles, including discographies, biographies, history and criticism, published music, film and video; over 600 periodicals and serials, dating back to the early 20th century; and one of the country's most comprehensive jazz oral history collections, featuring more than 150 jazz oral histories, most with typed transcripts.[171]

Congregation Ahavas Sholom
Congregation Ahavas Sholom

On December 9, 2007, the Jewish Museum of New Jersey at 145 Broadway in the Broadway neighborhood, held its grand opening.[172] The museum is dedicated to the cultural heritage of New Jersey's Jewish people. The museum is housed at Ahavas Sholom, the last continually operating synagogue in Newark.[173][174] By the 1950s there were 50 synagogues in Newark serving a Jewish population of 70,000 to 80,000, once the sixth-largest Jewish community in the United States.[175][176]

The Grammy Museum Experience is an interactive, experiential museum devoted to the history and winners of the Grammy Awards which opened at the Prudential Center on October 20, 2017.

Newark is also home to numerous art galleries including the Paul Robeson Galleries at Rutgers University–Newark,[177] as well as Aljira, a Center for Contemporary Art, City Without Walls, Gallery Aferro and Sumei Arts Center.[178]

Newark Murals[edit]

Since 2009, the Newark Planning Office, in collaboration with local arts organizations, has sponsored Newark Murals, and seen the creation of dozens of outdoor murals about significant people, places, and events in the city.[179]

The Portraits mural, a massive multi-artist painting the length of 25 football fields created in 2016, is the longest continuous mural on the East Coast, and the second longest in the country.[180] Seventeen artists contributed sections to the mural, including Adrienne Wheeler, Akintola Hanif, David Oquendo, Don Rimx, El Decertor, GAIA, GERA, Kevin Darmanie, Khari Johnson-Ricks, Lunar New Year, Manuel Acevedo, Mata Ruda, Nanook, Nina Chanel Abney, Sonni, Tatyana Fazlalizadeh, WERC and Zeh Palito.[181] "Portraits" begins roughly at the intersection of Pointer Street and McCarter Highway in the South Ironbound district and stretches northwards 1.39 miles (2.24 km) along the century-old stone walls supporting the Northeast Corridor and PATH tracks facing Newark's McCarter Highway (New Jersey Route 21).[182]

Festivals and parades[edit]

Festivals and parades held annually or bi-annually include the Cherry Blossom Festival (April) in Branch Brook Park, the Portugal Day Festival (June) in the Ironbound, the McDonald's Gospelfest (spring) at Prudential Center, the Lincoln Park Music Festival (July)[183] at Lincoln Park, the Newark Black Film Festival (summer) and Paul Robeson Awards (biennial),[166] the Geraldine R. Dodge Poetry Festival (October, biennial) at various venues and the citywide Open Doors (October),[184] the Afro Beat Fest (July) at Military Park,[185] and the James Moody Jazz Festival, named for James Moody, the jazz artist raised in Newark (week-long event in November).[186]St. Lucy's Church, a historically Italian parish in what was Newark's Little Italy, features an annual October procession and festival for St. Gerard Majella. Our Lady of Mt Carmel in the Ironbound hosts its annual Italian Street Festival every July.

Parks and recreation[edit]

Colonial commons[edit]

Wars Of Americaby Mt. Rushmore sculptor Gutzon Borglum in Military Park
  • Military Park in Downtown Newark, the town commons since 1869 and home to the Wars of America sculpture by Mt.Rushmore sculptor Gutzon Borglum and the casual restaurant, Burg.[187] As of 2018, the park is privately operated. Managed by a nonprofit corporation, the Military Park Partnership, which is staffed by Dan Biederman and Biederman Redevelopment Ventures, credited with transforming Manhattan's Bryant Park. The Military Park Partnership manages the programs, events, operations, security, and horticulture of the park.
  • Lincoln Park in the Arts District, one of three original colonial-era commons in Newark. From the 1920s to the 1950s, Lincoln Park was at the southern end of Newark's jazz and nightlife strip known as "The Coast."
  • Washington Park, the northernmost of the three original colonial-era commons in Newark. Philip Roth's narrator in Goodbye, Columbus visits the park, saying "Sitting there in the park, I felt a deep knowledge of Newark, an attachment so rooted that it could not help but branch out into affection."[188]

Passaic River waterfront[edit]

Other parks[edit]

Branch Brook Park in the North Ward of Newark
  • Branch Brook Park, home to Newark's annual Cherry Blossom Festival and the largest collection of cherry blossom trees in the United States. It also features a lake. Designed by the Olmsted Brothers firm, who were the sons of landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted. It is a county park run by the Essex County Park System.[196]
  • Weequahic Park located in the South Ward in the formerly heavily Jewish Weequahic neighborhood. It features Weequahic Lake, the largest lake in Essex County. Author Philip Roth describes the park in his historical fantasy novel The Plot Against America (2004). Weequahic is a county park in Newark that is maintained by the Essex County Park System. The non-profit Weequahic Park Sports Authority helps maintain the park.[197][198]
  • Independence Park, in the Ironbound district.[199][200] Our Lady of Mt. Carmel, the Ironbound's first Italian parish, faces the park. The church holds an annual July pageant and processional where a statue of the Virgin Mary is carried through the streets.[201]
  • Ivy Hill Park in Ivy Hill[202][203]
  • Jesse Allen Park, in the Central Ward. The 8-acre (3.2 ha) Jesse Allen Park is Newark's second-largest city-owned park. It is located near several schools and youth facilities, including a well-liked Boys & Girls Club of Newark facility. As of 2017, it offered new amenities including new sports fields, skateboarding, basketball, Fitness Zone exercise stations, a water play spray area, and climate-resilient garden features.[204]
  • The Greater Newark Conservancy maintains the Judith L. Shipley Urban Environmental Center,[205][206] and the Prudential Outdoor Learning Center.[207][208] It offers urban farming and gardening displays and instruction and also includes a small pond.
  • Mulberry Commons is a park between Prudential Center and Penn Station near what was once the heart of Newark's Chinatown.[209]
  • Nat Turner Park. Dedicated in July 2009, Newark's largest city-owned park is located in the Central Ward. It is named for the famous 19th-century American slave rebellion leader, Nat Turner.[210]
  • Vailsburg Park, covering 30.32 acres (12.27 ha), is in the Vailsburg neighborhood.[211]
  • Veterans Memorial Park is a county park operated by the Essex County Park System.[212]
  • West Side Park is a 30.36-acre (12.29 ha) park in the West Side neighborhood.[213][214]

Golf and other recreational facilities[edit]

Media[edit]

Newark is within the metro New York media market.[221]

Newspapers[edit]

The state's leading newspaper, The Star-Ledger, owned by Advance Publications, is based in Newark. The newspaper sold its headquarters in July 2014, with the offices of the publisher, the editorial board, columnists, and magazine relocating to the Gateway Center.[222]The Newark Targum is a weekly student newspaper published by the Targum Publishing Company for the student population of the Newark campus of Rutgers University.

Radio[edit]

With a studio on the 6th floor and showy antenna on the roof, Bamberger's launched WOR to sell more radios.

Pioneer radio station WOR was started by Bamberger Broadcasting Service in 1922 and broadcast from studios at its retailer's downtown department store. Today the building serves telecom, colocation, and computer support industries.[223]

Radio station WJZ (now WABC) made its first broadcast in 1921 from the Westinghouse plant near Broad Street Station. It moved to New York City in the 1920s. Radio station WNEW-AM (now WBBR) was founded in Newark in 1934 and later moved to New York City. WBGO, a National Public Radio affiliate with a format of standard and contemporary jazz, is at 54 Park Place in downtown Newark. WNSW AM-1430 (formerly WNJR) and WQXR (which was formerly WHBI and later WCAA) 105.9 FM are also licensed to Newark.[224]

Digital news outlets[edit]

  • The Newark Times is the premiere online news media platform dedicated to Newark lifestyle, events, and culture.[225]
  • TAP Into Newark is an online news site devoted to Newark[226]
  • Brick City Live is a site focused on Newark lifestyle news and perspectives.[227]
  • Newark Patch is a daily online news source dedicated to local Newark news.[228]
  • NewarkPulse.com brands itself as the most popular Newark-based events and happenings website.[229]
  • The Newark Metro covers metropolitan life from Newark to North Jersey to New York City and is a journalism project at Rutgers Newark.[230]
  • RLS Media covers breaking news from Newark and surrounding municipalities.[231]
  • The City of Newark shares news and events via its official Twitter account.[232]
  • The Pod, developed by Black Owned New Jersey, is a weekly podcast that helps small businesses build, grow & maintain their business.

Telephone[edit]

In 1915, the Bell System under ownership of American Telephone and Telegraph Company (AT&T) tested newly developed panel switching technology in Newark when they cutover the telephone exchangesMulberry and Waverly to semi-mechanical operation on January 16 and June 12, respectively. The Panel system was the Bell System solution to the big city problem, where an exchange had to serve large numbers of subscribers on both manual as well as automatically switched central offices, without negatively impacting established user convenience and reliability. As originally introduced in these exchanges, subscribers' telephones had no dials and customers continued to make calls by asking an operator to ring their called party, at which point the operator keyed the telephone number into the panel equipment, instead of making cord connections manually.[233]

Most Panel installations across the country were replaced by modern systems during the 1970s and the last Panel switch was decommissioned in the BIgelow central office in Newark in 1983.[234]

Television[edit]

New Jersey's first television station, WATV Channel 13, signed-on May 15, 1948, from studios at the Mosque Theater known as the "Television Center Newark." The studios were home to WNTA-13 beginning in 1958 and WNJU-47 until 1989.[235]

WNET, a flagship station of the Public Broadcasting Service now on channel 13, and Spanish-language WFUT-TV Channel 68, a UniMásowned-and-operated station, are licensed to Newark. Tempo Networks, producing for the pan-Caribbean television market, is based in the city.[236] NwkTV has been the city's government access channel since 2009 and broadcast as Channel 78 on Optimum.[237][238] The company has a high-tech call center in Newark, employing over 500 people. PBS network NJTV's main broadcasting studios (NJTV is also a sister station of the Newark-licensed WNET) are also in the Gateway Center Office Complex.[239]

Film[edit]

Film production in Newark, 2004

Numerous movies, television programs, and music videos have been shot in Newark, its period architecture and its streetscape seen as an ideal "urban setting". The Jersey Motion Picture and Television Commission is in the city.[240] In 2011, the city created the Newark Office of Film and Television in order to promote the making of media productions.[241][242] Some months earlier the Ironbound Film & Television Studios, the only "stay and shoot" facility in the metro area opened, its first production being Bar Karma.[243] In 2012 the city hosted the seventh season of the reality show competition America's Got Talent.[244]

There have been several film and TV productions depicting life in Newark. Life of Crime was originally produced in 1988 and was followed by a 1998 sequel.[245]New Jersey Drive is a 1995 film about the city when it was considered the "car theft capital of the world".[246]Street Fight is an Academy Award-nominated documentary film which covered the 2002 mayoral election between incumbent Sharpe James and challenger Cory Booker. In 2009, the Sundance Channel aired Brick City, a five-part television documentary about Newark, focusing on the community's attempt to become a better and safer place to live, against a history of nearly a half century of violence, poverty and official corruption. The second season premiered January 30, 2011.[247]Revolution '67 is a documentary which examines the causes and events of the 1967 Newark riots. The HBO television series The Sopranos filmed many of its scenes in Newark, and is partially based on the life of Newark mobster Richard Boiardo.[248][249]The Once and Future Newark (2006) is a documentary travelogue about places of cultural, social and historical significance by Rutgers History Professor Clement Price.[250] Also:

The Newark International Film Festival is an annual event that hosts screenings, workshops and stunt exhibitions in Newark since 2015.[255]

Sports[edit]

See also: Sports in Newark, New Jersey

Newark has hosted many teams, though much of the time without an MLB, NBA, NHL, or NFL team in the city proper. Currently, the city is home to just one, the NHL's New Jersey Devils. As the second largest city in the New York metropolitan area Newark is part of the regional professional sports and media markets.[221][256][257]

Two venues in the northeastern New Jersey metro region are in Downtown Newark: Prudential Center, a multi-purpose indoor arena designed by HOK Sport that opened in October 2007 with a Bon Jovi concert and a hockey game.[258] Known as "The Rock", the arena is the home of the National Hockey League's New Jersey Devils and the NCAA's Seton Hall Pirates men's basketball team, seating 18,711 for basketball and 16,514 for hockey.[259]Riverfront Stadium was a 6,200-seat baseball park that was home to the baseball teams of the Rutgers-Newark Scarlet Raiders, who play in the New Jersey Athletic Conference as part of NCAA Division III, and the NJIT Highlanders, who play in the Atlantic Sun Conference as part of NCAA Division I. The stadium opened in July 1999 as the home of the Newark Bears, who played in the stadium until the team folded in 2014.[260] The site of the stadium was sold in March 2016 to a developer who plans a mixed-use residential high rise project.[261]

Red Bull Arena, home of the New York Red Bulls of Major League Soccer, opened in 2010 just across the Passaic River in Harrison.[262] The home of NFL football teams Giants and Jets MetLife Stadium is less than 10 miles (16 km) from Downtown and can be reached with the Meadowlands Rail Line via Newark Penn Station or Broad Street Station.[263]

Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Newark,_New_Jersey

ARK Reveals New Map Lost Islands & 3 Dinos – Tamriel from Elder Scrolls

Wildcard has announced a new map for ARK: Survival Evolved in the current Community Crunch 274, which they will officially take over from a community mod. Lost Island is the name of the map, which is based on The Elder Scrolls’ Tamriel and brings three new dinosaurs with it.

That’s going on: The new Community Crunch 274 is again offering the ARK community a lot to marvel at. Wildcard has chosen another mod map that they will officially integrate into the game. So console gamers also have the opportunity to enjoy such a map. Lost Island is the name of this mod map and brings with it three new creatures, one of which is already known.

Lost Island becomes the official ARK map

This is Lost Island: Lost Island is originally a mod map from the ARK community that you can already play on the PC. With almost 40,000 views and over 7,000 downloads, Lost Island is not one of the top mods, but it can be seen as a map. Wildcard has recognized this and is now bringing it into play as an official, free map.

ARK-Lost-Island

The map is 150km² and offers various biomes. A preliminary map shows what the finished island will look like. It is still unclear whether the map also has this division in the official version. Wildcard likes to crop mod maps so that they run smoothly on the consoles.

If you look closely, you will see that the new Ark Map Lost Island is a replica of the world of Tamriel from The Elder Scrolls.

ark-lost-island-tamriel-map
Lost-Island-Map

The following areas are originally planned:

  • Underwater
  • Redwood forest
  • Valley of Waterfalls
  • Winter biome
  • Volcano biome
  • Steppe biome
  • Desert biome
  • Swamp biome
  • Tropical jungle
  • Various caves
  • Aberration biome

However, we doubt that by the time of the official release, which is planned for this year, everything would be ready and Wildcard will decide to delete some areas.

Three new dinosaurs for ARK – This is the Armagasaurus

With Lost Island, three new dinosaurs appear in ARK, all of which have a real role model. One should have been explicitly a community request. The developers have already presented one of the three, the Amargasaurus.

This is the Armagasaurus: The Armagasaurus is a spiky member of the sauropods that you can tame. In contrast to most sauropods, the Armagasaurus is very aggressive and attacks both dinosaurs and humans. The spikes can be repelled to create heat waves that melt the armor of opposing players.

ARK-Amargasaurus

The Amargasaurus dinosaur dossier contains the following details:

Wild

“Of all the creatures in the sauropod family, Amargasaurus titanicus is likely the most unique looking. It sports two parallel rows of dorsal spines down the length of its neck, back, and tail–though the neck spines are significantly longer than the back or tail spines.  These spines are a remarkable adaptation, giving Amargasaurus unmatched control of its body temperature. Made even more incredible by their time on ARKs, these spines store both extreme heat AND extreme cold, effectively allowing Amargasaurus to live comfortably in any environment. Its sails also make it an abnormally capable swimmer, for a sauropod.”

“Unlike most sauropods, Amargasaurus is very prone to violence, attacking most predators (and humans!) on sight. I suspect this behavior developed alongside the dangerous spines it uses as weapons.”

Domesticated

“Once finally tamed, it’s no surprise that Amargasaurus’ spines are its best feature. If removed early, their thermal storage becomes erratic, which is perfect for catalyzing sap development in many trees.”

“Some tribes, of course, adapted this thermal quirk for combat. By having Amargasaurus eject a spine before it sheds naturally, the freezing/warming waves that emanate from the spike play havoc with armor in the area. Interestingly, simple armor is barely affected, while more complex armor is more heavily affected.”

When will Lost Island and the Dinos appear? A fixed release period is not yet known. The developers are cautious about saying “Later this year”. However, Wildcard is notorious for rescheduling release dates a couple of times. We will keep you up to date on this!

Sours: https://guided.news/en/gaming/ark-announces-mod-map-lost-islands-brings-3-new-dinos/
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Ark: Survival Evolved - Explore the Lost Island Soon

Ark: Survival Evolved is a game where players must survive on a mysterious island. A new DLC is coming to the game which, once again, tests their survival skills. The Lost Island is a 150-square kilometer map that offers new biomes and new challenges. There are even mysterious ruins for players to explore.

In addition to a new map, three new real-world creatures are introduced. One of these is the Amargasaurus, which we’ll take a closer look at in a while. The Lost Island DLC is arriving later this year free to all players.

Aggressive and Spiny

One of the features of the game is having players tame dinosaurs. Once tamed, they can issue commands and even ride them. For the Lost Island , one of the new dinosaurs is none other than the Amargasaurus titanicus, a member of the sauropod family, with two parallel rows of dorsal spines running on its back.

The spines aren’t just there for show, for they help control body temperature, letting Amargasaurus live comfortably in extreme heat and extreme cold. The same spines aid in swimming, and of course, serve as natural weapons.

It’s going to be easy to tame though. That’s because compared to other sauropods, this is more prone to violence. However, for those who can tame them, they’ll also discover that the spine is its best feature. If removed early, the thermal storage of the spines becomes erratic. This makes it perfect for catalyzing sap development present in many trees.

It can also be used in battle. The warming/freezing waves that come out of the spike can affect armor. But do take note that it's more effective against heavily complex armor.

Rule Update

Besides a new DLC, developer Studio Wildcard also revealed a small update to its Code of Conduct. Under the rules, Game Blocking is not allowed. This is where players block other tribes from playing the game on PvE servers.

One way to do this is blocking access to important resources, such as charge nodes, Extinction City Terminals, Orbital supply crates on Extinction, and Mission Terminals. The small update now adds Teleporters and Dispatchers to that list.

Ark: Survival Evolved is available on PC, PlayStation 4, and Xbox One.

Sours: https://www.player.one/lost-island-ark-survival-evolved-140933

About this Collection

This collection contains Newark Maps that document the history and evolution of this city. The library has more maps in its collections in the Charles F. Cummings New Jersey Information Center (most Newark maps are here), which are open for public view (e-mail [email protected], as many non-Newark maps and geological surveys are held offsite).

Since 1666 the city of Newark has continued to grow and change, as seen in these maps.

Key Maps

If you have trouble navigating these maps in book mode, especially atlases, click the PAGES tab, and load the page you want!

Newark Atlases:1868, 1873, 1889, 1901, 1911-1912: vol. 1 & vol. 2, 1926-1927: vol. 1, vol. 2, vol. 3

Essex County Atlases:1906

Newark Maps: 1666, 1806, 1809, 1836, 1840 (incl. NYC), 1850, 1860 (inc. Northern NJ), 1860 (incl. West Orange), 1863, 1873, 1880, 1889 (incl. Essex County), 1901, 1911 (nationality map), 1922 (parks), 1937, 1940, 1953, 1956, 1965, 1972, 1993, 1996, 2000, 2002, 2007 (downtown)

Ward Maps:1908, 1913, 1933-34, 1944, 1953/54, 1962, 1969, 1973, 1982, 1986-1988, 1991-1992, 2001, 2012

Aerial views of Newark are here [different collection]: 1820, 1847, 1857, 1860, 1874, 1913, 1916, 1932, 1957

Sours: https://digital.npl.org/islandora/object/newarkmaps%3Amaps

Ark map new

Ark: Survival Evolved's new map, dinosaur and anniversary event launch today

Ark: Survival Evolved is celebrating its fifth anniversary today with a huge update featuring a new map, new dinosaur, and, most importantly, "party dodos".

The new update will launch at 4 pm BST/11 am EDT on PC, and includes the popular community-made mod ISO: Crystal Isles as an official map. Developed by Isolde Gaming, Lillian and iSPEZZ, the map boasts fantastical and varied scenery, including floating islands and lava reefs. You'll also be able to tame a unique crystal-themed variant of the Wyvern.

Outside of the Crystal Isles, the update will introduce the Tropeognathus, a colourful flying dinosaur. Studio Wildcard has said that, while it won't be the fastest flyer in the game, it will be able to increase its distance by riding the currents left by other creatures. When domesticated, it'll be a fierce aerial combatant, and its teeth can even be used to deconstruct items to their components. It's like the Flintstones, only more hardcore.

As for the anniversary event, Studio Wildcard has only hinted at "Party dodos, interactive cakes, new chibis & surprises, and dazzling unicorns frolicking on rainbows". To be entirely honest, you had me at 'party dodo'.

Although Ark launched on June 4, 2015, the ongoing anti-racism protests across the world sparked Studio Wildcard to delay the launch of both the update and the anniversary event to today out of respect.

Sours: https://www.pcgamer.com/ark-survival-evolveds-new-map-dinosaur-and-anniversary-event-launch-today/
ARK Lost Island Map Release date NEW Information

ARK Genesis Part 2: Release Date, Locations, New Creatures, Leaks, Trailers and Everything We Know

ARK: Genesis Part 2 is now live and available on Steam, Epic Games Store, Xbox One, PlayStation 4, and optimized for Xbox Series X/S!

Your quest for ultimate survival is now complete with the launch of ARK: Genesis Part 2! Survivors will conclude the ARK storyline while adventuring through exotic new worlds with all-new mission-based gameplay. Discover, utilize and master new creatures, new craftable items, weapons, and structures unlike anything you have seen yet! The saga is now complete, and hundreds of hours of new story-oriented ARK gameplay await you.

Enjoy playing the new content ARK fans!

Original Story - ARK may be getting a sequel, but the current game continues to be well-supported by Studio Wildcard.

Still, all good things must come to an end, and Genesis: Part 2 will be the final DLC expansion for ARK: Survival Evolved.

Following on from Scorched Earth, Aberration, Extinction and Genesis Part 1, the upcoming expansion looks to be a fitting end to the release cadence.

Here's all we know, including its release date, new starter area, and new creatures.

Read More: ARK 2 Game: Release Date, Vin Diesel Involvement, And Everything We Know About Survival Evolved Sequel

ARK Genesis: Part 2 Release Time

June 3, 1PM BST: Another update from Dollie the Product Manager on ARK.

"We're doing final preparations to get the servers online. You'll start to see downloads. Once we are fully online on *every* network, I'll unleash Cedric to let you all know via @survivetheark

So it sounds like it might be rolling out for some, potentially in a few territories, but not all.We'll keep our eyes peeled.

We've also just remembered that David Tennant provides the voice for Sir Edmund Rockwell. The hype train has well and truly left the station.

More to follow.

June 3, 2AM BST: Finally an update from the team. As expected the release has been delayed, but only by a few more hours. Writing on Twitter, the team said:

Genesis Part 2 is currently finishing the automated certification process. We expect that process to be complete in the early morning, so we'll be launching simultaneously on all platforms at 8 AM Eastern June 3rd. Thank you for your patience and support. It will be worth it!

For those wondering, that's a simultaneous release on PC and Console at the same time, which should arrive by 1PM BST for those in the UK.

The games Community Manager also relayed the news (side note: be nice to your Community Managers, please). More to follow.

June 2, 2PM BST: and we're still waiting for the launch of ARK Genesis Part 2.

The only official details we can find is a message from the games Product Manager (@NotDollie) on ARK. Writing on Twitter, she said:

"In regards to launch timeframe: We're on track but we'd like to confirm a few things with the build before we broadcast a precise time. We'll let Ced (our CM) know when we're ready to socialise deployment times and he'll share that with y'all"

But this was 12:19 am and so far there's been no further details from Cedric (@ComplexMinded) the community manager.

click to enlarge

ARK Genesis: Part 2 Release Date

For a long while, we'd had no announcements about Genesis Part 2’s official release date, and the DLC expansion pack’s official trailer on YouTube was posted almost 6 months ago. However, it's now been confirmed that Part 2 launches on June 2, and you can find further details here.

This will launch for all platforms, except the Nintendo Switch.

Ark Genesis: Part 2 Delayed

Over the last year, games have been impacted by the lockdowns and other disruptions caused by the recent Coronavirus pandemic.

Wildcard says their focus is on perfecting the game “from a narrative, cinematic, and end-game-wise perspective”. 

For the die-hard Ark fans, this delay is somewhat expected as the last DLC was delayed for around 3 months. 

READ MORE: ARK Genesis 2: Expansion Release Date Delayed

Unfortunately, we still don't have an official release date, but check back here for the latest info! 

ARK Genesis: Part 2 Contents

The expansion is set on a colony ship, and as such will feature plenty of new content for players. It'll also feature David Tennant, with the former Doctor Who actor appearing as Sir Edmund Rockwell.

Locations

There are four new biomes that have been seen so far.

The Eden Zone will be a new starter area for survivors and is filled with rivers and flowing waterfalls. The Tek Trenches act as a bridge between the biomes.

Rockwell's Garden is a new biome which is filled with Rockwell's own eerie and twisted creations. Finally, Rockwell's Innards is the last area in the expansion.

Creatures

Genesis Part 2 will add a series of unique creatures, including the Astrodelphis (we prefer the term "Space Dolphin"), the platypus-looking Maewing, the horrific Noglin, the mystical Shadowmane, and the mechanical Stryder.

Other creatures include the Summoner, Exo-mek, Noglin, and Coidwyrm.

Plenty for you to hunt, then, you monster.

Weapons

Speaking of hunting, the expansion adds a Minigun, Tek Bow, Tek Pistol, and Exo-mek to your survivor's offensive options.

ARK Genesis: Part 2 Trailer

Check out the teaser trailer below:

ARK Genesis: Part 2 Price

The expansion is included in the Genesis season pass, which combines both parts for $34.99.

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"But I knew women too well. Approaching, I took her by the shoulders. There was nothing sexual in this gesture, only friendly support.



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