The Nintendo Switch is a neat bit of hardware, but what if it could do more? Some people mod and install custom firmware on their Switch consoles to install homebrew software. We don’t recommend it, but we’ll explain the process.
Before you rush off to hack your Switch, you should think long and hard about whether the risks are worth it.
Why We Recommend Against Modding
Again, we recommend against modding your Nintendo Switch console. Here are some problems that could occur if you do:
- You could brick your Nintendo Switch, rendering it unusable.
- Nintendo might ban your online account, removing access to all your legitimate purchases.
- Nintendo could ban your Nintendo Switch console from ever connecting to online services.
If you’re still interested in learning about the process of modding a Nintendo Switch to run homebrew software, here’s how people do it.
Why Would You Hack Your Switch?
The process of installing custom firmware on a console, often referred to as hacking or modding, is a lot like performing a jailbreak on an iPhone. The ultimate goal is to install custom firmware on the device that removes the original manufacturer’s restrictions.
In Apple’s case, this allows you to modify and tweak the iOS operating system, install software from unknown sources, and dig around in parts of the system you were never meant to see. The same is true with Nintendo Switch. You’re running a custom version of Nintendo’s firmware. This means, in theory, it should maintain compatibility with first-party games and software while allowing you to use software from sources other than the eShop or a cartridge.
“Homebrew” is a term used to describe user-contributed software. This software allows you to do things Nintendo never sanctioned. The most obvious of these is installing software from unscrupulous sources, including pirated games.
You can install emulators on a modified Switch and play all manner of classic games from early home consoles, handhelds, and arcade cabinets. There are certainly issues with more modern, demanding platforms (like the Dreamcast). However, older platforms, like the SNES and Nintendo DS, work well. There’s even a reliable Switch port of PCSX, an original PlayStation emulator.
Switch modders have ported whole operating systems to the platform, including Ubuntu Linux, a version of Linux called “Lakka,” which focuses on emulation, and a version of Android.
Since modding a console that’s still under active development is very much a cat-and-mouse game, many homebrew apps focus on protecting the Switch from Nintendo’s long arm. This includes apps for backing up and restoring save data, blocking automatic updates, updating your console safely, and making it easier to perform the same jailbreak in the future.
The other reason you might think about modding your Switch is too have fun! If you get a kick out of taking things apart and seeing how they work, this might be for you. Maybe you enjoy the challenge or are interested in making your own homebrew applications.
A Word of Warning
Nintendo Switch modding isn’t for everyone. The majority of Switch owners who simply want to play a few games should avoid doing this entirely. Anyone who doesn’t understand what he or she is doing should also think twice. If you don’t have a good reason to jailbreak, don’t bother.
There’s a small risk that in doing so, you’ll brick your Switch. If you only have one console, it isn’t worth the risk. If you have a second one you won’t mind losing, then at least you’ll still have your “main” Switch if things go wrong.
Unsurprisingly, Nintendo isn’t fond of people installing homebrew on their consoles. Not only does it allow you to pirate games, but it also makes it possible to modify game files for an unfair advantage. For example, you can modify save files to “fix” high-score tables, or install software like emulators (which Nintendo’s been fighting for years). There’s also a chance you could install malicious software since homebrew isn’t vetted by Nintendo.
If Nintendo detects custom firmware on your modified Switch, you could be permanently banned from online services. This has harsh consequences. You won’t be able to access your library of (legitimately purchased) games on the eShop. You also won’t be able to use Nintendo Switch Online anymore. This means you’ll be locked out of matchmaking and online communities in games like Mario Maker 2.
Nintendo has proven it’s prepared to apply hardware bans (blacklisting of a console), as well as account-level bans for various infractions. An account-level ban means you can “start over” and open a new account on the same console, but you’ll lose all your purchases and any associated services. A hardware ban means you can never connect that Nintendo Switch console to online services again.
Even if you do have a second Switch you’re prepared to sacrifice, it’s a good idea to scrub it of any mention of your main Nintendo account before you dip your toes into the homebrew scene.
Is Your Switch Compatible?
Not all Switch consoles can be hacked. In April 2018, a vulnerability was discovered in the custom Tegra X2 chipset used by Nintendo. The issue was acknowledged by NVIDIA, who supplies the chips:
“A person with physical access to older Tegra-based processors could connect to the device’s USB port, bypass the secure boot and execute unverified code.”
The exploit is hardware-based, which means future versions of the Tegra X2 used in the Switch were patched. If you have a Nintendo Switch manufactured after April 2018, there’s a good possibility it can’t be modified.
To find out for sure, you can check the serial number on the bottom edge of the unit near the charging port. Then, cross-reference your serial number with this thread on GBATemp to see if it can be modded. There are three categories: unpatched (exploitable), patched (not exploitable), and possibly patched.
If yours falls under the “possibly patched” category, you’ll have to try the exploit and see if it works.
Nintendo Switch Lite and the slightly updated “Mariko” consoles (released in August 2019) have also been patched, and thus, can’t be used with this exploit. If you do have an original unpatched Switch, you’re in luck! Since this is a hardware exploit (tied to the specific chip used in the console), Nintendo can’t patch it.
Of course, you can also buy a Switch that can be hacked if you don’t already have one. Just use the GBATemp serial thread to cross-reference serial numbers with the patched and unpatched product lines. You can also test a console’s vulnerability without harming it.
If your Switch currently can’t be patched, there’s not much you can do. Keep an eye on the scene, though—hackers are constantly coming up with new exploits. These include hardware modifications, like SX Core and SX Lite, for consoles that can’t be hacked via other methods.
Hacking Your Switch
To hack your Switch, you’ll need the following items:
- An unpatched Nintendo Switch that’s open to exploits
- A microSD card of 64 GB or larger (4 GB will work, but 64 GB is safer)
- An RCM jig or another way to ground pin 10 on the right JoyCon (more on this below)
- A cable to connect your Switch (USB-C) with your computer (USB-A or USB-C) or Android device, if you’re using it.
The best exploit to use is known as “fusee-gelee,” which works with all versions of Switch firmware provided your Switch is exploitable. The other exploits, Nereba and Caffeine, are limited to particular firmware versions.
You can follow the full walkthrough of how to hack your Switch via the NH Switch Guide, with detailed instructions for most operating systems. However, we’ll give you a brief overview of the process below.
This exploit uses the exploitable recovery mode (RCM) included with the Tegra X2. To access this mode, hold down the Volume Up, Power, and Home buttons. This isn’t the Home button on the JoyCon, but rather, the “hidden” hardware Home button.
To do this, you’ll need to ground pin 10 on the right JoyCon rail with an RCM jig. There are several ways you can make an RCM jig, and some are more permanent than others. If you do this incorrectly, it could potentially damage or permanently brick your Switch.
After you enter RCM, you can download Hekate (a custom bootloader) to the root of your MicroSD card and put it in your Switch. Use your preferred device to inject the payload, partition the MicroSD card, and then download and copy your custom firmware.
Next, you’ll want to make a NAND backup and grab your console’s unique keys. These might come in handy if something goes wrong and you have to restore your Switch.
Finally, you can boot into RCM with your RCM jig, inject your payload, and then use Hekate to launch the custom firmware of your choice.
If you follow the NH Switch Guide, you end up with the custom firmware Atmosphere. You’ll see a Homebrew menu and several custom applications, including the following:
- hbappstore: This is a homebrew app store, like Cydia for jailbroken iPhones.
- Checkpoint: A save game manager.
- NX-Shell: A file explorer.
- NXThemeInstaller: This app allows you to install custom themes.
- atmosphere-updater: This app keeps your custom firmware up to date.
Use the “switch” folder on your microSD card to transfer the .NRO homebrew applications you want to use on your Switch.
Remember, this is an untethered jailbreak, which means restarting your Switch as you normally would will return it to its previously unhacked state. You’ll then have to boot into RCM, inject the payload, and then launch your custom firmware to get back into homebrew mode.
Approach with Caution
The Nintendo Switch is entering a golden era. We’re now in the middle of what’s currently expected to be the console’s life cycle, and the Switch is still in hot demand.
While Nintendo has had an explosive first three years, there are still some big first-party exclusives on the horizon, including the sequel to Breath of the Wild, a new Metroid Prime, and the recently-announced Paper Mario: The Origami King.
Once again, risking your Switch at such a prime time in the console’s life cycle doesn’t seem worth it unless you’ve got a spare unit to sacrifice. Even then, you might be better off using a cheap Switch-clone instead. If you’re desperate to mod something, how about the Switch dock, instead?
How to hack your Nintendo switch in 2021: HWFLY and SX Clones, SX, RCM, unpatched vs patched… trying to clear it up for you
More and more people are buying a Nintendo Switch only to realize they cannot easily hack it in 2021. In the guide below I’m trying to clarify what’s doable and what’s not. I’ve tried to be as clear and accurate as possible, but as always feel free to let me know in the comments if anything’s inaccurate or simply wrong!
TL,DR: although it’s technically possible to hack all models of Nintendo Switch as of the time of this writing, if your goal is to hack your recently purchased Switch, your best bet is to resell it and buy an unpatched V1 Switch instead.
4 Categories of Nintendo Switch
You can currently categorize the Nintendo Switch into 4 categories: Original V1 models (a.k.a. Unpatched Erista), Patched V1 (a.k.a. iPatched Erista, or Patched Erista), V2 (a.k.a. Mariko), and Switch Lite. The upcoming Switch pro will add more into the mix, but for now your console falls into one of these 4 categories.
Whether you can hack your console (and how easily) depends on which model you have, and it’s not necessary easy to say at a first glance.
A short history of Nintendo Switch Hacks and Hardware Revisions
in 2018, a hardware hack for the Nintendo Switch was disclosed by hacker Kate Temkin. Because it was a hardware hack on the Console’s NVidia Tegra chip, It allowed to hack all Nintendo Switch consoles at the time, independently of their firmware revision. In response, Nintendo started manufacturing an updated hardware version which did not have the flaw, and that would later be nicknamed “patched V1”, per opposition to the original “unpatched” models. Those patched units started reaching customers’ hands around Summer of 2018. In Summer 2019, Nintendo also released a full fledged hardware revision of the console, which didn’t have the vulnerability either, codenamed Mariko (or V2). In 2019 they also released the Switch Lite, a different form factor of the console, with a patched (not vulnerable to the hack) chip.
Although it is technically possible to hack any Switch on the market currently, doing so on the original, unpatched V1 models is vastly easier and cheaper than the other models.
To rephrase: the only Switch consoles you can easily hack in 2021 are the unpatched V1 models. Everything else is doable but difficult/expensive
Mariko, Erista, Patched, Unpatched… How can I tell which Switch console I have
The only easy thing you can tell at a glance is whether you have a “regular size” switch (the one that can dock to your TV) or a Switch Lite (the portable only version). Once you’ve got that out of the way, if you have a regular-sized Switch, you’ll want to determine if it’s an unpatched V1 (the older models), a patched V1, or a V2.
- My console is the small version that doesn’t plug to a TV: you have a Switch Lite
- My console is the “regular” Switch
- Find the serial number of your console, and head over to https://ismyswitchpatched.com/ . That site will try to tell you if your console is one of the unpatched models. The result is “green” (in which case it’s an unpatched V1 – good), “Red” (it’s either a Patched V1, or a V2. Not good), or “Orange” (not sure which one of the three…not great, really).
Hacking an unpatched V1 Erista Switch
If you’ve got an unpatched V1 Switch, you’re in the easiest category for hacks by far, congratulations! All you’ll need is a tiny dongle which you can find on many retailers. Worst case scenario, a paper clip will do the trick (I’m not making this up). There are countless tutorials on how to hack your unpatched Switch, I find that this one is pretty comprehensive.
Hacking any other Switch model (Patched V1, Patched “Mariko” V2, Switch Lite)
So, long story short, if you don’t have an “unpatched V1” console, hacking your Switch in 2021 is borderline impossible.
Another hacking history: Nintendo Switch modchips
To give a more detailed story, it used to be possible to hack these devices with a modchip, known as “SX Core” and “SX Lite” for the regular and lite Nintendo Switch consoles respectively. But the group behind these modchips (Team Xecuter) have been arrested late last year. Since then the production of these chips has stopped, making them really hard to find, and really expensive.
Recently, some clones of these modchips have surfaced on specialized websites, in particular some Chinese electronics retailers. These go under the names “HWFLY” or “SX Clone”.
However their prices fluctuate between $150 and $200 at the time of this writing, and their compatibility seems to be limited: early reports from some buyers indicate that these modchips are only compatible with Regular sized “V2” models (so, no compatibility with Switch Lite, and no compatibility with Patched V1 models). Additional reports indicate that these chips might not be super reliable. Sthetix on Twitter indicates that up to 50% of these chips are simply broken out of the box, and that if anything bad happens to the chip, we can’t flash it with a new firmware at the moment. Difficult to justify a $200 purchase in such conditions.
(Video from Sthetix. Check out more of his findings on the SX Clones, on his twitter thread.)
So, how do I hack my Switch Lite, Patched V1 Switch, or V2 “Mariko” Switch in 2021?
Let me go straight to the point: if you want to hack one of these models in 2021, your best bet, and not even the most expensive one, is to buy an unpatched V1 model (e.g. on eBay) and hack it the easy way, as described above in this article. Or buy any other model with a modchip preinstalled (harder to find online, to be honest). Nonetheless, if you’re willing to investigate other options for your device:
Switch Lite: your only option is to buy an SX Lite modchip and install it yourself (those are practically impossible to find today)
If you don’t have a Switch Lite, there remains the question of whether you have a Patched V1 Switch, or a V2. Basically, you probably can’t tell for sure, but if you bought your Switch new on a popular retailer such as Amazon, in mid to late 2020, or after that, it’s very likely you have a Mariko Switch (V2).
Mariko Switch (V2): You can either find an SX Core modchip (practically impossible to find), or a HWFLY clone (semi difficult to find but this might change, also see the issues related to these chips in the section above)
Patched V1 Switch: your only option is to buy an SX Core modchip and install it yourself (those are practically impossible to find today)
Finding modchips has become difficult, but GBATemp and the appropriate Switch subreddit might have your covered if you want to explore these options.
Again, it is likely the landscape here will evolve in the months to come, as more people get their hands on the HWFLY SX clones, but for now, the statement we made that Nintendo stopped hacking in its tracks is still relevant months later. One can only hope that the clones will become easier to find, easier to mod, and cheaper.
NH Switch Guide
A guide collaboration between Nintendo Homebrew's Helpers and Staff, from stock to Atmosphere.
What is homebrew?
Homebrew is a term for unoffical software written by hobbyists and amateur developers for locked down systems (i.e. the Switch).
This can include save editing tools, games, emulators, and more.
Homebrew can be run for free on your Switch through Custom Firmware as long as you have a "first-generation" system running 13.0.0 or lower, and a USB-C cable.
What is Custom Firmware?
Custom Firmware (“CFW”) is a piece of software that modifies the system firmware. Atmosphere, for example, does this by running in the background and patching the OS on the fly.
This allows one to extend the functionality of their system by giving homebrew higher levels of permission than most userland exploits and can be used to provide extra features for homebrew devs and users to take advantage of for various purposes, for instance, game modding using LayeredFS.
CFW can be set up on any first-generation console on any version (but will require additional tools).
What does this guide install?
This guide has the end goal of taking a completely unmodified Switch from Stock Firmware to Atmosphere Custom Firmware.
fusee-gelee is currently the best method of launching Custom Firmware that gives us nearly full control of the system. It utilizes a vulnerability in the bootROM of the first-generation Switch systems, allowing us to send any payload we want to the Switch's recovery mode, instead of only ones that Nintendo have authorized.
What can I do with Custom Firmware?
- Customize your HOME Menu with user-created themes and splash screens
- Use “ROM hacks” for games that you own
- Backup, edit, and restore saves for many games
- Play games for older systems with various emulators, using RetroArch or other standalone emulators
- Safely update to the latest system version without fear of losing access to homebrew
What do I need to know before starting?
Before beginning the guide, you must know the risks of Switch hacking: EVERY time you modify your system, there is always the potential for an UNRECOVERABLE brick. They’re rare but still a possibility so make sure you follow ALL directions EXACTLY.
This guide will work on first-generation Switch consoles in all regions on firmware 13.0.0 or below.
You will need one of the following in order to successfully follow this guide:
- A PC and a USB cable capable of data transfer between your Switch and your PC
- An Android device and a USB cable capable of data transfer between your Switch and your Android device
- This does not work on every android phone
- A Lightning-OTG adapter, a jailbroken iOS device and a USB cable capable of data transfer between your Switch and the adapter
- This method is not covered by the guide, but you can read more about it at this website
You will also need a micro SD card that is at least 64 gigabytes or larger if you plan on following this guide through the emummc path, which is safer and strongly recommended. If you must use a smaller SD card, it is possible with the sysmmc path, but strongly not recommended.
Finally, you will need a way to access Recovery Mode. (This will be further explained in the "Entering RCM section")
If everything goes according to plan, you will lose no data and end up with everything that you started with (games, Nintendo Account, saves, etc will be preserved).
Keep your device plugged in and charged throughout the entire process to avoid data loss or damage from an unexpected power-off.
Custom Firmware is not permanent with current methods, and will be unloaded upon rebooting the system.
It is advised that you read the entire guide from start to finish one or more times before actually running through the guide with your system.
Continue to Getting Started
Nintendo Switch Hacked: How to check if you've been affected and secure your Nintendo account
The Nintendo Switch is a wonderful console, but it isn't immune to hacking.
As reported by Eurogamer, Nintendo is investigating claims that Switch users have had their Nintendo accounts hacked.
"Some account users reported their accounts had been used to buy digital items, such as bundles of Fortnite VBucks worth up to £100, via linked PayPal accounts" Eurogamer reports, and aside from the financial aspect it's worth noting that your Nintendo account also includes information like home addresses and real names – so it's worth securing as soon as possible.
Read More: Animal Crossing New Horizons: How to get every item in the game using Nookazon
Have you been hacked?
Finding out if you've been hacked is easy, as Nintendo provides a history of your logins. Sign in to your account here, and then head to "Sign-in and security settings" and then "Sign-in history".
Check to ensure you recognise all of your logins and the platforms they're on. If you're unsure on something, contact Nintendo.
How to Set Up Two-Factor Authentication
Two-Factor Authentication (or 2FA) is a login system that requires both your usual password and a randomly generated series of numbers using an app on your phone. That means even if someone has your password, they won't be able to gain access to your account without having your device, too.
Setting up 2FA is easy, and you can do it using Nintendo's instructions here.
We've summarised below:
- Login to your Nintendo account and select "Sign-in and security settings"
- Select 'Edit' on the "2-Step Verification" tab and then "2-Step Verification settings"
- You'll be able to send yourself a code to ensure it's you registering 2FA, so check your email and enter it.
- While Nintendo suggests Google Authenticator, you can also use an application like Authy on your mobile device. Install the app of your choice, and then scan the QR code on the web page.
- You'll then be able to generate a code in your app that you can enter under Step 3.
- IMPORTANT: Make sure you copy your backup codes. These are single-use codes that can recover your information if your device is lost or you lose access to the app. Without these codes, you could lose access to your Nintendo account.
Switch hacked nintendo
It all started with Fortnite.
My brother had taken up gaming during the 2020 lockdown and wanted me to show him what this "battle royale" thing was all about. Epic Games' popular spin on the genre seemed like a good place to start, but there was a problem: The game wouldn't download.
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My Nintendo Switch said "an error caused the download to be suspended." That the "purchasing Nintendo account could not be used."
I logged into my Nintendo Account from a web browser and confirmed my worst fear.
Nintendo had banned my account, effectively locking my Switch out of accessing any online service -- including online play, new downloads and even my existing game library. In an instant, I'd lost access to hundreds of dollars worth of digital games. Poof. Gone, with no recourse available to me. The only option Nintendo offered was a "sign out" button, effectively showing me the door.
It didn't take me long to figure out what had happened.
Back in April of 2020, 300,000 Nintendo Accounts were compromised in an attack that used old passwords from the defunct Nintendo Network ID account system. Hackers found they could log into vulnerable Nintendo Accounts and make purchases on the eShop using the account's saved payment information. And by logging into Fortnite with a separate account first, the attacker could use the compromised account's credit card to buy themselves vBucks, Fortnite's in-game currency.
This happened to me in May. Back then I immediately got in contact with Nintendo to dispute the $100 charge for Fortnite vBucks, informing them the purchase was unauthorized and that I was getting it refunded through my payment provider. The Nintendo customer service representative seemed fine with that. Nintendo was familiar with the hack and didn't object to having the charge reversed. All was right with the world.
Until, six months later, when Nintendo banned my account without explanation.
I called Nintendo about the unexpected ban. Turned out I hadn't been hacked again, Nintendo had flagged my account for the original hack, half a year after it happened. I explained what happened back in May, but this particular customer service representative wasn't familiar with the attack that compromised 300,000 accounts. In fact, they seemed shocked to learn that a hacker could use a Nintendo Account's saved payment method to steal Fortnite vBucks. They did, however, confirm the ban, and got to work resolving the issue for a second time.
Nintendo asked me to sit tight for a few days while they escalated the case to their finance department. In the meantime, I set out to find out what my Nintendo Switch could still do with a banned account.
The answer: Not much.
Using a Nintendo Switch with a banned Nintendo Account is like living in purgatory. The console presents you with so many possibilities for entertainment, but blocks you at almost every turn. Want to download something from your digital game library? Sorry, your account can't be used.
What about checking your friends list to see what all your buddies with valid accounts are playing? Try it, and the Nintendo Switch asks you to sign-in to a blocked account. Try that, and you'll be told that "the information you entered is incorrect."
It's the same story for browsing the eShop, updating games or accessing anything that uses online functionality, including Super Mario 35, the Nintendo Switch Online NES and SNES game libraries and online play in any game. Physical game cards and previously downloaded games are playable, but that's about it. So, it's purgatory, but with Super Mario 3D All-Stars. Could be worse.
The hardest hitting limitation wasn't what the ban did to me, it's what it did to my family. To play Nintendo Switch games online, you need to subscribe to the Nintendo Switch Online service, and multiple Switch consoles can be registered to a single family plan to save money. As the primary account holder of our Nintendo Switch Online Family Membership, my ban effectively cut my entire family group off from online play. My wife couldn't play Animal Crossing with her friends, and my brother's quest to ride Fortnite's battle bus was stymied. Worse still, neither of them knew what was happening or why. Their online play was just… broken, without explanation.
After waiting a day for a solution, I became impatient and called back. This time, Nintendo's customer service agent referred me to a higher tier of support. I knew things were getting serious when the hold music changed from the generic, easy listening of Opus Number One to the soaring, victorious theme of The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time's Hyrule Field.
The second customer service representative listened to my story and quickly resolved the issue, restoring my account to good standing within minutes. Even so, the resolution was slightly unsettling: despite being major news on CNET, CNN and Forbes earlier that year, the agent was completely unaware of the hack that left 300,000 Nintendo Accounts compromised. In fact, Nintendo didn't seem to believe me at all, ending the conversation not with an apology, but a warning: Nintendo will only unban a suspended account once. Next time, I'll be out of luck.
In other words, "don't let it happen again."
Nintendo promised me that if it did happen again, and it was a hack, they'd look at it on a case by case basis, but the way I was informed about this policy felt a little threatening. I may have proof that my account was accessed multiple times out of country before the fraudulent charge occurred, but to Nintendo, it still looks like someone issued a chargeback on a non-refundable purchase. That's against the Nintendo Account user agreement. Even if it takes six months for someone to notice it.
CNET has reached out to Nintendo for official comment and advice on what customers should do if they find themselves in a similar situation. We'll update this piece if we hear back.
Either way, I had my happy ending. At long last my account was restored. My library was accessible again, and my Nintendo Switch Online family plan was active on my account, my wife's account and my brother's account. Finally, I'd be able to introduce him to the concept of a "Battle Royale" shooter.
I went back to where my troubles began, and downloaded Fortnite. The game's homescreen loaded, and instantly encouraged me to buy a Battle Pass and load up my account with vBucks.
No thanks. I think I'll pass. On second thought, maybe I'll just build my brother a gaming PC so he can play PUBG.
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To put an adult girl on a potty and watch what she poop out. " She continued reading:.
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With a ceiling height of three meters, even you got up on two chairs standing on top of each other. What to do. The glass must be collected. Since you have to feed your baby at night. Thank God that Senka was fast asleep at this time, did not bother me.