RaceProvenMotorsports Net Worth & Earnings
With 132 thousand subscribers, RaceProvenMotorsports is a popular YouTube channel. The channel launched in 2006 and is based in the United States.
One common question we hear is: What is RaceProvenMotorsports's net worth or how much does RaceProvenMotorsports earn? The YouTuber is silent about earings. We can make a solid prediction however.
What is RaceProvenMotorsports's net worth?
RaceProvenMotorsports has an estimated net worth of about $100 thousand.
RaceProvenMotorsports's acutualized net worth is not known, but our website Net Worth Spot suspects it to be near $100 thousand.
Our estimate only uses one income stream however. RaceProvenMotorsports's net worth may possibly be higher than $100 thousand. Considering these additional revenue sources, RaceProvenMotorsports may be worth closer to $250 thousand.What could RaceProvenMotorsports buy with $100 thousand?
How much does RaceProvenMotorsports earn?
RaceProvenMotorsports earns an estimated $9.87 thousand a year.
RaceProvenMotorsports fans often ask the same question: How much does RaceProvenMotorsports earn?
Each month, RaceProvenMotorsports' YouTube channel attracts around 164.58 thousand views a month and around 5.49 thousand views each day.
If a channel is monetized through ads, it earns money for every thousand video views. YouTubers can earn an average of between $3 to $7 per thousand video views. With this data, we predict the RaceProvenMotorsports YouTube channel generates $658 in ad revenue a month and $9.87 thousand a year.
Some YouTube channels earn even more than $7 per thousand video views. If RaceProvenMotorsports makes on the higher end, advertising revenue could generate up to $17.77 thousand a year.
YouTubers rarely have one source of income too. Successful YouTubers also have sponsors, and they could earn more by promoting their own products. Plus, they could secure speaking presentations.What could RaceProvenMotorsports buy with $100 thousand?
RaceProvenMotorsports net worth
How many subscribers does RaceProvenMotorsports have?RaceProvenMotorsports has 132,000 subs.
When RaceProvenMotorsports started youtube channel?RaceProvenMotorsports started youtube in 2006-07-11.
How much does RaceProvenMotorsports make per 1000 views?RaceProvenMotorsports makes approximately $ 1.21 per 1000 views.
How many uploads on youtube RaceProvenMotorsports has?RaceProvenMotorsports uploaded 575 videos on youtube.
What is net worth of RaceProvenMotorsports?Net worth of RaceProvenMotorsports is approximately $ 22.3K.
How many video views does RaceProvenMotorsports have?RaceProvenMotorsports has 18,366,874 video views.
How much RaceProvenMotorsports makes per month?RaceProvenMotorsports makes approximately $ 160 per month.
Drives: RPM Built Camaro ZL1 1LE
Join Date: Apr 2019
Location: BOSTON, MA
FS 2018 Camaro ZL1 1LE Race Proven Motorsports Build Whipple SC Low Miles
PICTURES/VIDEOS are on link at bottom.
Up for your viewing pleasure is my meticulously maintained and Modified to 900 REAR WHEEL HP WHIPPLE SUPERCHARGED 2018 Camaro ZL1 1LE Built By Race Proven Motorsports in DE. Forgeline GS1R Wheels and Toyo R88R Tires. This ZL1 1LE Extreme Track Performance Package had a 74K window sticker and comes with all the sought after options. Manual Transmission. It's finished in Summit White, with Jet Black/Red Accents interior. I hand picked this perfect chassis for a very calculated well thought out build, and it was purchased from a Chevrolet Dealership that did a CPO inspection and purchased with only 1200 miles. It is a No accident Carfax 1 Owner Vehicle (2) now with me. It was built with noting but the highest quality, name brand products available in the business. Before I get to involved with the build let me note that this is my third build, and by far one of the baddest I've had to date. To replicate this exact build you would be looking at over 45K in Parts/Labor alone. I have Every single Receipt of the build. This is easily one of if not the Cleanest, Well Built, Documented ZL1's for sale in the USA right now. NO TRACK TIME ALL, NON-Smoker, Garage Kept either in FL or MA. 2 Keys and Electronic Owners Manual and Documents included.
Car is Being Sold for $76,900.00
Model: Camaro ZL1
Trim:1LE Extreme Track Performance Package
Options/Equipment/Extras: Brembo Brakes, Performance Data Recorder (PDR), DSSV Dampers, Heated & Cooled Seats, Heads Up Display, Manual Transmission
Miles: 4,5xx (May Go up As I drive it 1 time a week)
Build Was Performed By: Race Proven Motorsports Only 1500 miles on the car since the build
897WHP 866WTQ on 20 PSI (50% Ethanol) & Methanol Injection. Can run off 93 or E85, produces more power higher the Ethanol content. (This set-up is built to drive daily and be as reliable as possible, runs like a stock vehicle but way more power.)
Aftermarket Engine/Accessories: $12K
(This Build Started with a stock OEM LT4 Block and Cylinder Heads that came stock with vehicle)
RPM Custom LT4 DOD Delete Camshaft Package
Comp Cams LT1/LT4 Forced Induction Custom Cam
w/32% Fuel Lobe 231/242 116LSA
New OEM Oil Pump (2017 early 2018 had issues)
BTR LT4 Valve Spring Kit w/Titanium Retainers
Brian Tooley Racing 7/850/ 3/8" Hardened Pushrods
New GM Head Gaskets/Seals
ARP LT1/LT4 Head Stud Kit
GM LS7 Lifters, LS Lifter Guide, VVT Cam Bolt
Katech C5-R Timing Chain
AMP Gen V VVTPhaser Lockout
GM LS7 Harmonic Balancer Bolt
Supercharger Belt 25-080872HD
NGK-LTR71X-11 Spark Plugs
Napa Gold 7060 Oil Filter and Mobil 1 15w50
Katech Valve Covers Powder-Coated Red w/Race Proven Motorsports Inserts
Katech Coil Re-Location Kit, Katech Spark Plug Wires
RotoFab HiFlow Cold Air Intake System
Fuel System and Methanol: $7K
Pro-Meth Dual Nozzle, 3 Gallon Tank Mounted Methanol Injection System, AEM Controller,
RPM Custom Low-Side Fuel System w/ Holley Fuel Pump, Holley In-Line Fuel Filter, Aeromotive Fuel Pressure Regulator, GM Flex Fuel Sensor, AN Fittings and Aeroquip Hoses, E85 Capable
Forced Induction: $10K
Whipple 2.9L (Black) Super Charger
American Racing 2" Stainless Steel Headers, 3" Mid Section with X-Pipe (No-Cat) (Ceramic Coated From Headers back to Axle-back)
DSSV Suspension (Extreme Track Performance Pkg)
Forgeline GS1R Custom Satin Black Racing Wheels 19'' Rear, 19' Front. (These are the Highest quality, Best Forged USA made Wheels you can buy for the money WHEELS ALONE are $7K MSRP!)
Upgraded Forgeline Billet Center Caps Race Wheels
19x12 Rear 325/30/19 Toyo R888R Brand New
19x11 Front 305/30/19 Toyo R888R Brand New
500 miles on Tires
NO Track Time AT ALL
20% Ceramic Premium Window Tint
50% Ceramic Premium Windshield Tint
3M Clear Film Full Front Bumper, Fenders, A Pillars, Mirrors, and half of roof
Red Aluminum Tow Hook
LED F & R Side Markets Lights, LED Plate Lights
AEM Failsafe WideBand/Boost Gauge w/ Ethanol Content
Aeroforce 2016+ Camaro Single Dash Pod
Brian Tooley 1 Gal SC Cooling System Expansion Tank Black Alluminum
I have been dealing with a shipping broker for the last 8 years and can have the car delivered anywhere in the USA enclosed with insurance. Message me your zip code for quote.
As the Seller I have the right to end this auction early at my discretion as the vehicle is for sale locally. I reserve the right to cancel Revoke any offers, bids or buy it now at my discretion.
For more detailed Information: Sean King 703-980-4810
2018 Camaro ZL1 1LE RPM Built Car
Wipple SC, Meth, Heads/Cam/Few extras, AR Full Exhaust system with headers and mid, E85, 2nd Fuel system, Intercooler Expansion Tank, Roto Fab Intake, ForgeLine GS1R Wheels
Last edited by Saksride; 07-29-2019 at 02:17 PM. Reason: Lowered Price
Track Tested, Race Proven
It’s 350º F under the hood of a stockcar. Throw in high vibrations (up to 600 g) and high electrical current demands (up to 140 A) and it’s not surprising that the alternator is said to be one of the most problem-prone parts in NASCAR engines. So in an effort to improve alternator temperature cooling (they can’t do much to adjust the velocity forces nor the electrical requirements), NASCAR approved routing a 1-in duct from the side of the radiator shroud to the alternator in 2009. While that was a helpful move, it presented problems for packaging under the hood.
Earnhardt Childress Racing (ECR), the engine manufacturing joint venture between racing organizations Dale Earnhardt Inc. and Richard Childress Racing, attempted to achieve the cooling duct by putting a secondary rear cover with a hose attachment onto the alternator. But the cooling efficiency was reduced by maintaining the original Bosch alternator cover. So ECR engineers, having learned of a polyamide-based material reinforced with carbon fibers during attendance at a motorsports expo in Italy, began using it to develop prototype replacement covers. The material, Windform XT from CRP Technology, allowed them to create the covers via rapid prototyping. However, because the material is partially conductive and because the packaging considerations were so tight as to not permit any electrical isolation, it they determined it couldn’t used for the application.
However, the time investment wasn’t lost because CRP had recently developed a material that is reinforced with glass fibers, Windform LX, which also exhibits strength and thermal resistance. So six alternator covers were initially created and track tested, showing a 20º F reduction in stator motor temperature and excellent durability. Rapid prototyping then turned to rapid production as 50 covers were created for installation onto the alternators in ECR NASCAR Cup engines. In 12 races, not one alternator failed. That’s engineering for reliability in extreme conditions.
Proven motorsports race
Hailey v. Race Proven Motorsports
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER ON DEFENDANTS' MOTION TO DISMISS Brian T.N. Jordan
704 N. King St., Ste. 600
Wilmington, DE 19801
Attorney for Plaintiff
Douglas A. Shachtman
1200 Pennsylvania Ave., Ste. 302
Wilmington, DE 19806
Attorney for Defendants
This case involves the alleged unauthorized repair by Defendants Race Proven Motorsports, Fran Schatz, and Bill Schatz (collectively "Defendants") of a 2006 Pontiac GTO owned by Plaintiff Bernell Hailey ("Plaintiff"). On June 30, 2017, the Court heard Defendants' Motion to Dismiss Plaintiff's Complaint under res judicata and failure to state a claim, reserving its decision on the motion. Subsequent to the hearing, the Court directed counsel to submit supplemental briefing. This is the Court's Decision on the Motion after consideration of the pleadings, oral argument, and supplemental briefing.PROCEDURE AND FACTS
At this phase of the proceedings, the Court will briefly summarize the procedure and facts relevant to the determination of this motion.
In 2014, Plaintiff contracted with Race Proven Motorsports ("RPM") for repairs to Mr. Hailey's 2006 Pontiac GTO (the "vehicle"). RPM made certain repairs and Plaintiff made payments to RPM—totaling $15,150.00. After the two parties exchanged communications on the repairs that Plaintiff desired, totaling $13,305.00, Plaintiff claimed certain repairs were improperly performed and refused to make further payments on his account. At this time, RPM began charging Plaintiff for storage of the vehicle.
On June 20, 2016, after receiving no further payments, Defendants filed an Application to Conduct a Lien Sale on the vehicle in JP Court, seeking permission to sell the vehicle. The grounds for the claim were "Repairs, storage." On August 19, 2016, the JP Court issued service by certified mail, which was returned. Defendants subsequently gave public notice and filed an affidavit attesting to service by publication.
See Defendant's Motion to Dismiss, Exhibit A, which contains a copy of Defendants' Application to JP Court to conduct a lien sale, noting that the total amount of the claim is $15,000 for $5,115 in outstanding repair costs, and 692 days of storage at a rate of $55 per day, totaling $38,060 in storage fees.
The JP Court granted the Authorization for a Lienholder's Sale on September 26, 2016. RPM filed confirmation of advertising of the sale. According to the Disposition of Proceeds from Defendants filed with the Court, the car was sold at auction on September 29, 2016 and the JP Court sent Plaintiff notice of the sale.
See id., Exhibit C (a copy of the JP Court's grant of authorization to conduct a lienholder's sale of the Plaintiff's vehicle).
See id., Exhibit C (Disposition of Proceeds filed with JP Court, noting that the final sale price of the vehicle was for $0). In Plaintiff's pro se Complaint, he alleges that Defendants received $12,000 for the vehicle.
On February 27, 2017, Plaintiff filed a Complaint in the Court of Common Pleas against Defendants, alleging that they unlawfully modified the vehicle, which resulted in damage to the vehicle's engine. Plaintiff asserts that he paid $15,150.00 prior to Defendants completing the modification of the vehicle. Because Defendants allegedly made modifications that Plaintiff did not agree to, and those modifications "caused catastrophic damage" to his vehicle's engine, Plaintiff refused to pay Defendants the remaining balance for the vehicle. Plaintiff seeks $46,208.13 in damages for Defendants' violation of the Auto Repair Fraud Prevention Act.
On April 12, 2017, Defendants filed the instant Motion to Dismiss pursuant to Rule 12(b)(6), arguing that Plaintiff's action is barred inter alia by res judicata and failure to state a claim. On June 15, 2017, Plaintiff filed his response to Defendants' Motion to Dismiss. On June 30, 2017, a hearing was convened on Defendants' Motion to Dismiss. Following the hearing, the Court requested supplemental briefing. Plaintiff submitted his Opening Brief on July 20, 2017. Defendants filed their Answering Brief on August 7, 2017. Plaintiff then filed his Reply Brief on September 19, 2017.
See Plaintiff's Opening Brief.
See Defendants' Answering Brief.
See Plaintiff's Reply Brief.PARTIES' CONTENTIONS
Defendants assert that Plaintiff's claim is barred by res judicata because (1) the JP Court had jurisdiction over the prior claim, (2) Plaintiff and RPM were both parties to the prior action and the additional Defendants are in privity with the parties, (3) the cause of action is the same, (4) the prior issues in the JP Court Action were decided adversely against Plaintiff, and (5) the prior adjudication was final. Moreover, Defendants argue that any claims Plaintiff brings regarding the exercise of the garage keepers' lien, or contesting the amount of the repair or storage charge upon which the lien was based, are also barred because res judicata extends to all claims a party could have asserted in the prior proceeding. Finally, Defendants argue that Plaintiff cannot sue Defendants Bill Schatz and Fran Schatz because agents of corporations are not personally liable, and the Complaint fails to distinguish their actions from RPM's actions. Defendants note that only the Court of Chancery has jurisdiction to pierce the corporate veil and seek judgment against shareholders or officers of a corporation.
Plaintiff retorts that res judicata does not apply because his claim was greater than the $15,000 jurisdiction limit of the JP Court, and 10 Del. C. § 9536(b) does not require a defendant to file a counterclaim that exceeds $15,000 in JP Court. Plaintiff further asserts that RPM's corporate status does not shield Defendants Bill Schatz and Fran Schatz from liability because Plaintiff's claims are tortious, and the Personal Participation Doctrine does not allow corporate officers to be shielded from tort claims if the Plaintiff shows that the officer "directed, ordered, ratified, approved, or consented to the tortious act."LEGAL STANDARD
On a motion to dismiss, the Court "'must determine whether it appears with reasonable certainty that, under any set of facts which could be proven to support the claim, the plaintiffs would be entitled to relief.'" In making this determination, the Court is limited to consider only facts contained within the four corners of the complaint, and must accept all well-pled allegations as true. In applying this standard, the Court will draw every reasonable factual inference in favor of the non-moving party. While the Court "is required to accept only those 'reasonable inferences that logically flow from the face of the complaint,' [it] 'is not required to accept every strained interpretation of the allegations proposed by plaintiff.'" Ultimately, "[d]ismissal is warranted only when 'under no reasonable interpretation of the facts alleged could the complaint state a claim for which relief might be granted.'"
Steila v. Steila, 2009 WL 2581887, at *1 (Del. Com. Pl. Aug. 20, 2009) (quoting Mortgage Electronic Registration Sys., Inc. v. Haase & Flanagan, 2006 WL 1454807, at *1 (Del. Super. May 19, 2006)).
Bowden v. Pinnacle Rehab. & Health Ctr., 2015 WL 1733753, at *1 (Del. Super. Apr. 8, 2015) (citing Loveman v. Nusmile, Inc., 2009 WL 847655, at *2 (Del. Super. 2009)).
Dept. of Labor v. Brady, 2010 WL 8706963, at *2 (Del. Com. Pl. Mar. 23, 2010).
In re Gen. Motors (Hughes) S'holder Litig., 897 A.2d 162, 168 (Del. 2006) (quoting Malpiede v. Townson, 780 A.2d 1075, 1083 (Del. 2003)).
Bowden, 2015 WL 1733753, at *1 (citing Thompson v. Medimmune, Inc., 2009 WL 1482237, at *4 (Del. Super. 2009)).DISCUSSIONI. Delaware Law Allows Plaintiff to Proceed with His Claims in the Court of Common Pleas.
Pursuant to Delaware law, Plaintiff is permitted to file his tort claims, seeking damages that exceed JP Court's civil monetary jurisdictional limit, in this Court as a new claim.
A. Res judiciata does not bar Plaintiff's tort claims based on a violation of the Auto Repair Fraud Prevention Act Plaintiff is not barred from litigating his present claims before this Court based on the doctrine of res judicata. Attempting to prevent repetitive litigation, the doctrine of res judicata asks:
(1) did the court making the prior adjudication have jurisdiction over the subject matter of the suit and the parties to it; (2) are the parties to the second action parties or privies of parties to the first action; (3) is the present cause of action the same as the prior case or were the issues necessarily decided in the prior action
the same as those raised in the pending case; (4) were the issues in the prior action decided adversely to the contentions of the plaintiffs in the pending case; and (5) is the prior judgment a final personal judgment in favor of the defendant.
. El Di, Inc., 1997 WL 364049, at *7 (Del. Super. Apr. 24, 1997) (quoting Playtex Family Prod. v. St. Paul Surplus Lines Ins. Co., 564 A.2d 681, 683-84 (Del. Super. 1989)).
Res judicata is intended to "'provide a definite end to litigation, prevent vexatious litigation and promote judicial economy.'" The doctrine is transactional in nature; that is, it applies to claims that were raised below "or should have been raised in a court of competent jurisdiction." The Superior Court has found res judicata preventative in cases where JP Court litigants seek a second bite at the apple in Delaware courts.
Newark Shopping Ctr. Owner, LLC v. Pizza Univ. of Delaware, Inc., 2016 WL 3951719, at *2 (Del. Super. July 14, 2016) (quoting LaPoint v. AmerisourceBergen Corp., 970 A.2d 185, 191 (Del. 2009)).
See id. (internal quotation marks omitted).
See generally Newark Shopping Ctr. Owner, LLC, 2016 WL 3951719; Jezyk v. Brumbaugh, 1995 WL 264555 (Del. Super. Apr. 19, 1995).
Plaintiff is not seeking a second bite of the apple. Plaintiff's claims in his pro se Complaint that Defendants "made unauthorized changes to the engine," these modifications "caused catastrophic damage to the engine," and that Defendants "were unable to produce printed reports of engine settings," which are claims under Delaware's Auto Repair Fraud Prevention Act, 6 Del. C. § 4901Aet al. While these claims concern the vehicle, these tort claims are not duplicative of matters addressed below. Thus, Defendant's contention that Plaintiff's action amounts to a collateral attack of the underlying JP Order is unfounded.
Plaintiff's Complaint at 1.
Defendant relies on Lismore v. Fed. Nat'l Mortgage Ass'n, for the proposition that Plaintiff is contravening Delaware law by engaging in a collateral attack of the underlying matter. However, Lismore is inapplicable. First, Lismore involved a plaintiff appealing to the Supreme Court after failing to object to the Superior Court granting a petition for writ of possession. See Lismore v. Fed. Nat'l Mortgage Ass'n, 74 A.3d 654, 2013 WL 4538363, at *1 (Del. Aug. 23, 2013) (TABLE). Second, the Supreme Court specifically noted that, "Delaware law provides that confirmation of a foreclosure sale generally bars a collateral attack on the sale." See id. In other words, Delaware law has expressly addressed an appeal right regarding a foreclosure sale. Neither of these elements are present in this case.
Defendants are essentially asserting that Plaintiff's claims are barred by res judicata because the tortious claims could have been raised in the JP Court as a defense. However, this Court has allowed claims that "arise out of same set of facts" to proceed. In McManus v. East Pointe Apartments, the Superior Court held that a personal injury claim filed in the Court of Common Pleas based on the same insect infestation incident that was the basis for a retaliation counterclaim in JP Court was not barred by res judicata. The Court specifically addressed Defendants' argument in the present case:
See Defendants' Answering Brief at 4-5. Defendants rely on Orloff v. Shulman for their position that potential actions based in the same transaction are also barred by res judicata. 2005 WL 3272355 (Del. Ch. Nov. 23, 2005). However, Defendants fail to note that the Court also states that the "extent to which separate events constitute one transaction is a matter to be determined flexibly by the court." See id. at *7 n.47.
See Dennis Boggi Enters., Inc. v. Murowany, 2001 WL 1555672, at *3 (Del. Com. Pl. Jan. 21, 2001) (allowing claims for breach of contract and negligence in the use of faulty materials for a roof installation to be separated from a claim of negligent installation of the roof).
McManus v. East Pointe Aparts., 2017 WL 1401330, at *2, 6 (Del. Super. Apr. 17, 2017).
Even though McManus' counterclaim arises out of the same set of facts and circumstances as those which gave rise to East Pointe's summary possession claims against her, her personal injury claim is not barred by res judicata because McManus was the defendant in the summary possession cases and the JP Court does not have jurisdiction over personal injury claims.
is patently applicable. Not only does JP Court not have civil jurisdiction over the amount or substance of Plaintiff's tortious claims in the present case, Plaintiff did not choose the JP Court as his forum in the former action.
See id. at *6.
See id. at *5. Relying on Jankus v. Petroleum Equipment, Inc., the Superior Court also held that res judicata does not apply to the litigant with the same force when the litigant below was "forced into court" as a defendant. See id. at *6 (quoting Jankus v. Petroleum Equip., Inc., 1996 WL 453329, at *1 (Del. Super. May 16, 1996)).
As the JP Court also has exclusive jurisdiction over summary possession actions, a comparison to summary possession cases in JP Court is instructive. In summary possession cases, despite the JP Court's exclusive jurisdiction, the Superior Court has held that a litigant in JP Court can "split his or her cause of action and pursue the summary possession action in the JP Court while maintaining 'a plenary action between the same parties over the same lease in another court.'" That is, JP Court's exclusive jurisdiction over certain claims stemming from factual circumstances does not prevent other claims stemming from those same circumstances. For instance, in Newark Shopping Center Owner, LLC v. Pizza University of Delaware, Inc., Newark Shopping Center Owner, LLC ("NSC") filed an action for summary possession of the commercial property it leased and damages against Pizza University of Delaware, Inc. ("Pizza University") for failing to remain open, as required under Section 8.3 of the commercial lease agreement ("Lease"). NSC also sued William Keeney and Marcia Hepps ("Individual Defendants") as guarantees of the lease. While NSC claimed damages of approximately $60,000, it demanded only the JP Court's jurisdictional limit of $15,000.
See Newark Shopping Ctr. Owner, LLC v. Pizza Univ. of Delaware, Inc., 2016 WL 3951719, at *2 (Del. Super. July 14, 2016).
McManus, 2017 WL 1401330, at *5 (quoting Bomba's Restaurant & Cocktail Lounge, Inc. v. Lord De Law Warr Hotel, Inc., 1996 WL 453329, at *1 (Del. Super. May 16, 1996); Newark Shopping Ctr. Owner, LLC v. Pizza Univ. of Delaware, Inc., 2016 WL 3951719, at *2 (Del. Super. July 14, 2016)).
See Newark Shopping Ctr. Owner, LLC, 2016 WL 3951719, at *1.
The JP Court entered judgment in NSC's favor against only Pizza University; NSC received possession of the commercial space, $15,000.00 in damages, and costs. In January 2013, NSC appealed the JP Courts decision to a three judge panel and the panel ultimately found in NSC's favor regarding the liability of the Individual Defendants. In January 2016, NSC filed an original action in the Delaware Superior Court seeking damages arising from Pizza University and Individual Defendants' breach of the commercial lease agreement. The Individual Defendants moved to dismiss based on the doctrine of res judicata. Relating to damages that NSC could have received in the original JP Court action but for the JP Court's jurisdictional limit of $15,000.00, the Superior Court refused to grant NSC its requested damages. Separating these requested damages from "additional damages" that were not ripe for the JP Court's review, the Court found NSC was not entitled to said damages "because NSC could have, but did not, split its Section 8.3 claim at the time of the JP Court Action."
See id. at *3.
See id. at *3.
Similarly, in Jezyk v. Brumbaugh, the Superior Court found that defendants who sought summary possession and $17,000.00 in overdue rent in the JP Court and obtained a judgment of $5,000.00—the JP Court's jurisdictional limit prior to 1995—could not also assert a counterclaim for overdue rent as part of a Superior Court action. The Superior Court analysis focused on the fact that Defendants could have split their claim for overdue rent in excess of $17,000.00 from the summary possession action proceeding before the JP Court, and file the rent claim in the Superior Court. This Court sees no reason to diverge from this analogous Superior Court precedent.
See Jezyk v. Brumbaugh, 1995 WL 264555, at *11 (Del. Super. Apr. 19, 1995).
See id. at *12.
B. The applicable statutes to Plaintiff's claims relating to storage fees and sounding in conversion do not require Plaintiff to bring these claims in the JP Court when the damage amount exceeds $15,000.
Defendants also argue that Plaintiff's claims in his pro se Complaint relating to storage fees and sounding in conversion must have been raised below according to the doctrine of res judicata. Defendants argue that because JP Court has exclusive jurisdiction over "Garage Keeper's Liens," as codified in 25 Del. C. § 3901et seq., and Defendants properly followed the procedure for conducting a sale to satisfy the lien by applying for such approval in JP Court, as described in 25 Del. C. § 3903, Defendants argue that Plaintiff failed to counter the lien claims brought by Defendants in the JP Court proceeding. Defendants believe that, instead of filing the present Complaint in this case, Plaintiff should have initiated a replevin action, outlined in 25 Del. C. § 3908, challenging the repair and storage costs and seeking return of the car.
Defendants are incorrect. Since Plaintiff's claims allege damages exceeding $15,000, Delaware law does not mandate that these claims be brought in the JP Court. Section 3908 states, in its entirety,
The owners or other persons claiming an interest in the property, in addition to the right to a hearing as provided herein, shall have the right to file an action in replevin or detinue at any time in accordance with Chapter 95 of Title 10, and no bond shall be required to be posted as a prerequisite to the filing of such an action or the issuance of the writ.
While Plaintiff couldhave brought a replevin action in JP Court and argued similar claims to the claims he argues in the action before this Court, he would have been limited to the JP Court's $15,000 jurisdictional limit.Because of this limitation, Plaintiff was not required to bring such an action in JP Court—despite its grant of exclusive jurisdiction over replevin actions in garage keeper lien cases.
25 Del. C. § 3908. Replevin is a "form of action which is employed to recover possession of personal chattels that have been unlawfully taken or detained by their owner." Hitch v. Riggin, 80 A. 975, 976 (Del. Super. 1911).
See Eaton v. Jeff White's Auto Inc., 2014 WL 5780708, at *2 (D. Del. Nov. 5, 2014) (finding for the plaintiff under the Auto Repair Fraud Prevention Act within the jurisdictional limit).
25 Del. C. § 3909; see also Allstate Ins. Co. v. Rossi Auto Body, Inc., 787 A.2d 742, 743, 749 (Del. Super. 2001) (holding a prior version of § 3909 unconstitutional and noting that the JP Court retained "exclusive jurisdiction" over replevin actions in garage keeper lien cases "up to the jurisdictional monetary limit").
Basic rules of statutory construction provide that "[i]f the statute as a whole is unambiguous and there is no reasonable doubt as to the meaning of the words used, the court's role is limited to an application of the literal meaning of those words." Further, "[i]t is well-established that this court must give effect to a statute's plain meaning in order to implement the General Assembly's intent." Whereas the statute Defendants rely on, 25 Del. C. § 3909, does not address filing procedure in relation to Garage Keeper's liens, § 3903(e) states that should a hearing be requested during the JP Court proceeding, "the person requesting the hearing may present and have determined any defenses, setoffs, counterclaims, cross-claims, or third-party actions." Likewise, the applicable section regarding counterclaims that seek damages exceeding $15,000.00, 10 Del. C. § 9536(b), states:
See In re Adoption of Swanson, 623 A.2d 1095, 1096-97 (Del. 1993) (citing Coastal Barge Corp. v. Coastal Zone Indus. Control Bd., 492 A.2d 1242, 1244 (Del. 1985)).
Nelson v. Best, Inc., 768 A.2d 473, 478 (Del. Ch. 2000).
25 Del. C. § 3903(e) (emphasis added).
If the defendant has any account, demand, or cause of action, against the plaintiff, exceeding $15,000, the defendant may bring it forward and plead it as a setoff as specified in subsection (a) of this section, or not, at the defendant's pleasure, and shall not, by neglecting so to plead it, lose such cause of action.
10 Del. C. § 9536(b) (emphasis added).
Neither statute's language strikes the Court as ambiguous. BLACK'S LAW DICTIONARY defines "may" as "(1) to be permitted to; (2) to be a possibility." This term is methodically chosen instead of other terms like "shall" ("has a duty to; more broadly, is required to") to indicate a legislative intent of litigant choice. In fact, the Superior Court has found that "may" does not mean "must" when interpreting a similar provision under summary possession proceedings. The legislature certainly did not intend a litigant to forever lose his or her right to bring a counterclaim exceeding $15,000.00 in a separate Delaware court. Defendants have failed to present case law or legislative history that support their contrary interpretation.
BLACK'S LAW DICTIONARY at 1000 (8th ed. 2004).
Id. at 1407.
El Di, Inc. v. Justice of the Peace Court, 1998 WL 109823, at *8 (Del. Super. Feb. 20, 1998) (interpreting 25 Del. C. § 5709).
Indeed, not only is there no mandate in § 9536(b) that Plaintiff bring his claims during the JP Court proceeding ("at defendant's pleasure"), the statute explicitly protects the right of Plaintiff to bring those claims in the future (defendant "shall not, by neglecting so to plead it, lose such cause of action"). Therefore, a plain reading of the applicable statute does not prevent Plaintiff from filing his claims in this Court.
10 Del. C. § 9536(b).II. Plaintiff has not Failed to State a Cause of Action Against Defendants Fran and Bill Schatz as Individuals.
The Court will not dismiss Plaintiff's claims against Defendants Fran and Bill Schatz. At this pre-discovery phase of the proceeding, Plaintiff's pro se filing will be granted some leniency in accordance with Delaware's public policy considerations of hearing claims on their merits. As noted above, Plaintiff's claims are based in tort and allege that Defendants engaged in actions which violated the Auto Repair Fraud Prevention Act. In tortious actions, the Superior Court has stated:
Damiani v. Gill, 116 A.3d 1243, 2015 WL 4351507, at *1 (Del. July 14, 2015) (TABLE).
[U]nder Delaware tort law, corporate officials may be held individually liable for their fraudulent tortious conduct, even if undertaken while acting in their official capacity. An agent who performs tortious fraud is not excused from personal liability for his actions solely on account of acting on behalf of a principal. This concept is embodied with the well-established personal participation doctrine. According to the personal participation doctrine, a corporate official cannot shield himself behind a corporation when he is an actual participant in the tort. Therefore, unlike a contractual fraud claim, the relevant question when examining a tortious fraud claim is whether or not the defendant personally participated in the tortious conduct.
., Inc v. Dewey Beach Enters., Inc., 2015 WL 4498900, at *3 (Del. Super. June 23, 2015) (internal footnotes omitted).
Hence, it appears piercing the corporate veil is not required "if the officer 'directed, ordered, ratified, approved or consented to the tort.'" Based on the "liberal standard" at this phase—under "some conceivable set of facts"—the Court finds that Plaintiff has met his burden. Therefore, the Court will not dismiss Defendants Fran and Bill Schatz from the action at this time.
Eden v. Oblates of St. Francis de Sales, 2006 WL 3512482, at *8 (Del. Super. Dec. 4, 2006) (quoting Heronemus v. Ulrick, 1997 WL 719320, at *4-5 (Del. Super. Aug. 20, 1997) (implying that finding a corporate officer liable for tortious action does not require the piercing of the corporate veil).
Yavar Rzayev, LLC v. Roffman, 2015 WL 5167930, at *6 (Del. Super. Aug. 31, 2015). --------CONCLUSION
For the foregoing reasons, Defendants' Motion to Dismiss is DENIED.
IT IS SO ORDERED this 23 day of October, 2017.
John K. Welch, Judge cc: Ms. Tamu White, Chief Civil Clerk
And asks to blow off the column from soot, they say, the repairman advised her, there is a KAMAZ, there is compressed air, well, I blew it, and more for a long time it blew into all the holes, then she was somewhere under fifty dollars, her husband was on business trips all the time, and I did not let her pussy grow overgrown.
But they fucked only according to her rules, in my mouth, then put it in cancer, stick it in, drain and dump, and she needs to slowly, slowly. Slowly saddle me and fidget on my dick, and I have to fondle her big velvety tits with my hands, then fucked her less and less, but for three years it still dragged on, until the women poured down a stream.
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And upon arrival home we will try it all, ok. I want you to give me a blowjob at work in the Lighthouse so that you can hear people walking outside the door. For some reason, extreme excites me.