Carp were introduced into North America as a food source from France in 1831 and in just 50 years carp became established nationwide. A member of the minnow family, carp are copper to bronze in color, long-lived and large (mature specimens weighing 25-30 pounds).
Carp possess barbels with thousands of taste receptors that allow them to home in on specific food sources. Generally, a carp's diet consists of aquatic insects and virtually any type of vegetative matter. Anglers with rod and reel or by bow and arrow pursue carp for their fighting qualities. Carp are considered excellent table fare and are usually smoked or baked. Surprisingly, carp are not considered a gamefish in the US. In England, carp are considered the most popular gamefish species.
Generally, carp are well distributed and can be found in almost every reservoir, lake, pond, river or stream in New Jersey. Although it would be impossible to list all the areas with exceptional populations, the following locations are known to produce trophy sized individuals: Spruce Run Reservoir, Deal Lake, Columbia Lake (pdf, 500kb), Branch Brook Park Pond, Delaware & Raritan Canal, Parvin Lake, Cooper River Park Lake, Passaic River, and the Upper and Lower Delaware River.
Spring and summer are the most productive times for catching carp by rod and reel. For bowfishing enthusiasts, the later part of May beginning of June is the best time to target carp. At this time, carp can be observed visually and taken from shallow water.
Given the popularity of carp fishing in England many techniques have been developed for catching carp. A medium action 6-7 foot spinning rod spooled with 6 to 8 pound test line is a good choice. Nibblet corn is broadcast in the fishing area one to two days prior to the fishing excursion. The corn conditions local carp to the area before fishing. Terminal tackle should consist of a single bronzed #8-#14 bait holder hook rigged fish-finder style. The least amount of weight as possible should be used. Bait should consist of kernels of nibblet corn or dough balls. Various dough ball recipes can be found by searching the Internet.
Carp Fact Sheet (pdf, 18kb)
Freshwater Clydesdales: Carp!(from 2004 Freshwater Digest, pdf, 80kb)
Freshwater Clydesdales: Carp! Part Two(from 2005 Freshwater Digest, pdf, 165kb)
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Big Carp Are Happening...NOW!
By Matt Janiszewski and
Mark Boriek, Principal Fisheries Biologist
Many New Jersey anglers don't realize it, but we live in one of the best locations in the United States to fish for carp. Carp fishing is very popular in many places throughout the world, but for the most part these freshwater giants aren't sought after by many people in the U.S. Only in recent years has fishing for carp begun to gain popularity in this country, and as carp anglers grow in numbers and discover untapped fisheries more and more reports of great catches begin to surface.
In recent years the tidal freshwaters of New Jersey have produced fish of gargantuan proportions. The combination of abundant food sources and the sheer size of these rivers, particularly the Passaic, Hudson, Raritan, and Delaware, allow carp to grow into true giants. Multiple 40-pound specimens captured over the past few years have put New Jersey on the map in the carp fishing world.
The month of May tends to be the best month of the year to target giant carp. These pre-spawn fish are at their heaviest then and eat as much as possible before they spawn. So far, this May, carp weighing 33.2, 38.8 and 30 pounds have been landed and documented.
Dedicated carp angler Matt Janiszewski recently contacted us about a giant carp he landed. Here, in his own words, is the story of his Raritan River monster catch:
|"On May 9th, 2011 I landed my personal best carp of 42.2 pounds, and when I woke up on Wednesday morning May 9th, 2012 I never would have dreamed I'd catch a 50 + pounder on the 1 year anniversary of my personal best. |
"This time of year, when the water is in the 60's, carp tend to love feeding on oats, so I was using a hair rigged oat ball for bait with a mixture of oats and creamed corn molded around my lead. Around 1:00 p.m. I had some bumps on my middle rod so I picked it up and the fish was there. It took about 75 yards of line out and I slowly reeled it back in. The fish sat right in front of me, swimming back and forth like a dog on a leash, for about 20 minutes, before I finally got it in the net.
"When I saw the size of the fish I knew I had something special. I quickly put it in my weigh sling and then on my scale 55.29 pounds in the sling! I was shocked. Without the sling the fish weighed 53 pounds 12 ounces, smashing the 1995 state record of 47 lbs. I got the fish back into the sling, zipped it up, put it back in the water, and called my buddy down to take some pictures.
"As I was waiting for my buddy, I called biologist Mark Boriek at NJ Fish & Wildlife to see if he or another biologist could come down to the river with a NJ State certified scale to verify the record. He said they couldn't make it down, and the certified scale at their office only goes up to 50 lbs. I would have had to kill the fish, and bring it to one of their hatcheries for a certified scale weighing if I wanted it as an official record.
Congratulations to Matt on his record-size fish, and for his commendable sense of ethics in releasing this fish so that others may enjoy fishing for monster carp in the Raritan.
For more info on carp fishing in NJ see:
Freshwater Clydesdales: Carp!(from 2004 Freshwater Digest, pdf, 80kb)
Freshwater Clydesdales: Carp! Part Two(from 2005 Freshwater Digest, pdf, 165kb)
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When I was researching my book, "Gone Fishin' For Carp" in 1995, I ran across at least five or six publications in England, which featured carp fishing. Several dealt only with carp fishing, and one was actually called "Carp World". Its editor, Tim Paisley, told me that he sold 15,000 copies each month of the fine magazine. In fact, his photo appears alongside of mine on the cover of my book. He is holding a "mirror" carp, a member of the carp family that has no scales at all. While I have never seen such a carp, I intend to catch one someday, even if I have to go back to England to do it. I wrote an article for Tim's magazine about carp fishing here in New Jersey, and was then hired to write a similar feature for a German carp fishing magazine.
Here in America we can pull up to a hunk of water and start fishing. Most bodies of water in New Jersey are freely accessible, save the cost of a fishing license. Well, in England, the opposite applies. Most of the guys who seek carp (Carpers) have to buy the right to fish a private body of water. Some join clubs to fish in their exclusive pond, and others pay a fee to the owner of the lake, but rarely can they enjoy what we have here. The thing is, most New Jersey anglers don't ever go after the strongest and heaviest and smartest of all fish found in American freshwater!
You can always spot a British carp specialist. They carry equipment that is so different from what we use that it boggles the mind. Start with the rod. It is generally 10-12 feet long, not six or seven like we use. Similar in length to a steelhead rod, but twice as thick, it's intent is to get a bait out far and have lots of backbone to fight a fish into submission. The reel is a spinning model, usually a "Bait-runner", one that allows a closed bale to release line to a running fish with such ease that the fish doesn't know that someone is at the other end waiting to stick a hook into its mouth. They use the same kind of line as we do, but normally, at heavier breaking strength than a New Jersey freshwater fisherman will use. And they use some unusual rigs. One called a "Hair-rig" allows a thin length of material, once a hair but now a piece of thread, to be tied to the hook shank. Onto the thread is placed a "boilee" or several kernels of maize (hard corn) as bait. The hook itself has no bait! Cast out, a passing carp will inhale the baited "hair" and wind up also taking the hook into its mouth. English anglers swear that they get more bites from big carp on this rig than if they baited the hook itself.
"Carpers" also are credited with creating what they call "Pop-Up" fishing, allowing an angler to bait a hook and still allow the fish to see the food up off bottom. Use a standard half-ounce or heavier egg sinker, and put a small pinch-on sinker on next, allowing a foot or so of line to remain. Tie on a size six bait-holder hook and you are set. Put a yellow miniature marshmallow or piece of yellow Styrofoam on up at the eye of the hook and then add three or four kernels of corn. Cast out, the sinker will go to bottom, and the hook will rise up a foot allowing the bait to be clearly in view.
Here in New Jersey, we have countless lakes, rivers, ponds and streams that hold carp. In Northwest New Jersey, I can personally attest to the fact that the following bodies of water have lots of carp in them: The Delaware River (The Pennsylvania State Record carp came from there), the Wallkill River, Paulinskill Lake, Lake Hopatcong, the South and North Branches of the Raritan River (New Jersey's state record was caught in the South Branch), the Passaic River, Spruce Run Reservoir, Round Valley Reservoir, the Delaware and Raritan Canal and the main body of the Raritan River. (Lots more too, no doubt).
Native to Asia, carp are now found on every continent except Antarctica, and throughout the continental United States. Carp live in a wide range of environmental conditions and are found throughout New Jersey. Once considered a nuisance, these giants have generated renewed interest as a game fish. They prefer shallow, warm, well vegetated lakes with mud & silt substrate and can tolerate low oxygen content in the water. As the water temperature drops during the year, they move deeper. In rivers, carp tend toward slow moving areas with soft bottoms, and don't mind cloudy water. Spawning over a prolonged period of time, carp deposit eggs on flooded vegetation.
Here's some Trash Talk about "Trash Fishing". While trout and bass anglers will cuss me out, to me a carp is a king and bass and trout take second place by far. They're not really "trash", but clearly, far less worthwhile adversaries. You see, rarely will a trout or bass be big enough to break an angler's line. Hardly ever will one be capable of pulling out more than five feet of drag before stopping to rest. But carp? Hah! A carp is fully capable of cleaning your line completely off the spool and breaking you off at the knot. In fact, I saw that happen the first time I ever fished the Wallkill River fifty years ago! So I will be "Trash Fishing" for bass and trout during this year, for sure. But carp will still be one of my primary targets.
Carp are incredibly strong, smart, and big. A ten-pound carp is not at all uncommon, but few among us have even seen, or caught, a ten-pound trout or bass. Contrary to most views, a carp is not a critter that eats trash or spoiled food. That is what catfish eat, among other stuff. Carp eat only fresh food. It could be corn kernels or cooked corn meal balls. English anglers use what they call a "Boilee", but many are caught on maggots (okay, not your food of choice, but at least they have to be alive), or a bit of dough. Some use a floating chunk of bagel or bread, both of which are taken off the surface of the water by carp in a huge inhale.
In Spring, many of the carp that I catch are in the Delaware River, and since worms are often washed into the river during high water times, a worm is a natural food then. I caught one last march at Byram that was well in excess of 20 pounds on a baby night crawler. My friend Ron Bern took similar fish in 1999 and 2000 also with worms as bait. Once we get into late April and beyond though, the primary bait is corn kernel.
Carp fishing often is improved dramatically by chumming; easy to do while double-anchor fishing from a boat. Just throw stuff upstream periodically and carp will show up for the freebaits. Cooked corn meal works better as chum because it sinks far easier than corn will. British anglers use a slingshot to heave corn or maize or cooked meal far out, but a slingshot is illegal here since some view it as a weapon. The English also use an aluminum pole that has a spoon-like device at one end. Filled with chum, after practice, you can heave freebaits way out with this "throwing stick."
"Snap, crackle and pop" are words all of us have heard in connection with the breakfast cereal Rice Krispies. Well, let's hook it up with carp fishing. If you don't fish with your drag wide open, but with your rod placed tightly in a rod holder, the "snap" will take place often if your line is heavy. That "snap" will be the breaking of your rod into two pieces! "Crackle?" Well, with open drag, your line will scream off the spool of your reel, and most carp will take it so fast it will sound something like "crackle" indeed. And the "Pop"? Here again, with tight drag and light line, the "popping" sound will echo across the water as your carp breaks your line without even knowing that someone was trying to hurt him.
I haven't killed a carp since I started losing my hair, and friends, that is a long time ago. No self-respecting English "Carper" ever kills one either. Therefore, please practice "Catch and Release" with your carp so that they can live to go "Snap, Crackle and Pop" another day.
If you would like to become a member of the Carp Anglers Group, an organizations that I belong to, write to Bud Yancey at CAG, Box 69, Groveland, IL 61535 to apply for membership. A newsletter is sent to every member periodically sharing secrets from here and across the sea. Scuze me, gone fishin'!
Resident expert Manny Luftglass has written a series of books on New Jersey fishing. They include
- Gone Fishin' For Carp
- Gone Fishin' in Spruce Run Reservoir
- Gone Fishin' in Round Valley Reservoir
- Gone Fishin' in NJ Saltwater Rivers & Bays
- For autographed copies click here.
This story was first published: Spring, 2002
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Nj carp fishing
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