45 acp ballistics

45 acp ballistics DEFAULT

45 ACP Ballistics Chart and History

How effective is 45 at stopping an attack?

The 45 ACP is very effective at stopping an attack from a bad guy wishing to do harm. While many folks compare the 45 Auto to other semi-auto cartridges, the 45 sends a bigger projectile downrange and transfers excellent energy on target.

Who is the 45 good for?

The 45 Auto is a great cartridge for someone who is serious about self-defense and has the ability to handle a heavier recoiling round than the average 9mm.

Why is the 45 ACP so popular?

The 45 Auto is a very old cartridge that is not only still going strong after more than 100 years, but is the second most popular handgun cartridge. The reason why is because it is effective as a self-defense round and it continues to have new guns chambered for it.

Who designed the 45 Auto?

The 45 Auto was designed by genius gun inventor John Moses Browning, on behalf of Colt’s Manufacturing. It was developed because the military was looking for a handgun cartridge that was “no smaller than a 45 caliber” because the 38s they had were just ineffective at stopping the bad guys.

Why is it sometimes called other names?

Sometimes the 45 Auto is called by other names. One of the reasons why this is, is because of acronyms. The full name is 45 Automatic Colt Pistol, which can obviously be shorened to just 45 Auto, and even 45 ACP. They are all the same ammo.

What are some good pistols for the 45 ACP?

The 45 Auto still receives a lot of love from the gun industry at large. This is why you don’t just find 1911s chambered in 45. All of the major handgun manufactures have or still do make a gun chambered in 45. They’d be stupid not to, because it is the second most popular handgun cartridge, behind 9mm.


45 ACP History:

The 45 Auto has a rich history. John Browning first developed this straight walled, rimless cartridge in 1904 and the first gun it found itself chambered in is the Colt 1905.

The US military sought a better cartridge than the 38s they were using, and decided that the caliber should be 45″ so it would perform better in war.

John Browning developed the 1911, chambered it in 45 ACP, and the military adopted it for use as their official sidearm.

It stayed in military service until the mid 1980s when it was largely replaced by the Beretta M9. However, small special forces units still used it to some degree until very recently.

45 Auto and the US Military:

The mind often drifts to the classic design of John Browning’s 1911 when hearing the term: 45 ACP. But, the 1911 wasn’t the only gun chambered in 45 Auto.

One gun that many people know of, but rarely think about when they hear “45 Automatic” uttered, is the Thompson Sub Machine gun. Also known as the Tommy Gun and made famous by gangsters and later in their corresponding movies. It was also chambered in 45 Auto.

The Thompson Sub Machine gun saw heavy use throughout WWII and was an effective close quarters weapon.

In 1985 the US military changed the 45 Auto chambered 1911s for the 9mm Beretta M9/92fs handguns.

45 Auto and the police:

There are still several different police departments at the local and state level who use the 45 Auto. While many departments have gone with the higher capacity guns chambered in 9mm and 40 S&W, there are still plenty who either issue a 45 ACP chambered gun or allow their officers to carry an authorized pistol of their choice.

More and more police departments are moving away from 45 ACP, but it’s hard to argue against its effectiveness.

One example is the Indiana State Police with their SIG P227 chambered in 45 ACP, and there are several others, as well.

Why 45 Auto, and why now?

The 45 Automatic is an excellent cartridge for self-defense. And, even though it has been around for well over 100 years, it is not obsolete as many would claim. It offers up excellent ballistics, even though it does have some limitations.

Truth be told, it is the best self-defense round of the most popular three calibers, and that means something in the self-defense world. They penetrate an attacker’s body deep enough even though they move at subsonic speeds, and create a large wound channel that decimates the insides of an attacker.

When you add +P ammo to the mix the ballistics are even more impressive.

45 ACP Shortcomings:

Some of you will hate me for this, but the 45 Auto is not a perfect cartridge. One of the biggest drawbacks to the 45 Auto is the fact of limited capacity against multiple bad guys.

9mm has shortened the gap considerably against the 45 Auto, ballistically. It will likely never match the effectiveness of the 45, but where it really stands out is the ability to put a few rounds on a bad guy, and have some left over for a few more bad guys.

I personally come from the frame of mind that says, more ammo is always better than less. Then again, the chances of you needing to defend yourself are slim, and the chance that you’d need to defend yourself against multiple attackers is even slimmer.

But, it could happen.

Of course, a way around this with a 45 is to carry a reload. But, you’ll always have more ammo on you if you carry a 9mm. That’s just the way it is. I personally like both and own guns in both calibers.

Of course, another shortfall of the 45 is the associated recoil. A bigger cartridge is, more often than not, going to produce more felt recoil than a smaller one. I say “more often than not,” because the perceived recoil of a 40 S&W gun if all other things are the same will actually be harder than with a 45 ACP.

Conclusion:

The 45 ACP is still an excellent cartridge for self-defense. It has a rich history and being that it is the second most popular handgun caliber, it’s clearly not going anywhere, any time soon.

Filed Under: Ballistics, Gun InfoTagged With: 45 acp ballistics, ballistics, ballistics chart, handgun ballistics

Sours: https://gunnersden.com/45-acp-ballistics-chart-and-history/

45 ACP Ballistics Chart

There is such a variety of pistols in public use that we will not determine what guns are compatible with which loads. It is up to you to determine the compatibility of any ammo with your particular pistols. To determine whether or not they are +P or +P+ rated, Call you manufacturer or ask a gunsmith.
--> Get your 45 ACP Ammo from our friends at AmmunitionToGo.com <--

Black Hills Ammunition Ballistics

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RoundTypeWeightMuzzle Energy ft·lbMuzzle Velocity ft/sec.
45 ACPSemi Wadcutter200340875
45 ACPFMJ230369850
45 ACPJHP1854111000
45 ACP +PJHP230461950
45 ACP +PJHP1854111000
45 ACPJHP230369850

Blazer Ammunition Ballistics

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RoundTypeWeightMuzzle Energy ft·lbMuzzle Velocity ft/sec.
45 ACPFMJ230365845
** Blazer Brass **
45 ACPFMJ RN230352830
** Clean Fire **
45 ACPTMJ230365845

Buffalo Bore Ammunition Ballistics

RoundTypeWeightMuzzle Energy ft·lbMuzzle Velocity ft/sec.
45 ACP +PJHP230461950
45 ACP +PFMJFN230461950
45 ACP +PHCFN255484925
45 ACP +PJHP1855431150
45 ACP +PJHP2004901050

Cor-Bon Ammunition Ballistics

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RoundTypeWeightMuzzle Energy ft·lbMuzzle Velocity ft/sec.
45 ACP +PDPX1854751075
45 ACPDPX1603921050
45 ACPDPX1603921050
45 ACP +PDPX1854751075
45 ACPFMJ230287750
45 ACPFMJ230287750
45 ACP +PJHP1655731250
45 ACP +PJHP1855431150
45 ACP +PJHP2004901050
45 ACP +PJHP230461950
** Glaser Safety Slug **
45 ACP +PSS1455871350
** Pow'r Ball **45 ACPPB1655501225

Double Tap Ammunition Ballistics

RoundTypeWeightMuzzle Energy ft·lbMuzzle Velocity ft/sec.45 ACPNosler JHP185616122545 ACP +PBarnes TAC-XP160512120045 ACPBJHP230521101045 ACPWin CE. JHP230521101445 ACPFMJ23047196045 ACP +PSWC HC255434875

Extreme Shock Ammunition Ballistics

RoundTypeWeightMuzzle Energy ft·lbMuzzle Velocity ft/sec.45ACPEPR185543115045ACPAFR125400120045ACPFF1855431150

Federal Ammunition Ballistics

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RoundTypeWeightMuzzle Energy ft·lbMuzzle Velocity ft/sec.45 ACPHST23040489045 ACP +PHST23046195045 ACPFMJ23040489045 ACPTMJ23036985045 ACPClassic Hi-Shok JHP18537195045 ACPJHP23036985045 ACPFMJM23037886045 ACPFMJ SWC18524477045 ACP +PBonded HP23046193045 ACPHydra_Shok165412106045 ACP +PHydra_Shok185524113045 ACPHydra_Shok23041490045 ACPEFMJ1654761140

Fiocchi Ammunition Ballistics

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RoundTypeWeightMuzzle Energy ft·lbMuzzle Velocity ft/sec.45 ACPXTP JHP20035990045 ACPXTP JHP230TBDTBD45 ACPFrangible155435112545 ACPFMJ23037786045 ACPJHP20035189045 ACPJHP23037085045 ACPFMJ EB230368860

Grizzly Ammunition Ballistics

RoundTypeWeightMuzzle Energy ft·lbMuzzle Velocity ft/sec.45 ACP +PJHP185543115045 ACP +PJHP200490105045 ACP +PJHP23048597545 ACP +PXtreme HP1755601200

Hornady Ammunition Ballistics

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RoundTypeWeightMuzzle Energy ft·lbMuzzle Velocity ft/sec.45 ACPCrit-Defense185411100045 ACPXTP HP18538697045 ACPXTP HP20036090045 ACPFMJ RN23036985045 ACP +PHP XTP TAP200494105545 ACP +PXTP200494105545 ACP +PHP XTP TAP23046195045 ACP +PXTP HP230461950

International Cartridge Corporation Ammunition Ballistics

RoundTypeWeightMuzzle Energy ft·lbMuzzle Velocity ft/sec.Green Elite Series45 ACPFrangible Training FP155458115445 ACPFrangible Duty HP1554581154

Lehigh Defense Ammunition Ballistics

RoundTypeWeightMuzzle Energy ft·lbMuzzle Velocity ft/sec.45 ACPMaximum Expansion HP174406102545 ACPControlled Fracturing HP17025782545 ACP +PControlled Fracturing HP170457110045 ACPXtreme Defense120486135045 ACP +PXtreme Penetrator200401950

PMC Ammunition Ballistics

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RoundTypeWeightMuzzle Energy ft·lbMuzzle Velocity ft/sec.45 ACPFMJ23035283045 ACPJHP18533390045 ACPEMJ NT23035283045 ACPSFHP230369850

Masafe Ammunition Ballistics

RoundTypeWeightMuzzle Energy ft·lbMuzzle Velocity ft/sec.45 ACP +PDefender96660176045 ACP +PSwat687712260

RBCD Ammunition Ballistics

RoundTypeWeightMuzzle Energy ft·lbMuzzle Velocity ft/sec.45 ACPTFSP90828203645 ACPTFSP1157001650

Remington Ammunition Ballistics

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RoundTypeWeightMuzzle Energy ft·lbMuzzle Velocity ft/sec.45 ACPJHP185411100045 ACPUMC185423101545 ACPMC23035683545 ACPJHP23035683545 ACPFNEB23035683545 ACPUMC23035683545 ACPJHP230356835** Golden Saber **45 ACPBJHP185423101545 ACP +PBJHP185534114045 ACPBJHP230391875

Ruag Ammunition Ballistics

RoundTypeWeightMuzzle Energy ft·lbMuzzle Velocity ft/sec.Geco Product Line45 ACPJHP23037185345 ACPFMJ230371853RWS Copper Matrix Product Line45 ACPFangible Practice round1454331160

Sig Sauer Ammunition Ballistics

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RoundTypeWeightMuzzle Energy ft·lbMuzzle Velocity ft/sec.45 ACPElite V-Crown, JHP18540799545 ACPElite V-Crown, JHP20027491845 ACPElite V-Crown, JHP23035283045 ACPElite Ball, FMJ230352830

Speer Ammunition Ballistics

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RoundTypeWeightMuzzle Energy ft·lbMuzzle Velocity ft/sec.45 ACPGDHP185453105045 ACPGDHP23040489045 ACPTMJ FN185453105045 ACPTMJ FN20042297545 ACPTMJ FN23035283045 ACPTMJ RN23035283045 ACPTMJ RN230365845** Short Barrel Round **45 ACPGDHP-SB230343820

Underwood Ammunition Ballistics

RoundTypeWeightMuzzle Energy ft·lbMuzzle Velocity ft/sec.45 ACPJHP185497110045 ACP +PGold Dot HP185592120045 ACP +PGolden Saber BJHP185592120045 ACPFMJ23041490045 ACPJHP23041490045 ACP +PGold Dot HP230511100045 ACP +PGolden Saber BJHP2305111000

Winchester Ammunition Ballistics

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RoundTypeWeightMuzzle Energy ft·lbMuzzle Velocity ft/sec.45 ACPFMJ23035683545 ACPT-Series23039688045 ACPFMJFN18534091045 ACPFMJFN23034091045 ACPJHP23039688045 ACPBEB18534091045 ACPBEB23035683545 ACPSTHP1854111000

 

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.45 Auto (.45 ACP) Ballistics

Ballistics and Drop for the .45 Auto (.45 ACP)

.45-auto-(.45-acp)

Cartridge Type: Handgun
Height: 0.898"
Width: 0.48"
Average FPS: 937
Average Energy: 403
Average Gr: 207
Recoil: 0.93
Power Rank: 3.88 of 7

.45 Auto / ACP is the top end pistol cartridge that packs more energy than the 9mm, the 40 S & W, and of course the dinky 380 ACP. The only common pistol round more powerful is the .357 Magnum and the 50 Action Express (the 50 being not so popular really)

.

The 45 ACP was designed by the late and famous John Browning for his 45 Colt Pistol at the time a prototype. The squat little 45 round provided excellent "stopping power", and effective penetration in the current ballistic tests. Despite this fact more local police, and military personnel carry either the 40 cal, or the 9mm due to capacity issues. While a .45 in the right hands is most likely the superior round the extra capacity afforded by the 9 or 40 provides room for less than spectacular shots.

We took the average of all the 45 auto bullets in our database and the average fps from barrel is 937, average energy 403 lbs, average gr being 207 (they don't make a 207 gr that is just the average folks), and we've given it a power rank of 3.88 out of 5 pistol rank.

So in summary if you are a medium to large build man/woman and you are fairly accurate with a pistol or can swap mags fast, and you are looking for a bullet to put the bad guys on their ass the 45 ACP may be the cartridge for you.

*Casing image above is an artist rendering and not a real photo of .45 Auto (.45 ACP) Ballistics cartridge. While we have went to great lengths to make sure that it's as accurate as possible this rendering should not be used to generate specs for casings.

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Handpicked .45 Auto (.45 ACP) Ballistics Videos from YouTube

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Known Rounds

.45 Auto (.45 ACP)-Winchester Jacketed Hollow Point, .45 Auto (.45 ACP)-Magtech FMJ, .45 Auto (.45 ACP)-Winchester Silvertip Hollow Point, .45 Auto (.45 ACP)-Cor-Bon JHP + P, .45 Auto (.45 ACP)-Federal FMJ - SWC Match, .45 Auto (.45 ACP)-Fiocchi Frangible Leadless, .45 Auto (.45 ACP)-Magtech LSWC, .45 Auto (.45 ACP)-Fiocchi FMJ EB, .45 Auto (.45 ACP)-Hornady JHP/XTP + P, .45 Auto (.45 ACP)-Cor-Bon JHP + P, .45 Auto (.45 ACP)-Ultramax SWC, .45 Auto (.45 ACP)-Winchester Jacketed Flat Point - Super Clean, .45 Auto (.45 ACP)-Black Hills Full Metal Jacket, .45 Auto (.45 ACP)-Remington Jacketed Hollow Point, .45 Auto (.45 ACP)-PMC Full Metal Jacket,

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Other Cartridges with Similar Widths (cartridges not bullets)

.32 Winchester Special, .25 Winchester Super Short Magnum (WSSM), .270 Winchester Short Magnum, 7.62x39mm Russian, .300 Remington Ultra Magnum, .500 Smith & Wesson Special Magnum, 7mm-08 Remington, .44 Remington Magnum (Pistol Data), .22 LR, 9.3x74R, .338 Winchester Magnum, 10mm Auto, .356 Winchester, .416 Remington Magnum, .577 Nitro Express 3-Inch,

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Other Cartridges with Similar Length

.44 Remington Magnum (Rifle Data), .32 Auto (7.65mm Browning), .405 Winchester, 10.57mm (.416) Lazzeroni Meteor, .338 A Square, .17 Aguila, .300 Remington Ultra Magnum, 6.8mm Remington SPC, 7.21mm (.284) Lazzeroni Firebird, .45 Auto (.45 ACP), .45 Colt (often called .45 Long Colt), 6.53mm (.257) Lazzeroni Scramjet, .375 Weatherby Magnum, .204 Ruger, .458 Lott,

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Bullet Database

View Entire Bullet Database View Entire Bullet Database   Custom ReportCreate Your Free Custom Ballistic Report

Power Rank

The PowerRank is an estimation of the cartridge power. The first number is the value of this cartridge, and the last number is the value of the most powerful round in our bullet database.

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Sours: http://gundata.org/cartridge/154/.45-auto-(.45-acp)/

Other Resources

BBTI is not the end-all of ballistics testing, just one more component available for the common good.  In addition to extensive discussion about ballistics to be found at many gun forums, here are some other great resources pertaining to ballistics testing you should check out.  (And if you would like to recommend a site to list here, please send an email.)
  • BrassFetcher:  excellent resource, with an emphasis on bullet performance in ballistic gelatin
  • The Box O' Truth:  testing ammo penetration through various barriers
  • Terminal Ballistics Research:  Specializes in the research of cartridge & projectile performance, using hard data gathered from 20 years of hunting game.

Acknowledgements

We'd like to personally and specifically thank Pat Childs at Fin & Feather in Iowa City, as he not only helped get most of our ammunition and other supplies, he was the brilliant gunsmith who worked with us to make this insane project much more practical.  Without his help all of this would have been much more difficult and perhaps impossible.  Anyone who uses our data owes him a debt of gratitude.

And thanks to our spouses, who were not just tolerant but enthusiastically supportive of this rather nutty project.

Disclaimer

This project, and all of its results, is only our fault.  We (well, Jim K, mostly) paid for everything ourselves, and we did not receive any kind of sponsorship or remuneration from anyone.  We did all the work.  We used products we were either familiar with, or because they were what was available, and mentioning them by name does not constitute an endorsement of any kind.  Furthermore, the data is provided purely for entertainment purposes - to better facilitate arguments over what ammo or caliber or gun is "best."  How you use the data is entirely up to you.  And if you think you could do better, feel free to spend the money and do the work and publish your own results.  Or not.  Your choice.

 

Sours: http://www.ballisticsbytheinch.com/45auto.html

Ballistics 45 acp

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Black Talon Ballistic Gel Test ** 45 ACP \u0026 10mm **

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Now discussing:

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