Roku 2017 models

Roku 2017 models DEFAULT

Roku upgrade guide: Should you buy a new box?

Of all the companies making streaming TV devices today, Roku is the most prolific, having released more than two dozen streaming players and sticks over the last eight years.

With so many Roku players in the wild, the decision on when to upgrade can be daunting. I’m generally in favor of keeping what you have for as long as you can tolerate it; but if you’re curious what you’re missing by holding out on upgrading to a new Roku, here’s a rundown.

Do you want the latest apps?

The best Roku for most people

All Roku players that launched in 2010 or earlier are no longer receiving firmware updates, app updates, or new app releases. By sticking with one of these “Classic” Roku models, you’re missing out on countless new apps, including some major streaming services such as PlayStation Vue, Starz, HBO Now, and CW. Consider upgrading if you’re not getting all the content you care about.

Roku models missing out: Roku N1000, Roku SD (N1050), Roku HD (N1100 and 2000), Roku HD-XR (N1101), Roku XD (2050), and Roku XDS (2100).

Do you want universal search and watchlists?

“Classic” Roku players aren’t just lacking new apps. They’re also missing new features like universal search and Roku Feed, which lets you keep track of new TV episodes and movie price changes across multiple streaming services. All Roku players produced after 2010 include these features, both on the device itself and in Roku’s mobile apps.

Roku models missing out: Roku N1000, Roku SD (N1050), Roku HD (N1100 and 2000), Roku HD-XR (N1101), Roku XD (2050), and Roku XDS (2100).

Rokus compared 2017Jared Newman

Do you have multiple Netflix users?

Many older Roku models—including any that launched in 2012 or earlier—run an outdated version of Netflix that doesn’t support profiles. That means users can’t get individualized recommendations or access to “Kids” mode. Avid Netflix users might want to upgrade, if only to cut down on wasted time browsing through irrelevant content.

Roku models missing out: Roku N1000, Roku SD (N1050), Roku HD (N1100, 2000, and 2500), Roku HD-XR (N1101), Roku XD (2050 and 3050), Roku XDS (2100), Roku LT (2400, 2450, 2700), Roku 2 HD (3000), Roku 2 XD (3050), Roku 2 XS (3100), Roku Streaming Stick MHL (3400, 3420), Roku 1 and SE (2710), and Roku 2 (2720).

Roku UltraJared Newman

Have you upgraded to a higher-end TV?

The right choice for hardcore Apple fans

Some older Roku players don't support full high-definition video (1080p); they're limited to high definition (720p) or standard definition (480p). The newest players start at full high definition (1080p), and some support 4K (2160p) resolution and HDR (high dynamic range). If you care deeply about picture quality and have a television that supports these formats, it’s time to consider an upgrade.

Roku models missing out (limited to 720p HD or SD): Roku N1000, Roku SD (N1050), Roku HD (N1100, 2000, and 2500), Roku LT (2400, 2450, and 2700), and Roku 2 HD (3000).

Roku models missing out (limited to 1080p HD): All Roku players except Roku 4, Roku Premiere, Roku Premiere+, and Roku Ultra. (Premiere+ and Ultra also support HDR.)

Roku models missing out (limited to 4K without HDR): All Roku players except Roku Premiere+, Roku Streaming Stick+, and Roku Ultra.

Does your remote feel finicky?

Many early Roku remotes—and some current ones—use infrared instead of radio frequency to communicate with the box. This requires line of sight, which precludes you from mounting the Roku behind the television or hiding it inside an entertainment center cabinet. IR can also be unreliable at long range. (The only upside to IR-enabled Rokus: They’ll work with lower-end programmable universal remotes, such as Logitech Harmony models that don't support RF.)

Roku models missing out: All Roku players except Roku Streaming Stick (3400, 3420, 3500, 3600), Roku 3 (all versions), Roku 4, Roku Premiere+, and Roku Ultra.

roku stick heroJared Newman / IDG

Do you want to listen privately?

Don't overlook this Roku alternative

One of Roku’s neatest features is its ability to play audio through headphones, either with a supported remote control or with Roku’s mobile app. It’s a nice way to watch action films at night without waking the kids.

Roku models missing out (lacking remote private listening): Roku 3 (4200 and 4230), Roku 4, Roku Premiere+, and Roku Ultra.

Roku models missing out (lacking smartphone private listening): All Roku players except Roku Express, Roku Express+, Roku Streaming Stick (2016 and later), Roku Streaming Stick+, Roku Premiere, Roku Premiere+, and Roku Ultra.

Do you lose the remote a lot?

In recent years, Roku has introduced a handy feature for the forgetful: Press a button on the box, and a siren will sound on the remote to help you find it. Unfortunately, this feature has only been available on the priciest players.

Roku models missing out: All Roku players except Roku 4 or Roku Ultra.

Do you have connectivity problems?

With a dual-band wireless router, you can get a more reliable connection on the less-congested 5GHz frequency band, but only if your device supports it. Many older Roku models only support single-band Wi-Fi, and even some recent ones don’t support the latest 802.11ac standard. Consider upgrading if your Roku’s streaming quality doesn’t seem to match your internet speed and/or your router's capabilities.

Roku models missing out: All Roku players except Roku 4, Roku Premiere, Roku Premiere+, Roku Streaming Stick (2017), Roku Streaming Stick+, and Roku Ultra.

rokuexpressrearJared Newman / TechHive

Could you use a speed boost?

Amazon's take on the streaming stick

Roku players have generally become much more powerful over the past few years, allowing you to scroll smoothly through menus and load apps without delay. If you’re frustrated by the performance of your current Roku, consider upgrading to one of the models below.

Roku models missing out: All Roku players except Roku 3 (2015 model), Roku 4, Roku Streaming Stick (2016 and newer), Roku Express (2017 model), Roku Premiere, Roku Premiere+, and Roku Ultra.

Do you want built-in TV volume and power controls?

In 2017, Roku started putting TV volume and power buttons on some of its remote controls, along with a built-in infrared emitter to communicate with most televisions. Unless you have a universal remote such as Logitech Harmony, this is an invaluable addition that saves you from having to juggle multiple remotes.

Roku models missing out: All Roku players except Roku Streaming Stick (2017), Roku Streaming Stick+, and Roku Ultra (2017)

Should you even buy a Roku?

Roku, of course, isn’t the only streaming-device maker on the market. Although Roku’s Streaming Stick and Streaming Stick+ are excellent options, you might also want to consider the competition. Check out our reviews of the Amazon Fire TV, Amazon Fire TV Stick, Apple TV 4K, Nvidia Shield TV, and Chromecast for more details.

Sign up for Jared’s Cord Cutter Weekly newsletter to get this column and other cord-cutting news, insights, and deals delivered to your inbox.

Editor's note: This story was updated in its entirety on November 20, 2017 to reflect the current competitive landscape.

Note: When you purchase something after clicking links in our articles, we may earn a small commission. Read our affiliate link policy for more details.

  • Roku’s stellar mid-range streamer gets even better, adding TV controls and voice recognition.

    Pros

    • No separate remote necessary for TV volume and power
    • Zippy interface with some much-improved apps
    • Simple to setup and use

    Cons

    • Voice control features are inferior to other platforms
    • Interface could use some fresh ideas for content discovery
    • Advertisement takes up almost half the home screen
  • Roku's mid-range streamer gets even better, with TV controls, voice recognition, and 4K HDR video.

    Pros

    • No separate remote necessary for TV volume and power
    • Zippy interface with some much-improved apps
    • 4K HDR on the cheap

    Cons

    • Voice control features are inferior to other platforms
    • Interface could use some fresh ideas for content discovery
    • Advertisement takes up almost half the home screen
  • The least expensive Roku is much faster now, but the best Roku still doesn’t cost much more.

    Pros

    • Performance is much improved over last year's Express
    • Has nearly all the same software features as pricier Roku players
    • Still the cheapest streaming player on the market

    Cons

    • Remote requires line-of-sight to the box
    • Single-band 802.11n Wi-Fi could be troublesome in areas with weak reception
    • No TV or voice controls on the remote like other Roku models
  • At $100, this Roku hits the sweet spot for 4K HDR TV owners.

    Pros

    • Speedy performance and 4K HDR support in a compact and reasonably-priced package
    • Remote headphone jack is a nice touch
    • Roku Feed is helpful for tracking new TV episodes and movie prices

    Cons

    • Performance gains over $50 Roku Streaming Stick are barely noticeable
    • $100 price point no longer includes USB storage and voice remote
    • App quality is falling behind other platforms
  • Some people might need Roku's most-expensive streamer, but its cheaper Streaming Sticks should be fine for most.

    Pros

    • The remote’s TV controls are a major improvement
    • It has an ethernet port
    • Straightforward software

    Cons

    • Software lacks ambitious ideas
    • Voice recognition can be spotty
    • No more optical audio port

Jared Newman covers personal technology from his remote Cincinnati outpost. He also publishes two newsletters, Advisorator for tech advice and Cord Cutter Weekly for help with ditching cable or satellite TV.

Sours: https://www.techhive.com/article/3167253/roku-upgrade-guide-should-you-buy-a-new-box.html

Roku Streaming Stick 2017 review: The best streamer if you don't want 4K or HDR

Update: Winter 2018/2019

On the other hand, if you want the absolute most affordable Roku streaming experience, opt for the Roku Express 2017 (for HDMI TVs) or the Roku Express Plus 2017 (for older analog TVs with only composite yellow/red/white AV inputs).

Check out CNET's best media streamers for more information on competitive products.

The original review of the 2017 Roku Streaming Stick -- first published Dec. 15, 2017, and otherwise mostly unchanged -- follows.


These days just about every TV above 49 inches or $300 has 4K resolution and probably high dynamic range, too, so if you're buying a streaming device for a newer TV, chances are you want one that does that stuff. My favorite this year is the $70 Roku Streaming Stick Plus. 

But let's say you don't care about 4K streaming or HDR. Maybe you want to connect that new streamer to an older or smaller TV. Or maybe $70 is just too expensive for 4K's admittedly minor boost in video quality. Or perhaps your TV's HDR kinda sucks. 

For you, 2K SDR dude, the cheapest option is the Roku Express, a device that's packed with all the typical Roku goodness: the industry's best selection of apps, awesome search and the simplest menu system. But the better option is the Streaming Stick.

So compared to the Express, what does the extra money for Roku's latest non-4K Streaming Stick get you? 

  • A sleeker design that hides behind your TV and plugs directly into HDMI, no cord required
  • A remote you don't have to aim at the TV
  • Voice search and voice command from the remote
  • The ability to control your TV's volume and power from the Roku remote

This last one's the biggie. New for 2017, the Roku Streaming Stick's clicker has volume and power buttons that can control just about any TV, and setup is a cinch. If you're sick of having to reach for your TV's remote just to turn it on and adjust volume, stepping up to the Stick might be worth it.

The Stick is also Roku's cheapest device ever to build voice search into the remote, along with some basic commands such as, "launch Netflix" or, "show me some comedies." It's no Alexa-infused Fire TV, however. Speaking of...

Where's the Fire (TV)?

The Roku Streaming Stick's biggest competition is the $40 Amazon Fire TV Stick with Alexa Voice Remote. It's cheaper than the Roku, and runs circles around it for voice control. You can use its voice remote to ask Alexa for just about anything and get relevant results, including onscreen displays like the weather and Wikipedia entries. Better yet, if you own an Echo speaker you can use it to control Fire TV hands-free, no remote required.

But I still like the Roku better for a few reasons. Its menu system is simpler and more familiar, and not cluttered with Amazon ads and promotions everywhere. Where every item in Amazon's system seems designed to push you toward that company's own videos, Roku takes a neutral approach, not prioritizing any one provider over another. Yes, the Fire TV looks cleaner and more modern, but the Roku is easier to customize. And Roku's cross-app search is much better than Amazon's, including its excellent ability to compare pricing across different apps -- including, yes, Amazon Video itself. 

If you're a heavy Alexa user and don't mind Amazon's pushy menus, the Fire TV stick is probably a better choice than Roku's stick, but otherwise, get the Roku. Especially if you want to be sure you can access YouTube.

Ditch your TV's remote

If you only pick up your TV's original remote to turn it on or adjust the volume, Roku's new clicker has another advantage over the Fire TV. Its power and volume controls worked great on multiple TVs.

Setup was super simple. Instead of making you enter some numeric code, as required by most cheap universal remotes, Roku knows what TV you have and programs itself automatically.

The secret is the extended display information data (EDID) in your TV. EDID is essentially a list of information about the set -- brand, model, size and other characteristics such as what signals it can accept -- that can be transmitted over the HDMI plug. The Roku reads this data and sends it to the remote, programming its power and volume buttons wirelessly. The only thing you have to do for setup is confirm it works, by adjusting the volume of a music sample.

Roku's system primarily uses infrared commands, so you have to keep the remote pointed at the TV for it to work. Of course you don't need to aim the remote to control the Stick itself -- that's handled via Wi-Fi -- just TV volume and power. 

The Fire TV uses a less reliable system, HDMI CEC, for input switching and TV power, but doesn't have any way to control volume. The Roku also uses CEC, for example to switch inputs automatically, and it worked well on the newer TVs I tested. Ideally I'd like it to include an input button (and corresponding IR commands) on the remote too. Still, Roku's control scheme is the best and most universal of any streamer.

Roku Stick quick hits

  • In my tests the Stick was just as quick and responsive moving around menus and launching apps as the Fire TV and the Streaming Stick Plus, and a tad quicker in some cases than the Roku Express. 
  • Power is supplied by an included USB adapter and cable. You can power the Stick from a free USB port on your TV, but it will take longer to boot up.
  • Like most new streamers (but not the Express), the Roku Streaming Stick can access less crowded 5GHz Wi-Fi networks in addition to 2.4GHz ones.
  • The Roku mobile app also lets you listen privately by plugging headphones into your phone or tablet. Doing so automatically mutes the audio on your TV.
  • The menus on some prominent apps, such as PlayStation Vue, HBO Now and Watch ESPN, are better on the Fire TV than on the Roku, with a more updated interface and in some cases, more features. Many others, however, including Netflix, YouTube, Hulu and Sling TV, are basically the same on both, and Vue is getting a Roku update soon.
  • The exclusive Roku Channel app has free on-demand movies (with ads). The selection is a lot better than you'd think, and the ads aren't that bad, although you might have to put up with some awkward breaks.

The king of (non-4K) streamers, FWIW

As I said above, and in the Streaming Stick Plus review, for many people it's worth getting something that can do 4K and high dynamic range. You could slap the Plus on your TV (or your next TV) and put your old, non-4K streamer on a secondary set. 

And for many others, the non-4K Streaming Stick's fancy remote isn't worth the extra money compared to the cheaper Express, which does pretty much everything you really need and performs just as well.

The appeal of the Roku Streaming Stick is much less broad than last year's version, mainly because of the Rokus above and below it in the lineup. That said, the 2017 Stick is still my top streamer recommendation if you don't care about 4K.

Sours: https://www.cnet.com/reviews/roku-streaming-stick-2017-review/
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New Roku Models Are Available (2017 Lineup)

The new Roku models are available (2017 Lineup). Roku boasts their new streaming media players are more powerful, improve wireless reception, have new features, and are a better value. The price range of these new Roku streaming devices is $29.99 to $99.99.

The new Roku models can be purchased at several major retailers including Roku.com, Walmart, Best Buy, Amazon, Target, and Kohl’s.

As an Amazon Associate and affiliate, we earn from qualifying purchases.

New Roku Models Are Available (2017 Lineup)

Buying Tip: When buying a Roku be sure to check for the 2017 Roku model numbers. Many retailers will continue to offer the 2016 Roku models, perhaps at reduced prices to sell out old stock.

Quick Review Of The New Roku Lineup

Here is a quick review of the new Roku lineup (2017).

Roku Express (3900)

  • Roku Model 3900
  • $29.99
  • 5X more powerful
  • HDMI Input
  • HDMI cable included
  • Wireless (802.11 b/g/n)

Roku Express+ (3910RW)

The Roku Express+ has the same features as the Roku Express, but includes Composite A/V ports (red, yellow, white). This allows the Roku Express+ to be used with older TVs that have Composite A/V ports.

  • Roku Model 3910 RW
  • $39.99
  • HDMI & Composite A/V ports (red, yellow, white)
  • HDMI cable included
  • Wireless (802.11 b/g/n)
  • Exclusive to Walmart

Order now from Walmart.com … Roku Express+ HD-NEW

Roku Streaming Stick (3800)

  • Roku Model 3800
  • $49.99
  • Great to hide behind a TV – Reducing clutter – Hotel & dorm use
  • Wireless (802.11ac dual-band MIMO)
  • Voice remote with TV power and volume buttons
  • Wireless Remote (Remote does not need line of site to the Roku device)
  • Voice search via Roku remote
  • TV Power & Volume Buttons

Roku Streaming Stick+ (3810)

The Roku Streaming Stick+ has the same features as the Roku Streaming Stick, but includes a wireless receiver built into the power cord that improves the wireless range of the Roku AND supports 4K Ultra HD up to 60fps.

  • Roku Model 3810
  • $69.99
  • Great to hide behind a TV – Reducing clutter – Hotel & dorm use
  • Voice remote with TV power & volume buttons
  • Wireless (802.11ac dual-band MIMO)
  • Voice search via Roku remote
  • TV Power & Volume Buttons
  • Advanced Wireless Receiver For Improved Range
  • 4K Ultra HD and HDR (4K video via HDCP 2.2 HDMI®)

Roku Ultra (4660)

  • Roku Model 4660
  • $99.99
  • Wired Ethernet or Wireless (802.11ac dual-band MIMO)
  • Voice remote with TV power and volume buttons
  • TV Power & Volume Buttons
  • 4K Ultra HD and HDR (4K video via HDCP 2.2 HDMI®)
  • Headphone jack on the remote for personal listening
  • MicroSD slot (micro SD card improves streaming channel load times)
  • Lost Remote Finder
  • Remote Gaming Buttons

More…How to Setup the Roku App

Related… Roku Is Still The Cord-Cutter’s Favorite



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Roku

Brand of streaming media players

Not to be confused with Ruku.

For the company which makes the devices, see Roku, Inc. For other uses, see Roku (disambiguation).

Roku (ROH-koo) is a brand of hardware digital media players manufactured by American company Roku, Inc. They offer access to streaming media content from various online services.

The first Roku model, developed in collaboration with Netflix, was introduced in May 2008. Roku devices have been considered influential on the digital media player market, helping to popularize the concept of low-cost, small-form-factor set-top boxes for over-the-top media consumption.[1] Roku has also licensed its platform as middleware for smart TVs.

As of August 2021, Roku has more than 55 million active accounts, according to its quarterly earnings report.[2]

History[edit]

Roku was founded by Anthony Wood in 2002, who had previously founded ReplayTV, a DVR company that competed with Tivo.[3] After ReplayTV's failure, Wood worked for a while at Netflix. In 2007, Wood's company began working with Netflix on Project:Griffin, a set-top box to allow Netflix users to stream Netflix content to their TVs.[3] Only a few weeks before the project's launch, Netflix's founder Reed Hastings decided it would hamper license arrangements with third parties, potentially keeping Netflix off other similar platforms, and killed the project.[4]Fast Company magazine cited the decision to kill the project as "one of Netflix's riskiest moves".[4]

Netflix decided instead to spin off the company, and Roku released their first set-top box in 2008.[5] In 2010 they began offering models with various capabilities, which eventually became their standard business model.[5] In 2014, Roku partnered with smart TV manufacturers to produce TVs with built-in Roku functionality.[3] In 2015, Roku won the inaugural Emmy for Television Enhancement Devices.

In 2019, Roku acquired dataxu, an advertising technology company for $150 million.[6]

Roku streaming players[edit]

First generation[edit]

Original form factor XD/S

The first Roku model, the Roku DVP N1000, was unveiled on May 20, 2008. It was developed in partnership with Netflix to serve as a standalone set-top box for its recently introduced "Watch Instantly" service. The goal was to produce a device with a small footprint that could be sold at low cost compared to larger digital video recorders and video game consoles. It features an NXP PNX8935 video decoder supporting both standard and high definition formats up to 720p; HDMI output; and automatic software updates, including the addition of new channels for other video services.[7][1][8]

Roku launched two new models in October 2009: the Roku SD (a simplified version of the DVP, with only analog AV outputs); and the Roku HD-XR, an updated version with 802.11n Wi-Fi and a USB port for future functionality. The Roku DVP was retroactively renamed the Roku HD. By then, Roku had added support for other services. The next month, they introduced the Channel Store, where users could download third-party apps for other content services (including the possibility of private services for specific uses).[9][10]

Netflix support was initially dependent on a PC, requiring users to add content to their "Instant Queue" from the service's web interface before it could be accessed via the Roku. In May 2010, the channel was updated to allow users to search the Netflix library directly from the device.[11]

In August 2010, Roku announced plans to add 1080p video support to the HD-XR.[12] The next month, they released an updated lineup with thinner form factors: a new HD; the XD, with 1080p support; and the XDS, with optical audio, dual-band Wi-Fi, and a USB port. The XD and XDS also included an updated remote.[13]

Support for the first-generation Roku models ended in September 2015.[14]

Second generation[edit]

In July 2011, Roku unveiled its second generation of players, branded as Roku 2 HD, XD, and XS. All three models include 802.11n, and also add microSD slots and Bluetooth. The XD and XS support 1080p, and only the XS model includes an Ethernet connector and USB port. They also support the "Roku Game Remote"—a Bluetooth remote with motion controller support for games, which was bundled with the XS and sold separately for other models.[15] The Roku LT was unveiled in October, as an entry-level model with no Bluetooth or microSD support.[16]

In January 2012, Roku unveiled the Streaming Stick - a new model condensed into a dongle form factor using Mobile High-Definition Link (MHL).[17][18] Later in October, Roku introduced a new search feature to the second-generation models, aggregating content from services usable on the device.[19]

Third generation[edit]

Roku unveiled its third-generation models in March 2013, the Roku 3 and Roku 2. The Roku 3 contains an upgraded CPU over the 2 XS, and a Wi-Fi Direct remote with an integrated headphone jack. The Roku 2 features only the faster CPU.[20][21]

Fourth generation[edit]

In October 2015, Roku introduced the Roku 4; the device contains upgraded hardware with support for 4K resolution video, as well as 802.11ac wireless.[22]

Fifth generation[edit]

Roku revamped their entire streaming player line-up with five new models in September 2016 (low end Roku Express, Roku Express+, high end Roku Premiere, Roku Premiere+, and top-of-the-line Roku Ultra), while the Streaming Stick (3600) was held over from the previous generation (having been released the previous April) as a sixth option.[23] The Roku Premiere+ and Roku Ultra support HDR video using HDR10.[24]

Sixth generation[edit]

In October 2017, Roku introduced its sixth generation of products. The Premiere and Premiere+ models were discontinued, the Streaming Stick+ (with an enhanced Wi-Fi antenna device) was introduced, as well as new processors for the Roku Streaming Stick, Roku Express, and Roku Express+.[25]

Seventh generation[edit]

In September 2018, Roku introduced the seventh generation of products. Carrying over from the 2017 sixth-generation without any changes were the Express (3900), Express+ (3910), Streaming Stick (3800), and Streaming Stick+ (3810). The Ultra is the same hardware device from 2017, but it comes with JBL premium headphones and is repackaged with the new model number 4661. Roku has resurrected the Premiere and Premiere+ names, but these two new models bear little resemblance to the 2016 fifth-generation Premiere (4620) and Premiere+ (4630) models. The new Premiere (3920) and Premiere+ (3921) are essentially based on the Express (3900) model with 4K support added, it also includes Roku Streaming Stick+ Headphone Edition (3811) for improving Wifi signal strength and private listening.

Eighth generation[edit]

In September 2019, Roku introduced the eighth generation of products.[26]

The same year, Netflix decided not to support older generations of Roku, including the Roku HD, HD-XR, SD, XD, and XDS, as well as the NetGear-branded XD and XDS. Roku had warned in 2015 that it would stop updating players made in May 2011 or earlier, and these vintage boxes were among them.[27]

Ninth generation[edit]

On September 28, 2020, Roku introduced the ninth generation of products.[28] An updated Roku Ultra was released along with the addition of the Roku Streambar, a 2-in-1 Roku and Soundbar device. The microSD slot was removed from the new Ultra 4800, making it the first top-tier Roku device since the first generation to lack this feature. On April 14, 2021, Roku announced the Roku Express 4K+, replacing the 8th generation Roku Express devices, the Voice Remote Pro as an optional upgrade for existing Roku players, and Roku OS 10 for all modern Roku devices.[29]

Tenth generation[edit]

On September 20, 2021, Roku introduced the tenth generation of products.[30] The Roku Streaming Stick 4K[31] was announced along with the Roku Streaming Stick 4K+ which includes an upgraded rechargeable Roku Voice Remote Pro with lost remote finder.[32] Roku announced an updated Roku Ultra LT with a faster processor, stronger Wi-Fi and Dolby Vision as well as Bluetooth audio streaming and built-in ethernet support.[33] Roku also announced Roku OS 10.5 with several new and improved features.[34]

Feature comparison[edit]

Model Introduced Video outputs Video resolutions Audio output Network USB Remote Processor Memory Channel storage [note 1]micro
SD
slot
Netflix with Profiles
Composite,
S-Video
Component,
HDMI
480i,
480p
720p,
1080p (HD)
2160p
(4K)
Analog Optical,
HDMI
Ethernet 802.11
wireless
First generation
Roku DVP (N1000) May 2008 Both Both Both 720p No Yes Both Yes b/g No IR PNX8935 400 MHz [35][36][37]256 MB 64 MB[38]No No
Roku SD (N1050) Oct 2009 Composite Neither 480i Neither No Yes Neither Yes b/g No IR PNX8935 400 MHz[38][39]256 MB 64 MB[38]No No
Roku HD (N1100) Nov 2009 Both Both Both 720p No Yes Both Yes b/g No IR PNX8935 400 MHz[38][39]256 MB 64 MB[38]No No
Roku HD-XR (N1101) Oct 2009 Both Both Both Both[note 2]No Yes Both Yes a/b/g/n dual-band Yes IR PNX8935 400 MHz[38][39]256 MB 256 MB[38]No No
Roku HD (2000) Sep 2010 Composite HDMI Both 720p No Yes HDMI Yes b/g No IR PNX8935 400 MHz[38]256 MB 64 MB[38]No No
Roku XD (2050) Sep 2010 Composite HDMI Both Both[note 2]No Yes HDMI Yes b/g/n No IR PNX8935 400 MHz[38][40]256 MB 64 MB[38]No No
Roku XDS (2100) Sep 2010 Composite Both[note 3]Both Both[note 2]No Yes Both Yes a/b/g/n dual-band Yes IR PNX8935 400 MHz[37][42]256 MB 256 MB[38]No No
Second generation
Model Introduced Video outputs Video resolutions Audio output Network USB Remote Processor Memory Channel storage [note 1]micro
SD
slot
Netflix with Profiles
Composite,
S-Video
Component,
HDMI
480i,
480p
720p,
1080p (HD)
2160p
(4K)
Analog Optical,
HDMI
Ethernet 802.11
wireless
Roku LT (2400) Nov 2011 Composite HDMI Both 720p No Yes HDMI No b/g/n No IR BCM2835 600 MHz[38][43]256 MB 256 MB[38]No No
Roku LT (2450) Apr 2012 Composite HDMI Both 720p No Yes HDMI No b/g/n No IR BCM7208 405 MHz[38]256 MB 256 MB[38]No No
Roku HD (2500) Apr 2012 Composite HDMI Both 720p No Yes HDMI No b/g/n No IR BCM7208 405 MHz[44]256 MB[44]256 MB[44]No No
Roku 2 HD (3000) Jul 2011 Composite HDMI Both 720p No Yes HDMI No b/g/n No IR[note 4]BCM2835 600 MHz[38][45]256 MB 256 MB[38]Yes No
Roku 2 XD (3050) Jul 2011 Composite HDMI Both Both[note 5]No Yes HDMI No b/g/n No IR[note 4]BCM2835 600 MHz[38][45]256 MB 256 MB[38]Yes No
Roku 2 XS (3100) Jul 2011 Composite HDMI Both Both[note 5]No Yes HDMI Yes b/g/n Yes IR, Bluetooth BCM2835 600 MHz [45][46]256 MB 256 MB[38]Yes No
Roku Streaming Stick, MHL (3400, 3420) Oct 2012 Neither MHL only 480p Both[note 6]No No HDMI No b/g/n dual-band[47]No Wi-Fi Direct BCM2835 600 MHz[38]256 MB[48]512 MB No No
Roku Streaming Stick, HDMI (3500) Mar 2014[49]Neither HDMI Neither Both No No HDMI No a/b/g/n dual-band No Wi-Fi Direct BCM2835 600 MHz 512 MB 256 MB No Yes
Third generation
Model Introduced Video outputs Video resolutions Audio output Network USB Remote Processor Memory Channel storage [note 1]micro
SD
slot
Netflix
with
Profiles[50]
Composite,
S-Video
Component,
HDMI
480i,
480p
720p,
1080p (HD)
2160p
(4K)
Analog Optical,
HDMI
Ethernet 802.11
wireless
Roku LT (2700) Sep 2013 Composite HDMI Both 720p No Yes HDMI No b/g/n No IR BCM7218 600 MHz 512 MB 256 MB No No
Roku 1, SE (2710) Sep 2013 Composite HDMI Both Both No Yes HDMI No b/g/n No IR BCM7218 600 MHz 512 MB 256 MB No No
Roku 2 (2720) Sep 2013 Composite HDMI Both Both No Yes & Remote HDMI No a/b/g/n dual-band No IR, Wi-Fi Direct BCM7218 600 MHz 512 MB 256 MB No No
Roku 3 (4200) Mar 2013 Neither HDMI Neither Both No Remote[note 7]HDMI Yes a/b/g/n dual-band Yes IR, Wi-Fi Direct BCM11130 900 MHz 512 MB 256 MB Yes Yes
Roku 2 (4210) Apr 2015 Neither HDMI Neither Both No No HDMI Yes a/b/g/n dual-band Yes IR[note 8]BCM11130 900 MHz 512 MB 256 MB Yes Yes
Roku 3 (4230) Apr 2015 Neither HDMI Neither Both No Remote[note 7]HDMI Yes a/b/g/n dual-band Yes IR, Wi-Fi Direct, Voice Search BCM11130 900 MHz 512 MB 256 MB Yes Yes
Fourth generation
Model Introduced Video outputs Video resolutions Audio output Network USB Remote Processor Memory Channel storage [note 1]micro
SD
slot
Netflix
with
Profiles[50]
Composite,
S-Video
Component,
HDMI
480i,
480p
720p,
1080p (HD)
2160p
(4K)
Analog Optical,
HDMI
Ethernet 802.11
wireless
Roku Streaming Stick (3600) [51]Apr 2016 Neither HDMI Neither Both No Stream to smartphone HDMI No a/b/g/n dual-band No Wi-Fi Direct BCM2836 900 MHz[52][53]512 MB 256 MB No Yes
Roku 4 (4400) [54]Oct 2015 Neither HDMI Neither Both Yes Remote[note 7]Optical & HDMI Yes, 10/100 Mbps a/b/g/n/ac dual-band Yes IR, Wi-Fi Direct, Voice Search STV7723A01 [55]1.5 GB 512 MB Yes Yes
Fifth generation
Model Introduced Video outputs Video resolutions Audio output Network USB Remote Processor Memory Channel storage [note 1]micro
SD
slot
Netflix
with
Profiles[50]
Composite,
S-Video
Component,
HDMI
480i,
480p
720p60,
1080p60 (HD)
2160p60
(4K)
Analog Optical,
HDMI
Ethernet 802.11
wireless
Roku Express (3700) Oct 2016 Neither HDMI Neither Both No Stream to smartphone HDMI No b/g/n No IR MStar MSA3Z177Z1[56] 900 MHz 512 MB 256 MB No Yes
Roku Express+ (3710) Oct 2016 Composite HDMI 480i Both No Yes & Stream to smartphone HDMI No b/g/n No IR MSA3Z177Z1 900 MHz 512 MB 256 MB No Yes
Roku Premiere (4620) Oct 2016 Neither HDMI Neither Both Yes Stream to smartphone HDMI No a/b/g/n/ac dual-band No IR MStar MSO9380 1.2 GHz 1 GB 512 MB No Yes
Roku Premiere+ (4630) Oct 2016 Neither HDMI Neither Both Yes Remote[note 7] & Stream to smartphone HDMI Yes, 10/100 Mbps a/b/g/n/ac dual-band No IR, Wi-Fi Direct MStar MSO9380 1.2 GHz 1 GB 512 MB Yes Yes
Roku Ultra (4640) Oct 2016 Neither HDMI Neither Both Yes Remote[note 7] & Stream to smartphone Optical & HDMI Yes, 10/100 Mbps a/b/g/n/ac dual-band Yes IR, Wi-Fi Direct, Voice Search MStar MSO9380 1.2 GHz 1 GB 1 GB Yes Yes
Sixth generation
Model Introduced Video outputs Video resolutions HDR format Audio output Network USB Remote Processor [57]Memory Channel storage [note 1]micro
SD
slot
Netflix
with
Profiles[50]
Composite,
S-Video
Component,
HDMI
480i,
480p
720p60,
1080p60 (HD)
2160p60
(4K)
HDR10/Dolby Vision Analog Optical,
HDMI
Ethernet 802.11
wireless
Roku Express (3900)[58]Oct 2017 Neither HDMI Neither Both No No Stream to smartphone HDMI No b/g/n No IR ARM Cortex A53 512MB 256MB No Yes
Roku Express+ (3910)[59]Oct 2017 Composite HDMI 480i Both No No Yes & Stream to smartphone HDMI No b/g/n No IR ARM Cortex A53 512MB 256MB No Yes
Roku Streaming Stick (3800)[60]Oct 2017 Neither HDMI Neither Both No No Stream to smartphone HDMI No a/b/g/n/ac dual-band No Wi-Fi Direct, Voice Search ARM Cortex A53 512MB 256MB No Yes
Roku Streaming Stick+ (3810)[61]Oct 2017 Neither HDMI Neither Both Yes HDR10 Stream to smartphone HDMI No a/b/g/n/ac dual-band No Wi-Fi Direct, Voice Search ARM Cortex A53 1GB 512MB No Yes
Roku Ultra (4660)[62]Oct 2017 Neither HDMI Neither Both Yes HDR10 Remote[note 7] & Stream to smartphone HDMI Yes, 10/100 Mbps a/b/g/n/ac dual-band Yes IR,Wi-Fi Direct, Voice Search ARM Cortex A53 1GB 512MB Yes Yes
Seventh generation
Model Introduced Video outputs Video resolutions HDR format Audio output Network USB Remote Processor Memory Channel storage [note 1]micro
SD
slot
Netflix
with
Profiles[50]
Composite,
S-Video
Component,
HDMI
480i,
480p
720p60,
1080p60 (HD)
2160p60
(4K)
HDR10/Dolby Vision Analog Optical,
HDMI
DTS Dolby Atmos Ethernet 802.11
wireless
Roku Premiere (3920) Sep 2018 Neither HDMI Neither Both Yes HDR10 Stream to smartphone HDMI Yes Yes No b/g/n No IR ARM Cortex A53 1 GB[47]512MB No Yes
Roku Premiere+ (3921) Sep 2018 Neither HDMI Neither Both Yes HDR10 Stream to smartphone HDMI Yes Yes No b/g/n No IR,Wi-Fi Direct, Voice Search ARM Cortex A53 1GB[63]512MB[63]No Yes
Roku Ultra (4661) Sep 2018 Neither HDMI Neither Both Yes HDR10 Remote[note 7] & Stream to smartphone HDMI Yes Yes Yes, 10/100 Mbps a/b/g/n/ac dual-band Yes IR,Wi-Fi Direct, Voice Search ARM Cortex A53 1GB 512MB Yes Yes
Eighth generation
Model Introduced Video outputs Video resolutions HDR format Audio output Network USB Remote Processor Memory Channel storage [note 1]micro
SD
slot
Netflix
with
Profiles[50]
Composite,
S-Video
Component,
HDMI
480i,
480p
720p60,
1080p60 (HD)
2160p60
(4K)
HDR10/Dolby Vision Analog Optical,
HDMI
DTS Dolby Atmos Ethernet 802.11
wireless
Roku Streaming Stick+ (3810) Sep 2019 Neither HDMI Neither Both Yes HDR10 Stream to smartphone HDMI 2.0a Yes Yes No a/b/g/n/ac dual-band Yes*, for long-range wireless receiver IR,Wi-Fi Direct, Voice Search ARM Cortex A53 1GB 512MB No Yes
Roku Express (3930) Sep 2019 Neither HDMI Neither Both No No Stream to smartphone HDMI 1.4b Yes Yes No b/g/n Yes*, for power IR ARM Cortex A53 512MB 256MB No Yes
Roku Express+ (3931) Sep 2019 Neither HDMI Neither Both No No Stream to smartphone HDMI 1.4b Yes Yes No b/g/n Yes*, for power IR,Wi-Fi Direct, Voice Search ARM Cortex A53 512MB 256MB No Yes
Roku Premiere (3920) Sep 2019 Neither HDMI Neither Both Yes HDR10 Stream to smartphone HDMI 2.0a Yes Yes No b/g/n Yes*, for power IR ARM Cortex A53 1GB 512MB[63]No Yes
Roku Ultra LT (4662) Sep 2019 Neither HDMI Neither Both Yes HDR10 Remote & Stream to smartphone HDMI 2.0a Yes Yes Yes a/b/g/n/ac dual-band No IR,Wi-Fi Direct, Voice Search ARM Cortex A53 1GB 512MB Yes Yes
Roku Ultra (4670) Sep 2019 Neither HDMI Neither Both Yes HDR10 Remote & Stream to smartphone HDMI 2.0a Yes Yes Yes a/b/g/n/ac dual-band Yes IR,Wi-Fi Direct, Voice Search ARM Cortex A53 2GB 512MB Yes Yes
Ninth generation
Model Introduced Video outputs Video resolutions HDR format Audio output Network USB Remote Processor Memory Channel storage [note 1]micro
SD
slot
Netflix
with
Profiles[50]
Composite,
S-Video
Component,
HDMI
480i,
480p
720p60,
1080p60 (HD)
2160p60
(4K)
HDR10/HDR10+/Dolby Vision/HLG Analog Optical,
HDMI
DTS Dolby Atmos Ethernet 802.11
wireless
Roku Express 4K (3940X) May 2021 Neither HDMI Neither Both Yes HDR10, HDR10+, HLG Stream to smartphone HDMI 2.0b Yes No No a/b/g/n/ac dual-band MIMO Yes IR Realtek 1315 1GB 4GB No Yes
Roku Express 4K+ (3941X) May 2021 Neither HDMI Neither Both Yes HDR10, HDR10+, HLG Remote & Stream to smartphone HDMI 2.0b Yes No No a/b/g/n/ac dual-band MIMO Yes IR,Wi-Fi Direct, Voice Search Realtek 1315 1GB 4GB No Yes
Roku Ultra (4800) Oct 2020 Neither HDMI Neither Both Yes All Remote & Stream to smartphone HDMI 2.0b Yes Yes Yes a/b/g/n/ac dual-band MIMO Yes IR,Wi-Fi Direct, Voice Search Realtek

1319

2GB 4GB No Yes
Roku Streambar (9102R) Oct 2020 Neither HDMI Neither Both Yes HDR10, HLG Remote & Stream to smartphone Optical, HDMI 2.0a Yes Yes No a/b/g/n/ac dual-band Yes IR,Wi-Fi Direct, Voice Search MStar C2 1GB 512MB No Yes
Tenth generation
Model Introduced Video outputs Video resolutions HDR format Audio output Network USB Remote Processor Memory Channel storage [note 1]micro
SD
slot
Netflix
with
Profiles[50]
Composite,
S-Video
Component,
HDMI
480i,
480p
720p60,
1080p60 (HD)
2160p60
(4K)
HDR10/HDR10+/Dolby Vision/HLG Analog Optical,
HDMI
DTS Dolby Atmos Ethernet 802.11
wireless
Roku Streaming Stick 4K (3820R) Sep 2021 Neither HDMI Neither Both Yes All Stream to smartphone HDMI 2.0b Yes Yes No a/b/g/n/ac dual-band MIMO Yes IR,Wi-Fi Direct, Voice Search Realtek

131x

1GB 4GB No Yes
Roku Streaming Stick 4K+ (3821R) Sep 2021 Neither HDMI Neither Both Yes All Stream to smartphone HDMI 2.0b Yes Yes No a/b/g/n/ac dual-band MIMO Yes IR,Wi-Fi Direct, Voice Search Realtek

131x

1GB 4GB No Yes
Roku Ultra LT (4801RW) Sep 2021 Neither HDMI Neither Both Yes All Remote & Stream to smartphone HDMI 2.0b Yes Yes Yes a/b/g/n/ac dual-band MIMO Yes IR,Wi-Fi Direct, Voice Search Realtek

1319

2GB 4GB No Yes

Roku TV[edit]

Roku announced its first branded Smart TV and it was released in late 2014. These TVs are manufactured by companies like TCL, Westinghouse and Hisense, and use the Roku user interface as the "brain" of the TV. Roku TVs are updated just like the streaming devices.[64] More recent[vague] models also integrate a set of features for use with over-the-air TV signals, including a program guide that provides information for shows and movies available on local antenna broadcast TV, as well as where that content is available to stream, and the ability to pause live TV (although the feature requires a USB hard drive with at least 16GB storage).

In January 2020, Roku created a badge to certify devices as working with a Roku TV model.[citation needed] The first certified brands were TCL North America, Sound United, Polk Audio, Marantz, Definitive Technology, and Classé.[citation needed]

In January 2021, a Roku executive said one out of three smart TVs sold in the United States and Canada came with Roku's operating system built-in.[65]

Software[edit]

The Roku box runs a custom Linux distribution called Roku OS. Updates to the software include bug fixes, security updates, feature additions, and many new interface revisions. Roku pushes OS updates to supported devices in a staggered release. OS updates are rolled out to a percentage group of candidate devices to ensure the build is stable before being made available en masse.

Content and programming[edit]

Roku provides video services from a number of Internet-based video on demand providers.

Roku channels[edit]

Content on Roku devices is provided by Roku partners and are identified using the term channel. Users can add or remove different channels using the Roku Channel Store. Roku's website does not specify which channels are free to its users.

Service creation for Roku Player[edit]

The Roku is an open-platform device with a freely available software development kit that enables anyone to create new channels.[66] The channels are written in a Roku-specific language called BrightScript, a scripting language the company describes as 'unique', but "similar to Visual Basic" and "similar to JavaScript".[67]

Developers who wish to test their channels before a general release, or who wish to limit viewership, can create "private" channels that require a code be entered by the user in the account page of the Roku website. These private channels, which are not part of the official Roku Channel Store, are neither reviewed or certified by Roku.[68][69]

There is an NDK (Native Developer Kit) available, though it has added restrictions.[67]

The Roku Channel[edit]

Roku launched its own streaming channel on its devices in October 2017. It is ad-supported, but free. Its licensed content includes movies and TV shows from studios such as Lionsgate, MGM, Paramount, Sony Pictures Entertainment, Warner Bros., Disney, and Universal as well as Roku channel content publishers American Classics, FilmRise, Nosey, OVGuide, Popcornflix, Vidmark, and YuYu. It is implementing an ad revenue sharing model with content providers. On August 8, 2018, The Roku Channel became available on the web as well.[70] Roku also added the "Featured Free" section as the top section of its main menu from which users can get access to direct streaming of shows and movies from its partners.[71]

In January 2019, premium subscription options from select content providers were added to The Roku Channel.[citation needed]

Originally only available in the U.S.,[72] it launched in the UK on April 7, 2020, with a different selection of movies and TV shows, and without premium subscription add-ons.[73]

On January 8, 2021, Roku announced that it had acquired the original content library of the defunct mobile video service Quibi for an undisclosed amount, reported to be around $100 million.[74][75] The content is being rebranded as Roku Originals.[76]

Controversies[edit]

Non-certified channels[edit]

The Daily Beast alleged that non-certified channels on Roku eased access to materials promoting conspiracy theories and terrorism content.[77]

In June 2017, a Mexico City court banned the sale of Roku products in Mexico, following claims by Televisa (via its Izzi cable subsidiary), that the devices were being used for subscription-based streaming services that illegally stream television content without permission from copyright holders. The devices used Roku's private channels feature to install the services, which were all against the terms of service Roku applies for official channels available in its store. Roku defended itself against the allegations as such, stating that these channels were not officially certified and that the company takes active measures to stop illegal streaming services.[78] The 11th Collegiate Court in Mexico City overturned the decision in October 2018, with Roku returning to the Mexican market soon after; Televisa's streaming service Blim TV would also launch on the platform.[79]

In August 2017 Roku began to display a prominent disclaimer when non-certified channels are added, warning that channels enabling piracy may be removed "without prior notice".[80][69][81] In mid-May 2018, a software glitch caused some users to see copyright takedown notices on legitimate services such as Netflix and YouTube. Roku acknowledged and patched the glitch.[82][83]

Carriage disputes[edit]

Pay television-styled carriage disputes emerged on the Roku platform in 2020, as the company requires providers to agree to revenue sharing for subscription services that are billed through the platform, and to hold 30% of advertising inventory.[84] On September 18 of that same year, Roku announced that NBCUniversalTV Everywhere services would be removed from its devices "as early as this weekend", due to its refusal to carry the company's streaming service Peacock under terms it deemed "unreasonable".[84] It reached an agreement with NBCUniversal later that day.[85]HBO Max was unavailable on Roku since its launch until December 2020 due to similar disputes over revenue sharing, particularly in regards to an upcoming ad-supported tier.[86][87] On December 17 of that same year, HBO Max began streaming on Roku.[88]

Another dispute, starting mid-December 2020, caused Spectrum customers to be unable to download the Spectrum TV streaming app to their Roku devices; existing customers could retain the app, but would lose it upon deletion, even to fix software bugs. This dispute was resolved on August 17, 2021.[89][90]

On April 30, 2021, Roku removed the over-the-top television service YouTube TV from its Channels Store, preventing it from being downloaded. The company accused operator Google LLC of making demands regarding its YouTube app that it considered "predatory, anti-competitive and discriminatory", including enhanced access to customer data, giving YouTube greater prominence in Roku's search interface, and requiring that Roku implement specific hardware standards that could increase the cost of its devices. Roku accused Google of "leveraging its YouTube monopoly to force an independent company into an agreement that is both bad for consumers and bad for fair competition."[91][92]

Google claimed that Roku had "terminated our deal in bad faith amidst our negotiation", stating that it wanted to renew the "existing reasonable terms" under which Roku offered YouTube TV. Google denied Roku's claims regarding customer data and prominence of the YouTube app, and stated that its carriage of a YouTube app was under a separate agreement, and unnecessarily brought into negotiations.[93] As a partial workaround, YouTube began to deploy an update to its main app on Roku and other platforms, which integrates the YouTube TV service.[92][94]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ abcdefghijIn the first generation players, the size of flash memory limited the number of channels that could be installed. Later models (>2100) removed that limit.
  2. ^ abc1080p at p24 or p30 only.
  3. ^The component video connector on the Roku XDS (2100X) is a nonstandard 3.5mm connector and a proprietary adapter cable, which is sold separately, is effectively required to use this.[41]
  4. ^ abBluetooth remote optional.
  5. ^ ab1080p at p60 only.
  6. ^1080p at p24.
  7. ^ abcdefgAnalog audio output is available only through the headphone jack on the remote.
  8. ^WiFi Direct Remote optional.

References[edit]

  1. ^ ab"The Consumer Electronics Hall of Fame: Roku DVP N1000". IEEE Spectrum. December 6, 2018. Retrieved March 15, 2020.
  2. ^"Roku tops 55M active accounts as user growth and engagement slow in Q2". FierceVideo. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  3. ^ abcButler, Dave. "History of Roku: Timeline and Facts". TheStreet. Retrieved May 31, 2020.
  4. ^ abCarr, Austin (January 23, 2013). "Inside Netflix's Project Griffin: The Forgotten History Of Roku Under Reed Hastings". Fastcompany. Archived from the original on January 23, 2013. Retrieved June 21, 2020.
  5. ^ abBouma, Luke (December 16, 2015). "A Short History of The Roku Player". Cord Cutter News. Retrieved May 31, 2020.
  6. ^"Roku buys adtech platform dataxu for $150 million". TechCrunch. Retrieved July 17, 2021.
  7. ^Hansell, Saul (May 20, 2008). "Netflix to Sell a Device for Instantly Watching Movies on TV Sets". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on January 5, 2018. Retrieved March 15, 2020.
  8. ^Dumas, Daniel (May 20, 2008). "Review: Roku Netflix Set Top Box Is Just Shy of Totally Amazing". Wired. ISSN 1059-1028. Retrieved March 15, 2020.
  9. ^Falcone, John. "Roku Player review: Roku Player". CNET. Retrieved March 15, 2020.
  10. ^Frakes, Dan (November 22, 2009). "Hands on: Roku's updated Player software and new Channel Store". Macworld. Retrieved March 15, 2020.
  11. ^Krasnoff, Barbara (May 27, 2010). "Roku makes its Netflix channel better -- a lot better". Computerworld. Retrieved March 16, 2020.
  12. ^Caldwell, Serenity (August 30, 2010). "Roku cuts player prices, plans 1080p support for HD-XR model". Macworld. Retrieved March 15, 2020.
  13. ^"Roku launches revamped HD, XD, and XDS players, starting at $59". Engadget. Retrieved March 16, 2020.
  14. ^Spangler, Todd (September 2, 2015). "Roku Drops Support for 'Classic' Streaming Boxes". Variety. Retrieved March 15, 2020.
  15. ^Falcone, John. "Roku officially unveils new game-enabled video players". CNET. Retrieved March 15, 2020.
  16. ^"Roku announces $50 LT model, will add HBO Go streaming to all of its boxes this month". Engadget. Retrieved March 15, 2020.
  17. ^"Roku unveils Streaming Stick, squeezes box into MHL dongle". Engadget. Retrieved March 15, 2020.
  18. ^Isaac, Mike (January 4, 2012). "New Roku Streaming Stick: Smart TV Sans Set-Top Box". Wired. ISSN 1059-1028. Retrieved March 15, 2020.
  19. ^Bishop, Bryan (October 29, 2012). "Roku adds universal search channel for movies and TV". The Verge. Retrieved March 15, 2020.
  20. ^"Roku PSA: Here's how to tell the new Roku 2 and Roku 3 from the old versions". TechHive. April 27, 2015. Retrieved March 15, 2020.
  21. ^"Roku 3, a faster and more powerful media player, to go on sale". Los Angeles Times. March 5, 2013.
  22. ^"Roku Unveils Its 4K Streamer, The Roku 4, Plus New Software, Discovery Features, And Upgraded Mobile App". TechCrunch. Retrieved March 15, 2020.
  23. ^"Roku Announces All-New Streaming Player Line Up Starting at $29.99 | Roku Online Newsroom". Roku.com. Retrieved September 26, 2016.
  24. ^Katzmaier, David (September 26, 2016). "Roku unveils five new streaming boxes with prices as low as $30". CNET. Retrieved September 26, 2016.
  25. ^"Roku rolls out Roku OS 8, refreshes TV hardware with 4K and faster processors". The Verge. Retrieved July 16, 2018.
  26. ^"Introducing the new Roku player lineup". Roku Blog. Retrieved April 23, 2020.
  27. ^"Netflix ends support for some older Roku players on December 1st". Engadget. Retrieved October 13, 2019.
  28. ^"Introducing the new Roku player lineup". Roku Blog. Retrieved October 24, 2020.
  29. ^Dunn, Jeff (April 13, 2021). "Roku's latest streaming device gives 4K, HDR, and a voice remote for $40". Ars Technica. Retrieved April 26, 2021.
  30. ^"Introducing the all-new Roku Streaming Stick 4K and Roku Streaming Stick 4K+". Roku Blog. Retrieved September 20, 2021.
  31. ^"Roku Streaming Stick 4K — Powerful & portable". Roku Website. Retrieved September 20, 2021.
  32. ^"Roku Streaming Stick 4K+ — Powerful & portable". Roku Website. Retrieved September 20, 2021.
  33. ^"Roku Ultra LT — Powerful 4K streaming". Roku Website. Retrieved September 20, 2021.
  34. ^"Roku OS 10.5 offers easy access to content, new mobile features, and expanded surround sound capabilities". Roku Blog. Retrieved September 20, 2021.
  35. ^"NXP and Roku Enable Instant Enjoyment of New Release Movies" (Press release). March 4, 2009. Retrieved November 11, 2011.
  36. ^"Netflix Player source code released". Hack a Day. July 2, 2008. Retrieved November 11, 2011.
  37. ^ abHiggins, Tim (September 29, 2010). "Roku XDS Reviewed – Inside". SmallNetBuilder. Retrieved November 11, 2011.
  38. ^ abcdefghijklmnopqrstuv"Developer Guide". roku.com. Retrieved February 11, 2015.
  39. ^ abc"MIPS-Based Products". Archived from the original on November 12, 2011. Retrieved November 11, 2011.
  40. ^Lueke, Alan (November 12, 2010). "Netgear Roku XD: Streaming for the Masses". AnandTech. Retrieved November 11, 2011.
  41. ^"What is the component cable?". Roku. July 22, 2010.
  42. ^Detwiler, Bill (January 14, 2011). "Roku XDS Teardown". TechRepublic. Retrieved November 11, 2011.
  43. ^O'Brien, Terrence (September 27, 2011). "Budget-friendly Roku LT pops up at the FCC as the 2400X (Updated with pics)". Engadget. Retrieved November 11, 2011.
  44. ^ abc"New Roku HD player hits the FCC with composite out, new remote, does away with microSD storage". Wireless Goodness. March 15, 2012. Retrieved July 26, 2013.
  45. ^ abcO'Brien, Terrence (June 29, 2011). "Roku 2 line passes through the FCC with modest hardware updates and a reset button". Engadget. Retrieved November 11, 2011.
  46. ^"Roku 2 XS 3100R Streaming Media Adapter". Hearst Electronic Products and iSuppli. October 26, 2011. Archived from the original on November 12, 2011. Retrieved November 11, 2011.
  47. ^ ab"Roku". Roku.
  48. ^"TempConfidential_(3400, 3420)Internal photos_20120921 - Internal Photos FCC ID: TC2-R1005 Document ID 1799488". fccid.net.
  49. ^"Roku unveils new video-streaming stick in response to popularity of Google's Chromecast". Fox News.
  50. ^ abcdefghRoku. "Roku". Roku.
  51. ^Roku. "Roku Streaming Stick". Roku. Archived from the original on September 23, 2016.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  52. ^"Roku Streaming Stick (3600R)". wikidevi.com. Retrieved September 26, 2016.
  53. ^"Roku3600b.png". Roku.com. Retrieved September 26, 2016.
  54. ^
Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roku

2017 models roku

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Roku Comparison: Express vs. Premiere vs. Streaming Stick vs. Ultra

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