Tamper resistant outlet

Tamper resistant outlet DEFAULT

Modern tamper resistant outlets are a good safety feature, but they also present a challenge. They can be much harder to plug into. Here’s how to open tamper resistant outlets if you can’t plug into an outlet.

First, inspect the outlet

can't plug into outlet, tamper resistant outlet won't open

If you can’t plug into an outlet, first, make sure there isn’t something stuck in one of the openings. If a prong broke off in an outlet, that stops you from being able to use it. Fortunately, that’s possible to fix.

How to open tamper resistant outlets

Tamper resistant outlets’ design prevents kids from inserting screwdrivers, butter knives, or other objects into an outlet. The outlet doesn’t open for anything but a two-bladed electrical plug. At least that’s the idea. Cheaper tamper resistant outlets can be rather stiff. And as a result, these outlets designed to protect children from injury can be difficult for elderly adults to use.

If your tamper resistant outlet won’t open, there’s some consolation. These outlets loosen up with use. After installation, the best solution is simply to use the outlet a lot. Plug something in and unplug it about 100 times to loosen the outlet up. If you find it difficult, you may need to call in a favor from someone with stronger hands.

If you’re a member of a church or another religious organization, ask there if someone might be able to help you. Chances are a member of the youth group will be willing to come over and break in some outlets for you.

Unfortunately, once the outlet has been installed, that’s the only safe solution. Other possible solutions require removal and reinstallation or replacement.

Loosening outlets with a screwdriver

It’s possible to pry the doors open on a tamper resistant outlet with a small flat bladed screwdriver. That’s exactly what the outlets are designed to prevent, so it takes some finesse. And of course, only do this on a loose outlet. Don’t do it to an outlet already in the wall. Pry the doors open a few times until they loosen up, and periodically try plugging a regular plug into it. Once the doors wear in, like an engine, they work much more easily.

Can’t plug into outlet? Buy higher quality outlets

The other solution is to replace the outlets with higher quality outlets. I put tamper resistant outlets in my home any time I replace an outlet. My kids are old enough to know not to stick a fork in an outlet, but self-closing outlets save energy. I generally don’t buy the model that costs $1.18.

The big-box stores sometimes only sell one cheap tamper resistant outlet. Yes, I remember the days when there were better stores, like Central Hardware or Coast to Coast, but I’m sounding like a grumpy old man. Check first, since the store near you may have a better selection. Not every location carries all the same items.

An Ace or True Value is more likely to carry more than one grade of outlet. The higher grade is less likely to fight you.

If you don’t have an Ace or a True Value near you, you can at least try the outlet out in the store before buying. Usually the outlets are sold loose. Replacement plugs are also sold loose, and in the same aisle. Find a replacement plug, then find the tamper resistant outlets, and use the replacement plug to try out outlets before you choose any. If the outlet is stiff, don’t buy it. Quality control on $1.18 outlets isn’t great, so some of them will be looser than others.

Don’t worry about someone asking what you’re doing. They probably won’t. If they do, simply say you’re trying outlets out before you buy them to make sure they work for you. You probably won’t be the first one who’s done that. They might even help. The big-box stores can seem impersonal, but they’d rather you try it out than have you come back tomorrow and return a bunch of stuff.

Can’t plug into outlet? Reverting the outlet as a solution

In some municipalities, local code requires tamper resistant outlets. The current National Electric Code does, but not all municipalities have adopted the current version yet. But the only time they check that is during an inspection. If you’re not selling the property or having electrical work done, you’re not getting inspected. I’m not advising you to change the outlet back, but no one’s going to arrest you if you do.

A licensed electrician may or may not be willing or able to pull a switcheroo for you. But any handyman or handywoman can. There’s also a good chance someone you know already knows how. Changing an outlet is a skill, but it’s a skill a lot of people have.

Just keep in mind if you change the outlets, you’ll have to reinstall the tamper resistant outlets when you go to sell the property, or have someone reinstall them for you. And be sure to use appropriate outlets. Use GFCI outlets in the kitchen, bathroom, or anywhere there’s a concrete floor like a basement or garage. You won’t get caught if you use non-GFCIs either, but GFCIs protect you from accidental electrocution. Your life is worth much more than the cost of those GFCIs.

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tamper resistant electrical outlet

All electrical outlets are designed in different ways based on their function and application. If you are looking to replace your old receptacle outlets, it is important to understand which outlet you will need. While there are many design functions of electrical outlets, in this blog we will be discussing the benefits of tamper resistant receptacles, usually labeled TRR or TR. 

GFCI outlets, or ground fault circuit interrupters are electrical outlets that are used in damp or wet areas. This accounts for restrooms, outdoor pool areas, commercial or residential kitchens, garages, decks, porches, crawl spaces, restaurants, laundry areas and much more.

locations for tamper resistant electrical outlets

The basic function of a GFCI outlet is to provide protection from electrical shock hazards and injuries that can be caused from power surges, outages, and storms. If an outlet discovers that an electrical current has been interrupted, the GFCI outlet will trip the circuit. 

Shop all Electrical Outlets

If you have decided to replace your old electrical outlets with new electrical receptacles, then you may be wondering which one to choose. All electrical outlets can come in many ways:

15-ampvs. 20-amp

15 amp electrical outlet 20 amp electrical receptacle

Single vs. Duplex

single electrical outletduplex electrical outlet

Tamper Resistant (TR)

tamper resistant

Weather Resistant (WR)

weather resistant electrical outlet


self testing gfci electrical outlet

What are some benefits of tamper resistant GFCI Outlets?

As required by the 2008 national electrical code, tamper resistant GFCI’s should be installed in any new construction or renovation. 

Tamper resistant receptacles, commonly known as TRR, can help protect from electrical shock, injury, or even death. They were originally constructed to create a permanent solution for children who tamper with outlets. 

child safety tamper resistant outlet

how tamper resistant outlets work

Each TRR outlet has an internal shutter that blocks foreign objects from being inserted into the outlet. The shutter remains closed when foreign objects are inserted, and only opens when a two–prong electrical plug is inserted. When shopping for a tamper resistant receptacle just look for the TR or TRR in the label or product description.


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What are tamper-resistant receptacles?

They may look like standard outlets, but tamper-resistant receptacles, or TRRs, are different. A built-in shutter system that prevents foreign objects from being inserted sets them apart. Only a plug that applies simultaneous, equal pressure to both slots will disengage the cover plates, allowing access to the contact points.  Without this synchronized pressure, the cover plates remain closed.

In recent years, says Electrical Safety Foundation International, more homes have been equipping their electrical outlets with TRRs, but in many public facilities, like hospital pediatric wards, these safeguards have been required for more than 20 years. Their efficiency also prompted the National Electrical Code to make TRRs standard in all new home construction. Existing homes can be easily retrofitted with TRRs using the same installation guidelines that apply to standard receptacles. TRRs should only be installed by a licensed electrician and should carry a label from a nationally recognized, independent testing lab such as UL, ETL, or CSA.

TRRs by the numbers

  • Each year 2,400 children suffer severe shock and burns resulting from inserting objects into the slots of electrical receptacles. That’s nearly seven children a day.
  • It is estimated that 6–12 child fatalities annualy result from children tampering with electrical receptacles.  
  • Installing a TRR in a newly constructed home is only about 50 cents more than a traditional receptacle.
  • Existing homes can be retrofitted with TRRs for as little as $2 per outlet.
Sours: https://www.carolinacountry.com/departments/more-power-to-you/what-are-tamper-resistant-receptacles

Tamper-Resistant Receptacles

by Nick Gromicko, CMI®, Thomas Zachar and Kate Tarasenko


It is estimated that approximately 2,400 children suffer from electrical shock and burns in the home each year when they force foreign objects into unprotected electrical outlets.  Installing tamper-resistant receptacles (TRRs), also called tamper-resistant outlets, are one way to safeguard young ones in the home to prevent serious injury.



Other forms of outlet protection are available, such as plastic coverings, but they can be easily removed by children and are therefore not labeled as tamper-resistant.  A TRR is a type of electrical outlet that requires double-prong entry in order for a plug to enter. These devices were designed to prevent the accidental insertion of hairpins, keys, knives, paper clips, nails, screws, and other small objects, which can pose an electrical shock hazard. Home inspectors and homeowners can identify these outlets by looking for the letters “TR” or the words “tamper-resistant” imprinted on the receptacle’s surface, which means that they're tamper-resistant and have been tested to sustain periods of extended use and some forms of physical damage.

How TRRs Work

Inside the TRR outlet is a spring-loaded shutter mechanism that blocks single-prong entry.  When using a grounded or ungrounded plug, (2- or 3-prong), the blades of the plug press both shutters against the spring.  This combined force slides the shutters and opens the slots for electrical contact.  When the plug is removed, the shutters close and re-cover the openings. 

With a TRR, be sure that the stems of the plug are not bent and that the plug is inserted as straight as possible.  Slight maneuvering may be required, depending on the quality of the outlet.  If there is an issue, the TRR may be defective and should be replaced.

The Code

Here is what the 2011 NEC says about TRRs in dwelling units, along with general installation requirements:

406.12 Tamper-Resistant Receptacles in Dwelling Units. All non-locking type 15A and 20A, 125V receptacles in the following areas of a dwelling unit [210.52] must be listed as tamper-resistant.

    • Wall Space — 210.52(A)
    • Small-Appliance Circuit — 210.52(B)
    • Countertop Space — 210.52(C)
    • Bathroom Area — 210.52(D)
    • Outdoors — 210.52(E)
    • Laundry Area — 210.52(F)
    • Garage and Outbuildings — 210.52(G)
    • Hallways — 210.52(H)

Ex.: Receptacles in the following locations aren’t required to be tamper-resistant:

(1) Receptacles located more than 5½ feet above the floor.

(2) Receptacles that are part of a luminaire or appliance.

(3) A receptacle located within dedicated space for an appliance that, in normal use, isn’t easily moved from one place to another.

(4) Non-grounding receptacles used for replacements as permitted in 406.4(D)(2)(a).


For guest rooms and guest suites, the 2011 NEC adds:

406.13 Tamper-Resistant Receptacles in Guest Rooms and Guest Suites. Non-locking-type 15A and 20A, 125V receptacles in guest rooms and guest suites must be listed as tamper-resistant.


And in childcare facilities:

406.14 Tamper-Resistant Receptacles in Child Care Facilities. Non-locking-type 15A and 20A, 125V receptacles in child care facilities must be listed as tamper-resistant.


 Here are the installations requirements, per the NEC:

406.4 General Installation Requirements.

(D) Receptacle Replacement.

(4) Arc-Fault Circuit Interrupters. Effective Jan. 1, 2014, where a receptacle outlet is supplied by a branch circuit that requires arc-fault circuit-interrupter protection [210.12(A)], a replacement receptacle at this outlet must be one of the following.

(1) A listed (receptacle) outlet branch-circuit type arc-fault circuit-interrupter receptacle.

(2) A receptacle protected by a listed (receptacle) outlet branch-circuit type arc-fault circuit-interrupter type receptacle.

(3) A receptacle protected by a listed combination type arc-fault circuit interrupter type circuit breaker.

(5) Tamper-Resistant Receptacles. Listed tamper-resistant receptacles must be provided where replacements are made at receptacle outlets that are required to be tamper-resistant elsewhere in this Code.

(6) Weather-Resistant Receptacles. Weather-resistant receptacles must be provided where replacements are made at receptacle outlets that are required to be so protected elsewhere in the Code.


In summary, tamper-resistant receptacles are among the best ways to prevent electrical injuries from outlets.  Be sure to have your InterNACHI-Certified Professional Inspector® visit your home to perform an Annual Home Maintenance Inspection so that s/he can check electrical and other potential safety issues, especially if you have young children.



Arc-Fault Circuit Interrupters (AFCIs)

Electrical Service Panels

More inspection articles like this


Sours: https://www.nachi.org/tamper-resistant-receptacles.htm

Outlet tamper resistant

What is a Tamper Resistant Outlet

Wall outlets are responsible for 15% of injuries in children 12 years and younger.  In 2008, the National Electrical Code (NEC) made tamper resistant outlets required in homes.

What is a tamper resistant (TR) outlet?  It is also called a tamper resistant (TR) receptacle.  It is an outlet in the wall that has a built-in safety mechanism and prevents anything that is inserted into it from being fed with electricity.  This reduces injuries such as electric shocks and helps protect the family.

Let’s take a look at why this is important, how it works, where to find these outlets, how to install, issues putting the plugs in, why you need tamper resistant outlets, other things to be aware of, and when to contact a professional.

Why This is Important

Every year about 2,400 kids suffer shock and burns from outlets and between six and twelve children die.  Outlets need to be safe as children often don’t think of the consequences of sticking something into an outlet.

Some people think that putting a plastic outlet cap in will fix the problem.  Unfortunately, the findings in the study were that 100% of the children age two to four could remove the plastic outlet cap in 10 seconds!  Children can also swallow the plastic outlet caps.

Childproofing the outlets is essential and can be done with a tamper resistant outlet.

The good thing is, if you have a new home, these are standard now with the home. If not, read on about how to install them in your home.

How Does a Tamper Resistant Outlet Work

The tamper-resistant outlet looks like a normal everyday outlet.  However, when a child puts something into one of the slots, the shutters inside the outlet close up.  If there is a two or three-prong/bladed or grounded plug is inserted, then the shutters open to let it in.

Where to Buy Tamper Resistant Outlets

These are not very expensive, adding possibly 50 cents to the cost of a regular receptacle. Clearly, the saving of a life outweighs the cost.  They are easy to find and can be bought on Amazon or at your local hardware store.

How to Install a Tamper Resistant Outlet

  1. Turn off the power in the electrical panel
  2. Then, check there is no power source to the outlet
  3. Unscrew the screws holding the outlet in place.
  4. Pull the old outlet out of the box and disconnect the wires
  5. Set the old outlet aside.
  6. Connect the new wires to the new outlet:

The white (neutral) wire connects to a silver-colored terminal screw.

The black (hot) wire connects to a gold-colored terminal screw.

The bare wire connects to the green grounding screw.

Make sure the cable sheath remains secured inside the box

  1. Gently put the wires back into the box.
  2. Slide the new tamper-resistant outlet into the box.
  3. Insert screws to secure the outlet.
  4. Replace the outlet cover.
  5. Put the screw in to secure the cover.
  6. Finally, turn the power back on at the main service panel.
Issues putting a plug in a tamper resistant outlet

Issues Putting a Plug In a Tamper Resistant Outlet

The first time you put a plug into the tamper-resistant outlet, you may be able to feel the internal shutters open up.  Then, it should also be fairly easy to put a plug in.  However, if it is difficult, check the plug to make sure the blades or prongs are not bending.

Why you need tamper resistant outlets

Why You Need Tamper Resistant Outlets

  1. Easy to install
  2. Keep children safe
  3. In compliance with the NEC for new construction
  4. Inexpensive to switch over in your house or add to new construction
  5. No small pieces that children can put in their mouth
  6. Can be used with GFCI
  7. Need additional reasons?

If you don’t have children, it doesn’t mean that you should not have these in your home.  You never know when you will have a visitor who has children and you could be saving their life.

Residential homes are not the only ones that require these now, but day cares, schools, childcare, businesses offices and more.  Check out the list:

Additional Things to Think About

Additional things to think about

In addition, make sure the Metal box is grounded . Why?  If there is a surge and the metal box is not grounded then there could be a fire or electrocution.

Do you know if your metal box is grounded?  Well, there is a tester you can buy and follow the directions below:

  1. Shut off the power for that room
  2. Pull off the outlet faceplate and then pull the outlet out of the wall
  3. Unscrew the wires so they are not attached to the outlet anymore
  4. Also, check that the positive and neutral wires are exposed and not touching anything.  Then, turn back on the electricity for that room
  5. Touch one end of the tester to the hot wire (black or red wire)
  6. Touch the other end of the tester to the metal box inside the wall
  7. If the tester shows voltage on the screen, then you know that it is grounded.

Check Your Electrical Panel: FPE

Was your house built in the 1950s-1980?  If yes, when you turn off the power in the electrical panel to the room you are working in, check if there is a label in the electrical panel that says “FPE” or “Stab-Lok”, or “Federal Panel Electric Company.” Then, check for red-tips on the Federal Pacific Breakers.  If you see any of this, then you have an FPE Panel and it needs replacing right away. You will need to call a professional for help.  Why?  They malfunction and can start a fire.

Check your electrical panel: GFCI Challenger recall

Check Your Electrical Panel: GFCI “Challenger” Recall

Look for the word, “Challenger” on the door or on the inside of the door/panel.  If you find it, you may have the recalled Challenger GFCI breakers

 Therefore, look for the following:

a. The word “test” will be in yellow on one side.

b. Next, look at the other side on the handle for the numbers 15 or 20 in white.

c. If the numbers 15 and 20 are in white and they are located in between the “On” and “Off” buttons, then you have the recalled breaker.

AFCI Arc Fault Circuit Interrupter and Recalls

AFCI’s are in every part of the house where there is no water, unlike GFCI’s. They detect the size of power over time and if it detects there is a surge, then the power shuts off. The Square D button has been recalled so check here to see if it is the one you have on your electrical panel.

Check your electrical panel: Do toy have a bad circuit breaker

Check Your Electrical Panel: Do You Have a Bad Circuit Breaker

Are you finding that the breaker trips or doesn’t stay in reset mode?  Maybe there is a burning smell, hot to the touch, or trips frequently?  If so, then you might have a bad circuit breaker.

Electrical Fires Can Happen in Outlets

No matter what type of outlet you have if it is overloading or shorts out, a fire can start.  Then, turn off the power to the house to stop the electrical current, get everyone out safely, and call 911. 

How can you help prevent electrical fires?  Hire a professional to see if your house is AFCI compliant. This can be done by using a device that can find electrical hazards and prevent 50-75% of electrical fires.

Dryer Vent

The dryer is plugged into an outlet and you want to make sure it stays clean. Moreover, if you don’t clean the lint that ends up near the outlet, a fire can start. You also need to make sure the vent stays clean on the back of the dryer and where it connects to the wall.

When to Contact a Professional

If you are not sure what kind of outlets you have in your home or need help switching them over, then contact a professional to help. Are you hesitant to mess with the electricity or change them yourself? Then reach out, as this is why there are professionals.

As mentioned earlier, the outlets are standard now in new homes. However, if you are unsure you have them, contact a professional to look at the outlets for you. You can also see if you can recognize them in a home, or check the paperwork for the home.


Ensuring your home is safe for children is the first step to take.  Also being cognizant of other electrical hazards along with specific panels is important.  Furthermore, electricity is scary to play with and you don’t have to do it alone. Contact us or reply below if you have questions or need help.

Sours: https://allcoasthomeinspections.com/tamper-resistant-outlet/
Tamper Resistant Electrical Outlet - Install Tutorial

Answering Your Questions About Tamper-resistant Outlets

tamper-resistant outletKids Who Scamper In Pampers Shouldn’t Tamper

Kids love to explore, and that’s a good thing–it’s basically their job to learn, after all. Unfortunately, all that curiosity occasionally gets kids in trouble. They do something dangerous like playing with electrical outlets and they get hurt. Around 2,400 children shock themselves on electrical outlets every year in the US. The best way to keep kids from hurting themselves with electrical outlets is installing tamper-resistant outlets in your home.

What are tamper-resistant electrical outlets?

Tamper-resistant outlets are designed to prevent kids from hurting themselves while fidgeting with an outlet. They have two spring-loaded shutters that close the slots when you remove a plug. When you insert a plug, both shutters compress and the slots open again to accept the plug.

It’s important to note the shutters only open when both springs are compressed at the same time. If some curious kid shoves a nail in one opening, the shutters don’t open. Tamper-resistant outlets make your home safer.

What if you don’t have children?

There are all kinds of reasons to have tamper-resistant outlets in your home, even if you don’t have kids. Kids visit, homes are sold, new tenants move into apartments, etc. Every home or apartment should have tamper-resistant outlets. Sooner or later, little kids will want to “see what happens if I stick a fork in there.” In fact, tamper-resistant outlets are important enough that modern codes require them in new homes and apartment buildings.

Is it harder to stick a plug into a tamper-resistant outlet?

No. The spring-loaded mechanism lifts the shutters as you press the plug into the outlets. You won’t notice any difference in convenience between tamper-resistant outlets and normal ones.

Do tamper-resistant outlets cost more?

A little bit. They cost about 50 cents more. If you’re building a home with the average number of outlets (75), it would cost around $40 more to install tamper-resistant outlets. That’s a small price to pay to keep the kids safe.
What about the plastic caps you plug in, or sliding receptacle covers?

Temple University did a study and every single 2-4 year old they tested removed one type of plastic outlet cap in 10 seconds. Children watching their parents quickly learned how to move sliding receptacle covers, as well. Tamper-resistant outlets are by far the most effective means of preventing children from shocking themselves in outlets.

Why are tamper-resistant outlets the right choice for my home?

  • They’re inexpensive.
  • They’re easy to install.
  • They’re required by electrical code in new construction.
  • They help keep children safe.
  • They’re more convenient and effective than the little plastic caps.

How do I install a tamper-resistant outlet?

It’s easy! Just follow these steps:

  1. Turn off the power to the outlet at the main service panel.
  2. Make sure there’s no power to the outlet.
  3. Unscrew the screws holding the outlet in place.
  4. Pull the old outlet out of the box.
  5. Disconnect the wires.
  6. Set the old outlet aside.
  7. Connect the new wires to the new outlet:
    • The white (neutral) wire connects to a silver-colored terminal screw.
    • The black (hot) wire connects to a gold-colored terminal screw.
    • The bare wire connects to the green grounding screw. Make sure the cable sheath remains secured inside the box.
  8. Gently shove the wires back into the box.
  9. Slide the new tamper-resistant outlet into the box.
  10. Insert screws to secure the outlet.
  11. Replace the outlet cover.
  12. Insert the screw to secure the cover.
  13. Turn the power back on at the main service panel.

Smile! You’ve just made your home safer for the little ones.

If you’re still not sure if you need to install tamper-resistant outlets, check out the facts. If need convincing as to why you need these outlets, check out this information on outlet related injuries.

EarlyBird Electric is always available to help with any electrical project you’re working on. If you have questions about tamper-resistant outlets or you’re interested in installing some, just give us a call. We’re proud to help keep your kids safe.

Learn More: Uncategorized

Sours: https://earlybirdelectricians.com/blog/tamper-resistant-outlet-faq/

You will also be interested:

How Tamper Resistant Receptacles Work

Leviton makes it easy for you to comply with the 2008 NEC mandate for TR Receptacles in all new residential housing. This requirement results from a Consumer Product Safety Commission study that documented injuries in the home caused each year by children attempting to insert foreign objects into receptacles. TR receptacles have been mandated in hospital pediatric wards for over 20 years and have proven to effectively prevent electrical injuries. As a long-time manufacturer of tamper-resistant devices, we are pleased to be at the forefront of this safety measure with an expanded product line that encompasses a wide range of TR devices in Residential and Commercial Grades.

How They Work

The shutters inside a Tamper Resistant receptacle will not open and allow access to the contacts unless a two-prong plug is evenly inserted into the outlet. This ensures that hairpins, keys or other common household items children may try to insert into the outlet will be locked out.

How Tamper Resistant Receptacles Work

Since Tamper Resistant devices are designed to shut out foreign objects, damaged or bent blades on plugs may not be able to be inserted into the outlet. If that is the case, the blades should be straightened or replaced by a qualified professional.

Sours: https://blog.leviton.com/how-tamper-resistant-receptacles-work

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