This article is about the television program. For other uses, see Bonanza (disambiguation).
American western television series
Bonanza was an American Western television series that ran on NBC from September 12, , to January 16, Lasting 14 seasons and episodes, Bonanza is NBC's longest-running western, and ranks overall as the second-longest-running western series on U.S. network television (behind CBS's Gunsmoke), and within the top 10 longest-running, live-action American series. The show continues to air in syndication. The show is set in the s and it centers on the wealthy Cartwright family who live in the vicinity of Virginia City, Nevada, bordering Lake Tahoe. The series initially starred Lorne Greene, Pernell Roberts, Dan Blocker and Michael Landon and later featured (at various times) Guy Williams, David Canary, Mitch Vogel and Tim Matheson. The show is known for presenting pressing moral dilemmas.
The title "Bonanza" is a term used by miners in regard to a large vein or deposit of silver ore, from Spanish bonanza (prosperity) and commonly refers to the revelation of the Comstock Lode of rich silver ore mines under the town of Virginia City, not far from the fictional Ponderosa Ranch that the Cartwright family operated. The show's theme song, also titled "Bonanza", became a hit song. Only instrumental renditions, absent Ray Evans' lyrics, were used during the series's long run.
In , Bonanza was ranked No. 43 on TV Guide's 50 Greatest TV Shows of All Time, and in TV Guide included it in its list of The 60 Greatest Dramas of All Time. The time period for the television series is roughly between (Season 1) and (Season 13) during and shortly after the American Civil War, coinciding with the period Nevada Territory became a U.S. state.
During the summer of , NBC aired reruns of episodes from the – period in prime time on Tuesday evening under the title Ponderosa.
The show chronicles the weekly adventures of the Cartwright family, headed by the thrice-widowed patriarch Ben Cartwright (Lorne Greene). He had three sons, each by a different wife: the eldest was the urbane architect Adam Cartwright (Pernell Roberts) who built the ranch house; the second was the warm and lovable giant Eric "Hoss" Cartwright (Dan Blocker); and the youngest was the hotheaded and impetuous Joseph or "Little Joe" (Michael Landon). Via exposition (SE01 – "Rose for Lotta") and flashback episodes, each wife was accorded a different ancestry: English (SE65 – "Elizabeth My Love"), Swedish (SE95 – "Inger My Love"), and French Creole (SE – "Marie My Love") respectively. The family's cook was Chinese immigrant Hop Sing (Victor Sen Yung). Greene, Roberts, Blocker, and Landon were billed equally; the opening credits would alternate the order among the four stars.
The family lived on a thousand square-mile (2,km2) ranch called the Ponderosa on the eastern shore of Lake Tahoe in Nevada opposite California on the edge of the Sierra Nevada range. The vast size of the Cartwrights' land was quietly revised to "half a million acres" (2,km2) on Lorne Greene's song, "Saga of the Ponderosa." The ranch name refers to the ponderosa pine, common in the West. The nearest town to the Ponderosa was Virginia City, where the Cartwrights would go to converse with Sheriff Roy Coffee (played by veteran actor Ray Teal), or his deputy Clem Foster (Bing Russell).
Bonanza was considered an atypical western for its time, as the core of the storylines dealt less about the range but more with Ben and his three dissimilar sons, how they cared for one another, their neighbors, and just causes.
"You always saw stories about family on comedies or on an anthology, but Bonanza was the first series that was week-to-week about a family and the troubles it went through. Bonanza was a period drama that attempted to confront contemporary social issues. That was very difficult to do on television. Most shows that tried to do it failed because the sponsors didn't like it, and the networks were nervous about getting letters", explains Stephen Battaglio, a senior editor for TV Guide magazine.
Episodes ranged from high drama ("Bushwhacked", episode #, ; "Shanklin", episode #, ), to broad comedy ("Hoss and the Leprechauns", episode #, ; "Mrs. Wharton and the Lesser Breeds", episode #, ; "Caution, Bunny Crossing", episode #, ), and addressed issues such as the environment ("Different Pines, Same Wind", episode #, ), substance abuse ("The Hidden Enemy", episode #, ), domestic violence ("First Love", episode #, ), anti-war sentiment ("The Weary Willies", episode #, ), and illegitimate births ("Love Child", episode #, ; "Rock-A-Bye Hoss", episode #, ). The series sought to illustrate the cruelty of bigotry against: Asians ("The Fear Merchants", episode #27, ; "The Lonely Man", episode #, ), African-Americans ("Enter Thomas Bowers", episode #, ; "The Wish", episode #, ; "Child", episode #, ), Native Americans ("The Underdog", episode #, ; "Terror at ", episode #, ), Jews, ("Look to the Stars", episode #90, ); Mormons ("The Pursued", episodes #–40, ), the disabled ("Tommy", episode #, ) and "little people" ("It's A Small World", episode #, ).
Originally, the Cartwrights tended to be depicted as put-off by outsiders. Lorne Greene objected to this, pointing out that as the area's largest timber and livestock producer, the family should be less clannish. The producers agreed with this observation and changed the Cartwrights to be more amiable.
Though not familiar stars in , the cast quickly became favorites of the first television generation. The order of billing at the beginning of the broadcast appeared to be shuffled randomly each week, with no relation whatsoever to the current episode featured that week. The main cast of actors portraying Cartwrights is listed here in the order of their characters' ages, followed by an array of recurring supporting players:
Lorne Greene – Ben Cartwright
Born in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, to Russian-Jewish parents,Lorne Greene was chosen to play widowed patriarch Ben Cartwright. Early in the show's history, he recalls each of his late wives in flashback episodes. A standard practice with most westerns was to introduce some romance but avoid matrimony. Few media cowboys had on-screen wives. Any time one of the Cartwrights seriously courted a woman, she died from a malady, was abruptly slain, or left with someone else.
Greene appeared in all but fourteen Bonanza episodes. Greene was 44 years old at the beginning of the series while Pernell Roberts and Dan Blocker, who portrayed two of his sons, were both 31, only thirteen years younger.
In , a TV Guide survey listed Ben Cartwright as television's #2 favorite dad.
Pernell Roberts – Adam Cartwright
Pernell Roberts played eldest son Adam, an architectural engineer with a university education. Adam built the impressive ranch house. Roberts disdained the assembly-line mindset of serial television (a rigid 34 episode season), and fought with series writers regarding Adam's lack of independence, noting that his plus year old character was dependent on his "Pa's" approval. Despite the show's success, Roberts departed the series after the –65 season ( episodes) and returned to stage productions.
Attempts to replace Adam with Little Joe's maternal half-brother Clay (Barry Coe) and Cartwright cousin Will (Guy "Zorro" Williams), were unsuccessful. Creator David Dortort introduced a storyline that would keep the character of Adam in the mix, but with a lighter schedule. During season five Adam falls for a widow with a young daughter, while making Will Cartwright a central figure. Roberts decided to stay an additional season, so the scripts were quickly revised by having Adam's fiancée and her daughter depart the series prematurely with Guy Williams' Will, with whom she'd fallen in love. It was Landon, not Roberts, who objected to the infusion of any new Cartwrights. After Roberts did leave the following year, it was eventually mentioned that Adam had gone "to sea", and in the later movies he had emigrated to Australia and had a son Adam 'A.C.' Cartwright, Jr. In mid , the series producers considered inviting Roberts back in the wake of Dan Blocker's death: "One suggestion was to return Pernell Roberts, who had played another Cartwright son when Bonanza first premiered on NBC fourteen years ago. We only considered that briefly, [producer Richard Collins says] Some people felt it was a logical step—the oldest son returning at a time of family need—but most of us didn't think it would work.'"
In a episode, called "A Home for Jamie," when Jamie is officially adopted as a Cartwright, Ben Cartwright takes Jamie to a witness tree on which are carved the names of Hoss and Joe. Adam's name is clearly missing. Jamie carved his name under that of Hoss and Joe, as a son of Ben Cartwright.
Dan Blocker – Hoss Cartwright
For the U.S. Marine Corps general nicknamed "Hoss", see James Cartwright.
Dan Blocker was 6 feet 4 inches and pounds (m, kg) when chosen to play the gentle middle son Eric, almost always referred to as "Hoss." The nickname was used as a nod to the character's ample girth, an endearing term for "big and friendly", used by his Swedish mother (and Uncle Gunnar). In the Bonanza flashback, his mother Inger names him Eric after her father. To satisfy young Adam, Inger and Ben agree to try the nickname Hoss and "see which one sticks." Inger says of "Hoss", "In the mountain country, that is the name for a big, friendly man." According to a biography, the show's crew found Blocker to be the "least actor-ish as well as the most likeable" cast member. According to producer David Dortort: "Over the years he gave me the least amount of trouble."
In May , Blocker died suddenly from a post-operative pulmonary embolism following surgery to remove his gall bladder. The producers felt nobody else could continue the role. It was the first time a TV show's producers chose to kill off a young major male character (though it was done twice previously with young female leads—in on Make Room For Daddy, and again in with The Real McCoys). Not until the TV movie Bonanza: The Next Generation was it explained that Hoss had drowned attempting to save a woman's life.. According to director Don Richardson who had directed the actor in many episodes, Dan Blocker had a photographic memory, and could memorize the lines by just reading the script once.
Although "big and lovable", Blocker was also tough. Several years after his death, Landon appeared on The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson and related the following anecdote. During the shooting of one episode, Blocker's horse stumbled and fell, throwing Blocker and breaking his collarbone. Blocker got up and the bone was actually protruding from his skin. The crew wanted to call an ambulance but Blocker refused and stuck the bone back in place himself and resumed filming. At the end of the day he was convinced to go to the hospital where they set the broken bone and gave him strict instructions, no riding for six weeks. According to Landon, evidently Blocker's horse forgot what it was like to carry the big man during his convalescence because the first time that Blocker swung up into the saddle on his return, the horse collapsed under his weight and the cast and crew collapsed in fits of laughter.
Michael Landon – Joseph "Little Joe" Cartwright
The role of "Little Joe" was given to Michael Landon. He played guest roles on several TV westerns and attained the title role in I Was a Teenage Werewolf. He portrayed the youngest Cartwright son, whose mother (Felicia in the pilot, and later changed to Marie) was of French Creole descent. Landon began to develop his skills in writing and directing Bonanza episodes, starting with "The Gamble." Most of the episodes Landon wrote and directed were dramas, including the two-hour, "Forever" (), which was recognized by TV Guide as being one of television's best specials (November ).[vague] Landon's development was a bit stormy according to David Dortort, who felt that the actor grew more difficult during the last five seasons the show ran. Landon appeared in all but fourteen Bonanza episodes for its run, a total of episodes.
Beginning in , a foundation was being laid to include another "son", as Pernell Roberts was displeased with his character. In the episode "First Born" (), viewers learn of Little Joe's older, maternal half-brother Clay Stafford. The character departed in that same episode, but left an opportunity for a return if needed. This character's paternity is open to debate. In the flashback episode "Marie, My Love", his father was Jean De'Marigny. Then in , Lorne Greene released the song "Saga of the Ponderosa", wherein Marie's previous husband was "Big Joe" Collins, who dies saving Ben's life. After Ben consoles Marie, the two bond and marry. They choose to honor "Big Joe" by calling their son "Little Joe". So, whether to Stafford, De'Marigny or Collins, Marie Cartwright was previously married. In the last of the three Bonanza TV movies, it is revealed that "Little Joe" had died in the Spanish–American War– a member of the "Rough Riders". Little Joe had a son Benjamin 'Benj' Cartwright who was seen in all three Bonanza TV movies.
Ray Teal – Sheriff Roy Coffee
Veteran character actor Ray Teal essayed the role of Sheriff Roy Coffee on 98 episodes from to  He appeared in more than movies and some 90 television programs during his year career. His longest-running role was as Sheriff Roy Coffee. He had also played a sheriff in the Billy Wilder film Ace in the Hole (). Teal co-starred in numerous TV westerns throughout his career: he appeared five times on Cheyenne, twice on The Lone Ranger, on The Alaskans, a short-lived series starring Roger Moore, three times in different roles on another long-running western series, Wagon Train, on NBC's Tales of Wells Fargo with Dale Robertson, on the ABC western series Broken Arrow, five times on the ABC western comedy Maverick starring James Garner and Jack Kelly, sometimes playing a villain, on the CBS western series The Texan with Rory Calhoun, the NBC western series The Californians, twice on Colt with Wayde Preston, once on Wanted: Dead or Alive with Steve McQueen and as "Sheriff Clay" for a single episode of the NBC western series Riverboat with Darren McGavin, and four times on a western series about the rodeo titled Wide Country.
Teal was a bit-part player in western films for several years before landing a substantial role in Northwest Passage () starring Spencer Tracy. Another of his roles was as Little John in The Bandit of Sherwood Forest (). Notable film roles include playing one of the judges in Judgment at Nuremberg () with Spencer Tracy, and an indulgent bar owner to Marlon Brando's motorcycle gang in The Wild One (), which was the second of three times that Teal appeared with Brando, having done so already as a drunk in Brando's debut in The Men () and later in Brando's only directorial effort, One-Eyed Jacks (), as a bartender.
Sheriff Coffee was occasionally the focus of a plot as in the episode "No Less a Man" (broadcast March 15, ). A gang of thieves has been terrorizing towns around Virginia City and the town council wants to replace Coffee, whom they consider over-the-hill, with a younger sheriff before the gang hits town, not realizing that they'd been spared earlier because the gang's leader was wary of Coffee's longevity and only acquiesced to rob the Virginia City bank after extreme pressure from other gang members. Coffee ends up showing the town that youth and a fast gun don't replace experience.
Guy Williams – Will Cartwright
Guy Williams was slated in , the year that Bonanza hit #1 in the ratings, to replace Pernell Roberts upon Roberts' departure, enabling the series to preserve the four-Cartwright format for the run of the series. His character, Ben's nephew Will Cartwright, was introduced and was the lead character in five episodes, receiving "Starring" billing after the four original rotating Cartwrights during his second appearance going forward, but Roberts changed his mind later and decided to stay for one more season, whereupon Williams found himself pushed out of the part; it was rumored that Michael Landon and Lorne Greene felt threatened by the studio initiating a precedent of successfully replacing one heroic leading man Cartwright with a new one, particularly in view of Williams' popularity with viewers. Williams had previously portrayed the titular character in Walt Disney's Zorro television series, and went on to play the lead in Lost in Space, a science fiction television series, after the role in Bonanza ended.
David Canary – "Candy" Canaday
After graduating from the University of Cincinnati, David Canary was offered a left-end position with the Denver Broncos, but pursued acting and singing. In , he joined the cast as "Candy" Canaday, a plucky Army brat turned cowboy, who became the Cartwrights' confidant, ranch foreman and timber vessel captain. Dortort was impressed by Canary's talent, but the character vanished in September , after Canary had a contract dispute. He returned two seasons later after co-star Dan Blocker's death, reportedly having been approached by Landon. Canary played the character on a total of 93 episodes. Canary joined the cast in Season 9.
Victor Sen Yung – Hop Sing
Chinese American actor Victor Sen Yung played the Cartwrights' happy-go-lucky cook, whose blood pressure rose when the family came late for dinner. Cast here as the faithful domestic, the comedy relief character had little to do beyond chores. He once used martial arts to assail a towering family foe. Though often referenced, Hop Sing only appeared in an average of eight to nine shows each season. As a semi-regular cast member, Sen Yung was only paid per episode. After 14 years, he was widely known, but making far less than his Ponderosa peers. The Hop Sing character was central in only two episodes: "Mark of Guilt" (#) and "The Lonely Man" (#). Bonanza series creator David Dortort told the Archive of American Television that the "Hop Sing" character generated massive fandom - "Victor was just absolutely delightful. He loved the part; he loved doing it. In fact, he began to develop fans, to the extent that I wrote him in as the feature part in a number of shows.”
Mitch Vogel – Jamie Hunter/Cartwright
After Canary's departure in mid, and aware of the show's aging demographic, the writers sought a fresh outlet for Ben's fatherly advice. Fourteen-year-old Mitch Vogel was introduced as Jamie Hunter in "A Matter of Faith" (season 12, episode ). Vogel played the red-haired orphan of a roving rainmaker, whom Ben takes in and adopts later in a episode, called "A Home for Jamie."
Tim Matheson – Griff King
During the final season, in –73, Tim Matheson portrayed Griff King, a parolee who tries to reform his life as a worker at the Ponderosa Ranch under Ben Cartwright's tutelage.
Lou Frizzell – Dusty Rhodes
Following Canary's departure, Lou Frizzell's character accompanied Jamie Hunter to the Ponderosa and became the Cartwright's foreman.
Cast episode count
(Of total episodes)
- Lorne Greene – Ben Cartwright – episodes (Season 1–14)
- Michael Landon – Joseph "Little Joe" Cartwright – episodes (Season 1–14)
- Dan Blocker – Eric "Hoss" Cartwright – episodes (Season 1–13)
- Pernell Roberts – Adam Cartwright – episodes (Season 1–6)
- Victor Sen Yung – Hop Sing – episodes (Season 1–14)
- Ray Teal – Sheriff Coffee – 98 episodes (Season 2–13)
- David Canary – "Candy" Canaday – 91 episodes (Season 9–11, 14)
- Bing Russell – Deputy Clem Foster – 57 episodes (Season 4–6, 8–14)
- Mitch Vogel – Jamie Hunter Cartwright – 45 episodes (Season 12–14)
- Tim Matheson – Griff King – 9 episodes (Season 14)
- Lou Frizzell – Dusty Rhodes – 11 episodes (Season 11–13)
- Betty Endicott – Various – 81 episodes (Season 2–8, )
- Guy Williams – Will Cartwright – 5 episodes (Season 5)
Further information: List of Bonanza episodes
Broadcast history and ratings
Initially, Bonanza aired on Saturdays at p.m. Eastern, opposite Dick Clark's Saturday Night Beech-Nut Show and John Gunther's High Road on ABC, and Perry Mason on CBS. Bonanza's initial ratings were respectable, often coming in behind Mason but ahead of the ABC lineup. Ironically, executives considered canceling the show before its premiere because of its high cost. NBC kept it because Bonanza was one of the first series to be filmed and broadcast in color, including scenes of picturesque Lake Tahoe, Nevada. NBC's corporate parent, Radio Corporation of America (RCA), used the show to spur sales of RCA-manufactured color television sets (RCA was also the primary sponsor of the series during its first two seasons).
For Season 3, NBC moved Bonanza to Sundays at pm Eastern with new sponsor Chevrolet (replacing The Dinah Shore Chevy Show). The new time slot caused Bonanza to soar in the ratings, and it eventually reached number one by , an honor it would keep until when it was seriously challenged by the socially daring variety show, The Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour on CBS. By , Bonanza was the first series to appear in the Top Five list for nine consecutive seasons (a record that would stand for many years) and thus established itself as the most consistent strong-performing hit television series of the s. Bonanza remained high on the Nielsen ratings until , when it finally fell out of the Top Ten.
During the summer of , NBC broadcast reruns of episodes of the show from the – era on Tuesdays at p.m. under the title Ponderosa while also rerunning more recent episodes on Sunday evenings in the show's normal time slot as Bonanza. In the fall of , off-network episodes were released in broadcast syndication to local stations by NBC under the Ponderosa name. After the series was canceled in , the syndicated reruns reverted to the Bonanza name.
- TV Week Logie Award for Most Popular Overseas Show (Australia)
- Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Individual Achievements in Entertainment – Color Consultant, Edward P. Ancona Jr. (color consultant)
- Primetime Emmy Award for Individual Achievements in Film Editing – Marvin Coil (editor), Everett Douglas (editor), Ellsworth Hoagland (editor)
- Bambi, TV Series International – Lorne Greene, Dan Blocker, Michael Landon and Pernell Roberts
- Bronze Wrangler Award, True Television Drama – For episode "The Wish".
- Primetime Emmy Award Outstanding Achievement in Music Composition – For a Series or a Single Program of a Series (First Music's Use Only) David lean (composer) For episode "The Love Child".
- TV Land Award for Best in the West
- OFTA TV Hall of Fame Television Programs
- Writers Guild of America, USA – Episodic, Longer Than 30 Minutes in Length – Donald S. Sanford For Bonanza: The Last Hunt ().
- Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Achievement in Cinematography for Television – Walter Castle (cinematographer) and Haskell B. Boggs (cinematographer)
- Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Achievement in Art Direction and Scenic Design – Hal Pereira (art director) and A. Earl Hedrick (scenic designer)
- Golden Globes Award for Best TV Show
- Golden Award for Best TV Star Male: Lorne Greene
- Eddie Awards for Best Edited Television Program – Marvin Coil For episode "Hoss and the Leprechaun".
- Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Individual Achievements in Entertainment – Cinematographer – Haskell B. Boggs (cinematographer) and William P. Whitley (cinematographer)
- Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Dramatic Series – David Dortort (producer)
- Primetime Emmy Award for Individual Achievements in Music – Composition David Rose
- Primetime Emmy Award for Individual Achievements in Cinematography – Cinematography – Haskell B. Boggs (cinematographer) and William P. Whitley (cinematographer)
- Primetime Emmy Award for Individual Achievements in Cinematography – Special – Edward P. Ancona Jr. (color coordinator)
- Troféu Imprensa, Brazil – Best Series (Melhor Série)
- Primetime Emmy Award for Individual Achievements in Cinematography – Cinematography Haskell B. Boggs (cinematographer) and William P. Whitley (cinematographer)
- Eddie Awards for Best Edited Television Program – Danny B. Landres For episode "Dead Wrong".
- Primetime Award for Outstanding Achievement in Cinematography for Entertainment Programming – For a Series or a Single Program of a Series – Ted Voigtlander For episode "The Love Child".
- TV Land Award for Favorite Made-for-TV Maid – Victor Sen Yung
From the third season on, the Cartwrights and nearly every other recurring character on the show wore the same clothing in almost every episode. The reason for this is twofold: it made duplication of wardrobe easier for stunt doubles (Hal Burton, Bob Miles, Bill Clark, Lyle Heisler, Ray Mazy) and it cut the cost of refilming action shots (such as riding clips in-between scenes), as previously shot stock footage could be reused. Below is a survey of costumes employed:
- Ben Cartwright: Sandy shirt, tawny leather vest, gray pants, cream-colored hat, occasional green scarf.
- Adam Cartwright: Black shirt, black or midnight blue pants, black hat. Elegant city wear. Cream-colored trail coat.
- Hoss Cartwright: White shirt, brown suede vest, brown pants, large beige flat-brimmed, ten-gallon hat.
- Little Joe Cartwright: Beige, light gray shirt, kelly-green jacket, tan pants, beige hat. Black leather gloves from 10th season on. In season 14, he and Greene occasionally wore different shirts and slacks, as the footage of them and the late Dan Blocker together could no longer be reused.
- Candy Canaday: Crimson shirt, black pants, black leather vest, black hat, grey/ pale purple scarf.
It was not unusual for Little Joe Cartwright and Candy Canaday to appear shirtless in various scenes involving manual labor.
The horse saddles used by the Bonanza cast were made by the Bona Allen company of Buford, Georgia.
In , Blocker began wearing a toupee on the series, as he was approaching age 40 and his hair loss was becoming more evident. He joined the ranks of his fellow co-stars Roberts and Greene, both of whom had begun the series with hairpieces (Greene wore his modest frontal piece in private life too, whereas Roberts preferred not wearing his, even to rehearsals/blocking). Landon was the only original cast member who was wig-free throughout the series, as even Sen Yung wore an attached rattail- queue.
Bonanza features a memorable theme song by Jay Livingston and Ray Evans that was orchestrated by David Rose and arranged by Billy May for the television series. Members of the Western Writers of America chose it as one of the Top Western songs of all time.
The Bonanza theme song famously opens with a blazing Ponderosa map and saddlebound Cartwrights. The melodic intro, emulating galloping horses, is one of the most recognized television scores. Variations of the theme were used for 12 seasons on the series. Although there were two official sets of lyrics (some country-western singers, avoiding royalties, substituted the copyright renditions with their own words), the series simply used an instrumental theme. Three of the cast members bellowed-out the original lyrics, unaccompanied, at the close of the pilot (Pernell Roberts, the sole professional singer of the quartet, abstained and untethered the horse reins). Before the pilot aired (on September 12, ), the song sequence, deemed too campy, was edited out of the scene and instead the Cartwrights headed back to the ranch whooping and howling. In a song, the Livingston-Evans lyrics were revised by Lorne Greene with a more familial emphasis, "on this land we put our brand, Cartwright is the name, fortune smiled the day we filed the Ponderosa claim" ("Bonanza", Bear Family Boxed set, Disc #2). In , a slightly revamped horn and percussion-heavy arrangement of the original score introduced the series- which was used until A new theme song, called "The Big Bonanza" was written in by episode scorer David Rose, and was used from – Action-shot pictorials of the cast replaced the galloping trio. Finally, a faster rendition of the original music returned for the 14th and final season, along with action shots of the cast.
The theme song has been recorded by numerous artists in a diverse variety of styles. The first recorded and released version was an instrumental by Marty Gold, on his album Swingin' West. This was followed by the February single by Buddy Morrow and his Orchestra, which included vocals. Morrow's version also appeared on his album Double Impact which featured several other then-recent television themes. In December , another vocal version was issued only in the United Kingdom by Johnny Gregory (bandleader) and his Orchestra and Chorus released on the Fontana label. All aforementioned vocal versions, including the television pilot, used lyrics written by Livingston and Evans contained in the first published sheet music for the song, though not all the lyrics were sung. A Bonanza soundtrack album released in late included a version by David Rose; Rose also had a single and included the theme on his album Exodus in a different mix. The biggest hit version is a guitar instrumental by Al Caiola, which reached number 19 on Billboard in Other versions were released by Billy Vaughn, Valjean, Lorne Greene, Johnny Cash and Nelson Riddle.
Country singer Johnny Cash was first to record a full length vocal version of the theme song. He and Johnny Western discarded the original Livingston and Evans lyrics, and wrote new ones, though the revised lyrics still make direct reference to the Cartwrights and the Ponderosa. The song first saw release by September as a single. Sometime after June , it was released as a track on his sixteenth album: Ring of Fire: The Best of Johnny Cash. This version was later covered by Faron Young for his album Aims at the West. Singer Ralf Paulsen recorded a German-language version of the song in , released in mid-June on Capitol Records in the United States. His German version (lyrics attributed to "Nicolas") was sung in the same style and mood in which Cash had recorded it, and was fairly close in translation.
Carlos Malcolm & His Afro-Jamaican Rhythms released a ska version of the song as "Bonanza Ska" on Trojan Records in This version was later covered by Bad Manners () and the Hurtin' Buckaroos (). Michael Richards, as Stanley Spadowski, sang a bit of the theme song while being held hostage by Channel 8's news goons in UHF (he did not know the words to the song he was originally supposed to sing, "Helter Skelter"). Michael Feinstein was the last to record the song in on his Songs of Evans and Livingston tribute CD. The Little House on the Prairie theme (also by Rose), was heard first in a episode of Bonanza. The overture for The High Chaparral composed by Harry Sukman can be heard briefly at the start of the episode "Four Sisters from Boston". On January 29, , Marty Stuart and the Fabulous Superlatives performed the song on episode 56 of The Marty Stuart Show. The band often includes the song in their live shows.
The opening scene for the first season was shot at Lake Hemet, a reservoir in the San Jacinto Mountains, Riverside County, California, and later moved to Lake Tahoe. During the first season extra horses were rented from the Idyllwild Stables in Idyllwild, also in the San Jacinto Mountains. The first Virginia City set was used on the show until and was located on a backlot at Paramount and featured in episodes of Have Gun – Will Travel, Mannix, and The Brady Bunch. In the premiere episode of the 12th season titled "The Night Virginia City Died", Deputy Clem Foster's pyromaniac fiancée levels the town in a series of fires (reflecting a real fire that destroyed three-quarters of Virginia City). This allowed for a switch to the less expensive Warner studios from September through January The script was initially written for the departing David Canary's Candy, but was rewritten for actors Ray Teal (Sheriff Roy Coffee) and Bing Russell (Deputy Clem Foster), who rarely appeared together on the show.
The program's Nevada set, the Ponderosa Ranch house, was recreated in Incline Village, Nevada, in , and remained a tourist attraction until its sale thirty-seven years later in September
It was partially filmed in Wildwood Regional Park in Thousand Oaks, California.
Social issues addressed
Bonanza is uniquely known for having addressed racism, not typically covered on American television during the time period, from a compassionate, humanitarian point-of-view.
Bigotry, and anti-semitism, was the subject of the episode "Look to the Stars" (Season 3, Episode 26; original air date March 18, ). A bigoted school teacher Mr. Norton (oblivious of his prejudice) routinely expels minority students. When he expels the brilliant Jewish student Albert Michelson, a scientific genius whose experiments on the streets of Virginia City often cause commotion, Ben Cartwright steps in and confronts Norton on his bigotry. Ashamed, the school teacher vows to reform. A coda to the episode reveals that Michelson went on to win the Nobel Prize for Physics.
In the episode "Enter Thomas Bowers" (Season 5, Episode 30; original air date April 26, ), the Cartwright family helps the opera singer Bowers, an African Americanfreedman, after he encounters prejudice while in Virginia City to perform. Bowers winds up arrested as a fugitive slave. At the beginning of the episode, Adam is shown to be outraged at the Supreme Court's Dred Scott v. Sandford decision (placing the time as ), which he discusses with his father. According to David Dortort, sponsor General Motors was anxious about the episode. As producer, Dortort ensured that the episode re-aired during the summer rerun seasons, though two TV stations in the South refused to air it.
In the episode "The Wish," directed by Michael Landon, Hoss protects an African American former slave's family when confronted with racism after the American Civil War. In "The Fear Merchants," discrimination against Chinese immigrants who attempt to assimilate in American society is addressed. "The Lonely Man" presents the controversial interracial marriage between the Cartwrights longtime Chinese chef (Hop Sing) and a white woman (Missy).
Bonanza has had a highly profitable merchandising history. Currently, Bonanza Ventures, Inc. grants merchandising and licensing rights worldwide. The original series has spawned several successful novelty western/folk albums from – including “Bonanza, Christmas on the Ponderosa”; three dozen Dell and Gold Key comic books from through ; a short-lived comic book adaptation by Dutch comics artist Hans G. Kresse between –,Jim Beam Whiskey Ponderosa Ranch decanters –; a series of "Big-Little" books from –; Revel Bonanza model character sets from –; a chain of Bonanza and Ponderosa steakhouses from –present; the Lake Tahoe-based "Ponderosa" theme park from –; a line of American Character action figures in –; Aladdin lunch buckets and thermos bottles in –; View Master slide sets in , ; Ponderosa tin cups from –; a series of Hamilton collector plates in –; and most recently, Breyer Fiftieth Anniversary Ponderosa Stable sets, with horses and Cartwright figures in –
Fourteen Bonanza novels have been published:
- Bonanza: A Novel by Noel Loomis ();
- Bonanza: One Man With Courage by Thomas Thompson ();
- Bonanza: Killer Lion by Steve Frazee ();
- Bonanza: Treachery Trail by Harry Whittington ();
- Winter Grass by Dean Owen ();
- Ponderosa Kill by Dean Owen ();
- The Pioneer Spirit by Stephen Calder ();
- The Ponderosa Empire by Stephen Calder ();
- Bonanza: The High Steel Hazard by Stephen Calder ();
- Journey of the Horse by Stephen Calder ();
- The Money Hole by Stephen Calder ();
- The Trail to Timberline by Stephen Calder ();
- Bonanza: Felling of the Sons by Monette L. Bebow-Reinhard (),
- Bonanza: Mystic Fire by Monette L. Bebow-Reinhard ().
There is also a collection of Bonanza stories: The Best of Bonanza World: A Book of Favorite Stories, published by CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform (). Bonanza Gold (–), a quarterly magazine, featured detailed information about the show, including interviews with guest actors and other production personnel, articles about historical events and people depicted in the series, fan club information, and fan fiction. Seasons 1–11 (as of 10/) are available on DVD, as well as several non-successive public-domain episodes (sans original theme music). The prequel series, The Ponderosa, as well as the three sequel movies (see below), are all available on DVD.
Cancellation and revival
In the fall of , NBC moved Bonanza to Tuesday nights– where reruns from the – period had been broadcast the previous summer under the title The Ponderosa– opposite the All In The Family spinoff show, Maude, which was a virtual death sentence for the program. The scheduling change, as well as Dan Blocker's death in May , resulted in plunging ratings for the show. David Canary returned to his former role of Candy (to offset Hoss' absence), and a new character named Griff King (played by Tim Matheson) was added in an attempt to lure younger viewers. Griff, in prison for nearly killing his abusive stepfather, was paroled into Ben's custody and given a job as a ranch hand. Several episodes were built around his character, one that Matheson never had a chance to fully develop before the show was abruptly cancelled in November (with the final episode airing January 16, ). Many fans, as well as both Landon and Greene, felt that the character of Hoss was essential, as he was a nurturing, empathetic soul who rounded out the all-male cast.
For 14 years, Bonanza was the premier western on American television; Reruns of the series have aired on several cable networks such as TV Land, INSP, Family Channel, and the Hallmark Channel. The series is currently seen on Me-TV, TV Land, INSP, Circle, Great American Country, and Encore Westerns. TV Land airs Bonanza from only the first season to the – season. INSP initially broadcast only selected first and second-season episodes of Bonanza and began to air the Bonanza "Lost Episodes" packages which contain episodes from – The Family Channel and the Hallmark Channel are two other cable networks that have also broadcast the Bonanza Lost Episodes package. In October , Me-TV began showing the Bonanza Lost Episodes package. Beginning in March , Me-TV has been airing the Lost Episodes, and repeating all 14 seasons of the series from beginning to end.
Bonanza was revived for a series of three made-for-television movies featuring the Cartwrights' children: Bonanza: The Next Generation (), Bonanza: The Return (), and Bonanza: Under Attack (). Michael Landon Jr., played Little Joe's son Benji while Gillian Greene, Lorne Greene's daughter, played a love interest. In the second movie, airing on NBC, a one-hour retrospective was done to introduce the drama. It was hosted by both Michael Landon Jr., and Dirk Blocker, who looks and sounds remarkably like his father, Dan Blocker. According to the magazine TV Guide, producer David Dortort told Blocker he was too old to play the Hoss scion, but gave him the role of an unrelated newspaper reporter. Clips of his appearance were heavily used in advertisements promoting the "second generation" theme, perhaps misleading audiences to believe that Blocker was playing Hoss' heir. Hoss' son Josh was born out of wedlock, as it is explained that Hoss drowned without knowing his fiancėe was pregnant. Such a storyline might have been problematic in the original series. (The Big Valley, however, had a major character in Heath, who was presented as illegitimate. The Gunsmoke movies of the early s employed a similar theme when Marshal Matt Dillon learned he had sired Michael Learned's character's daughter in a short-lived romance. The initial story was first introduced in , when depiction of fornication courted protests, so CBS insisted their hero Matt have the encounter when he had amnesia.)
Further information: Ponderosa (TV series)
In , there was an attempt to revive the Bonanza concept with a prequel, Ponderosa– not to be confused with the summer reruns under the same title– with a pilot directed by Simon Wincer and filmed in Australia. Covering the time when the Cartwrights first arrived at the Ponderosa, when Adam and Hoss were teenagers and Joe a little boy, the series lasted 20 episodes and featured less gunfire and brawling than the original. Bonanza creator David Dortort approved PAX TV (now Ion TV)'s decision to hire Beth Sullivan, formerly of Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman, which some believe gave the series more depth as well as a softer edge. The Hop Sing character is depicted not only as a cook but also a family counselor and herbal healer. The series takes place in Nevada Territory in , which is actually an anachronism. The Nevada Territory did not split from the Utah Territory until , meaning that until at least the 5th season (the episode "Enter Thomas Bowers" establishes that year as ), Bonanza is also set in what in real life would have been Utah Territory.
A handful of early episodes have fallen into the public domain. These episodes have been released by several companies in different configurations, with substandard picture and sound quality, edited, and by legal necessity with the copyright-protected Evans–Livingston theme song replaced with generic western music.
In , NBC licensed the distribution rights to the series, along with the rest of its pre library, to National Telefilm Associates, which changed its name to Republic Pictures in Republic would become part of the Spelling Entertainment organization in through Worldvision Enterprises. Select episodes ("The Best of Bonanza") were officially released in North America in on DVD through then-Republic video licensee Artisan Entertainment (which was later purchased by Lionsgate Home Entertainment). Republic (through CBS Media Ventures, which holds the television side of Republic's holdings) still retains the syndication distribution rights to the series. CBS Home Entertainment (under Paramount Home Media Distribution) is the official home video rights distributor at present.
Starting in September , CBS Home Entertainment (distributed by Paramount) has to date released the first eleven seasons on DVD in Region 1. All episodes have been digitally remastered from original 35mm film elements to yield the best picture and sound quality possible with current technology. CBSHE has released each season in two-volume sets (available together and separately). Each and every set contains exclusive multiple and rare bonus features, more than any other vintage long-running television series released on DVD. Classic series collections usually have bonus features included with the first season release only, if at all.
In Region 2, AL!VE AG released the first seven seasons on DVD in Germany between – These releases are now out of print as AL!VE has lost the rights. In , StudioCanal acquired the rights to the series and have begun re-releasing it on DVD, and all seasons have now been released but have not been remastered.
Episodes of the series have also been officially released as part-works on DVD in France and the United Kingdom.
Bonanza "the official first season" was released in Scandinavia during The first season is released in 4 volumes. The first two volumes were released on October 20, , and the second two volumes on April 27,
|DVD name||Ep #||Release date|
|The Official 1st Season, Vol. 1||16||September 15, |
|The Official 1st Season, Vol. 2||16||September 15,|
|The Official 2nd Season, Vol. 1||18||December 7, |
|The Official 2nd Season, Vol. 2||16||October 11, |
|The Official 3rd Season, Vol. 1||18||July 17,|
|The Official 3rd Season, Vol. 2||16||July 17,|
|The Official 4th Season, Vol. 1||18||October 2,|
|The Official 4th Season, Vol. 2||16||October 2,|
|The Official 5th Season, Vol. 1||18||February 12,|
|The Official 5th Season, Vol. 2||16||February 12,|
|The Official 6th Season, Vol. 1||18||July 9,|
|The Official 6th Season, Vol. 2||16||July 9,|
|The Official 7th Season, Vol. 1||15||September 2,|
|The Official 7th Season, Vol. 2||18||September 2,|
|The Official 8th Season, Vol. 1||18||June 2,|
|The Official 8th Season, Vol. 2||16||June 2,|
|The Official 9th Season, Vol. 1||16||May 7,|
|The Official 9th Season, Vol. 2||18||May 7,|
|The Official 10th Season, Vol. 1||15||December 17,|
|The Official 10th Season, Vol. 2||15||December 17,|
|The Official 11th Season, Vol. 1||16||October 27,|
|The Official 11th Season, Vol. 2||12||October 27,|
|Season 1||December 8,||December 20, |
|Season 2||February 16,||No release of seasons 2–14|
|Season 3||April 19,|
|Season 4||June 21,|
|Season 5||August 23,|
|Season 6||October 18,|
|Season 7||November 1,|
|Seasons 1–7||December 6,|
|Season 8||January 24, |
|Season 9||February 21, |
|Season 10||April 18, |
|Season 11||June 6,|
|Season 12||August 1,|
|Season 13||October 2,|
|Season 14||November 21,|
|Seasons 8–14||December 5,|
|DVD name||Ep #||Release date|
|Season 1||32||November 2,|
|Season 2||34||February 8,|
|Season 3||34||May 9,|
|Season 4||34||October 3,|
|Season 5||34||January 15,|
|Season 6||34||February 10,|
|Season 7||33||May 4,|
|Season 8||34||February 6, |
|Season 9||34||August 7, |
|Season 10||30||March 18, |
|Season||November 18, |
|Season 11||28||February 17, |
- The film Twin Town alludes to and parodies Bonanza. Some of the central characters are members of a Cartwright family, and live in a home called Ponderosa.
- The German school comedy Hurra, die Schule brennt! features its co-star Peter Alexander wearing a duplicate of Ben Cartwright's outfit and singing a cover version of the Bonanza theme at a school play originally meant to be a dramatization of Schiller'sWilliam Tell.
- In American Desperado, co-authored by Jon Roberts (né John Riccobono) and award-winning journalist/author Evan Wright, Roberts shares in Chapter 3 that he missed his "Sea Hunt and Bonanza, [his] favorite TV shows", when his mother sent him to Palermo to live with his father, Nat Riccobono. Roberts confides in the book that Riccobono– a mobster and illegal alien – had been deported to Sicily following the Apalachin Meeting. After returning to the United States "after a few weeks", Roberts found that, "Watching Bonanza on TV was one thing I had in common with normal kids.  But when I listened to how other people talked about Bonanza, I was amazed.  My way of seeing it was different. To me the Cartwrights had the might and power, and they used it to take over all that land on their Ponderosa ranch.  From the way I saw it, the Cartwrights were the same as my father and uncles in the Mafia. They understood force." Roberts further discloses that, upon his return to the United States: "Because of all the stories in the news about my family, Riccobono was a bad name. My mother told me I had to change my last name. I changed my name to John Pernell Roberts, after Pernell Roberts, who played the oldest son on Bonanza. I liked him best because he wore black. His hat, his vest, his gun belt were all black. He was the top enforcer for the family. He was the kind of guy I wanted to be. I wanted to steal my own Ponderosa when I grew up." Roberts repeats this explanation for his name change in other media, as well, such as the documentary Cocaine Cowboys.
- On the first season of Law & Order: Criminal Intent, episode "Homo Homini Lupus", Detective Robert Goren is able to catch and arrest Simon Matic, a former Serbian soldier wanted for extortion and rape by calling Matic's cellphone after following him into a crowded restaurant. His victim had told Goren that his ringtone was the theme to Bonanza. Matic also goes by the name of "Little Joe."
- The couch gag for an episode of The Simpsons, titled "We're on the Road to D'ohwhere", is a parody of the show's title sequence featuring a map of Springfield burning to reveal the Simpson family riding toward the camera.
- In the TV series The Golden Girls, an episode titled "Wham, Bam, Thank You, Mammy", Blanche (Rue McClanahan) gives her former nanny, Viola Watkins, a music box and she opens it and the Bonanza theme song plays, to which Blanche says "The Theme from Bonanza".
- In the TV series Blossom's episode "The Departure", Joey (Joey Lawrence) asks if Little Joe, Hoss, and Hop Sing have their own islands.
- Some resources[which?] suggest that Ben Cartwright was the basis for Jeff Tracy and that the Tracy family as a whole was based on the Cartwrights in Gerry Anderson's Supermarionation series Thunderbirds.
- In the TV series Maverick episode "Three Queens Full" Bart (Jack Kelly) is blackmailed by Joe Wheelwright (Jim Backus), owner of the Subrosa ranch, into escorting mail order brides for Wheelwright's three sons Aaron, Moose and Small Paul.
- The German Western comedy Der Schuh des Manitu borrows the name of the Ponderosa Ranch for a beauty ranch named "Puderrosa" (engl.: "Powder rosé") run by the main character's twin brother, a very gay MescaleroApache.
- One scene in the romantic fantasy film Splash showed Madison watching the show on Alan's TV set and cried when someone died. Alan assured her that it's all pretend.
- In the Barry Levinson film Tin Men, aluminum siding salesman Sam (Jackie Gayle) regales his siding sales buddies on Mondays with comments on the previous night's Bonanza episode.
- In a January episode (# 15) of 3rd Rock from the Sun, characters Dick, Tommy, and Harry are driving west to rescue Sally somewhere near the impending Super Bowl in San Diego. A shot of a USA map burns from a single point as does the map in the Bonanza opening sequence.
- In Andy Daly launched the podcast Bananas for Bonanza, in which Andy's famous cowboy character, Dalton Wilcox, reviews old episodes of Bonanza.
- ^"Bonanza Opening Theme". YouTube: SantoVaquero. 16 October https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=eCU0lkWX7S4
- ^"Bonanza Television Show – ONE". www.onlinenevada.org.
- ^"Bonanza – Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary". Merriam-webster.com. Retrieved March 7,
- ^"Bonanza Lyrics and Theme". ponderosascenery.homestead.com.
- ^"TV Guide Names Top 50 Shows". Cbsnews.com. Retrieved March 7,
- ^Roush, Matt (February 25, ). "Showstoppers: The 60 Greatest Dramas of All Time". TV Guide. pp. 16–
- ^ abcdBrooks, Tim, and Earle Marsh, The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows, –Present (Sixth Edition), New York: Ballantine Books, , ISBN, p.
- ^mentioned in first scene of first episode
- ^Paulette Cohn (May 24, ). "Bonanza, a s TV Show Ahead of the Times". American Profile. Retrieved May 20,
- ^Bennett, Linda Greene (November 1, ). My Father's Voice: The Biography of Lorne Greene (Paperbacked.). iUniverse, Inc. p. ISBN.
- ^ abcdeBonanza: A Viewer's Guide to a TV Legend, by David Greenland; R&G Productions
- ^TV Guide Top 50 Dad's of All Time, by Raisley Gordon, TV Guide,
- ^"The Philip Diedesheimer Story". Bonanza. October 31,
- ^Bonanza: The Return. April 21,
- ^ abBonanza: Scenery of the Ponderosa,- Candy Canaday
- ^Dick Kleiner, NEA, July 18, [vague]
- ^Michael Landon, The Tonight Show, March 19,
- ^Episode No. 1, "Loletta",
- ^Episode No. 95, "Inger My Love",
- ^Bonanza, "Journey Remembered", episode #, NBC-TV,
- ^Claxton, W.F. (Director). (). Bonanza: The Next Generation [Film]. Gaylord Productions, Bonanza Ventures.
- ^ ab"Bonanza" four CD set biography notes, Bear Family Records
- ^ abimdb.com
- ^Bonanza, "Sense of Duty", episode , September 24,
- ^Bonanza, "Stage Door Johnnies", 7/28/68
- ^ ab"The actor who played Bonanza's Hop Sing actually was an acclaimed chef". MeTV National Limited Partnership. March 13, Retrieved October 20,
- ^"The TV Ratings Guide: Ratings History".
- ^"The TV Ratings Guide: Ratings History".
- ^Michael Landon, "The Tonight Show", NBC-TV, March 10,
- ^Western Writers of America (). "The Top Western Songs". American Cowboy. Archived from the original on August 13,
- ^"The Marty Stuart Show – Episode 56 – January 29, ". Martystuart.com. January 29, Retrieved June 28,
- ^Schad, Jerry (). Los Angeles County: A Comprehensive Hiking Guide. Wilderness Press. Pages 35– ISBN
- ^Stone, Robert (). Day Hikes Around Ventura County. Day Hike Books. Page ISBN
- ^Maxwell, Thomas J. (). Hiking In Wildwood Regional Park: Natural History, Folklore, and Trail Guide. California Lutheran University. Page 2.
- ^As noted supra, Lorne Greene and Michael Landon were Jewish.
- ^"Look to the Stars". TV.com. Retrieved December 18,
- ^"Enter Thomas Bowers". TV.com. Retrieved December 18,
- ^Mavis (September 17, ), Bonanza: The Official First Season, Volume 2
- ^"Bonanza: The Wish Synopsis". Fandango.com. March 9, Retrieved March 7,
- ^"Hans G. Kresse". lambiek.net.
- ^Bonanza Lost Episodes – Starts MondayArchived October 22, , at the Wayback Machine at MeTV.com
- ^"Bonanza DVD news: Box Art for Bonanza – The Official 1st Season, Volume 1 and Bonanza – The Official 1st Season, Volume 2". TVShowsOnDVD.com. Archived from the original on May 17, Retrieved July 13,
- ^"Bonanza DVD news: Announcement for Bonanza – The Official 2nd Season, Vol. 1". TVShowsOnDVD.com. Archived from the original on January 23, Retrieved March 7,
- ^"Bonanza DVD news: Announcement for Bonanza – The Official 2nd Season, Vol. 2". TVShowsOnDVD.com. Archived from the original on April 29, Retrieved March 7,
- ^"Bonanza – Die komplette 8. Staffel [9 DVDs]: Amazon.de: Lorne Greene, Michael Landon, Dan Blocker, Ray Evans: Filme & TV". Amazon.de. January 30, Retrieved February 16,
- ^"Bonanza – Die komplette 9. Staffel [9 DVDs]: Amazon.de: Lorne Greene, Michael Landon, Dan Blocker, Ray Evans: Filme & TV". Amazon.de. December 13, Retrieved February 16,
- ^"Bonanza – Die komplette Staffel [8 DVDs]: Amazon.de: Lorne Greene, Michael Landon, Dan Blocker, Victor Sen Yung: Filme & TV". Amazon.de. Retrieved February 16,
- ^"Bonanza - Season 8". JB Hi-Fi. Retrieved December 2,
- ^"Bonanza - Season 9". JB Hi-Fi. Retrieved December 2,
- ^"Bonanza - The Official Tenth Season". JB Hi-Fi. Retrieved December 2,
- ^"Bonanza - Season ". JB Hi-Fi. Retrieved December 2,
- ^"Bonanza: The Official Eleventh Season - DVD". Madman Entertainment. Retrieved December 2,
- ^"Twin Town (): Connections". IMDb.com. Retrieved June 28, [unreliable source?]
- ^Jon Roberts; Evan Wright (). American Desperado. Crown Publishing Group. ISBN.
- ^"Law & Order: Criminal Intent – Episode 14, March 3, ". imdb.com. Retrieved October 20, [unreliable source?]
- ^Brooks, Tim, and Marsh, Earle (). The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows. New York: Ballantine Books. pp. ISBN.
- Bonanza: A Viewers Guide to the TV Legend by David Greenland. pages. Publisher: Crosslines Inc (June ). ISBN
- A Reference Guide to Television's Bonanza: Episodes, Personnel, and Broadcast History by Bruce R. Leiby and Linda F. Leiby. pages. Publisher: McFarland (March 1, ). ISBN
- Bonanza: The Definitive Ponderosa Companion by Melany Shapiro. pages. Publisher: Cyclone Books; illustrated edition (September ). ISBN
Nielsen Media Research top-rated United States network television show
Action. Family drama. A touch of comedy and romance. Life on the Ponderosa Ranch is never dull, what with fighting swindlers, robbers, vindictive posses, and injustices of prejudice and corruption. And then there’s heartthrob, Little Joe falling in and out of love—when he’s not playing practical jokes on his brother, Hoss! Bonanza has it all, the power to move you to tears and to make you laugh out loud.
The series centers on the Cartwright family, patriarch, Ben and his sons, Adam, Hoss and Joseph. In his youth, Ben, a former sailor, has a dream to leave the east coast and settle in California. However, a lack of funds prevents him from making a move, so he marries his fiancée, Elizabeth Stoddard, and starts a ship chandler’s shop, selling equipment, supplies and other sailing essentials. Elizabeth has a son, Adam, but shortly afterwards she dies.
Ben, knowing she wanted him to pursue his dream, sells his business, packs up young Adam and travels to Missouri, where he settles for a while. He meets and marries Inger, a lovely Swedish girl, who loves and supports his aspirations. Ben organizes a wagon train west and during the rough journey, Inger gives birth to Eric Hoss. When hostile Indians attack the pioneers, Inger is killed.
Defeated, Ben gives up on California, and puts down roots in Nevada, on his one thousand square-mile ranch, the Ponderosa. On a trip to New Orleans, Ben falls in love with Marie DeMarne, the widow of one of his ranch hands. They marry and have another son, Joseph, “Little Joe.” But marital bliss will yet again evade Ben, as Marie is thrown from a horse and dies.
The Ponderosa thrives, and Ben forms a strong family with his now adult sons based on solid values, respect and love. The Cartwright’s are hard-working, honorable and well-regarded in the territory. They are invested in their community and often become involved in politics and town matters. Because they are wealthy, jealousies arise among outsiders, and the boys find themselves having to defend their land. Even if the sons disagree with each other to the point of a fistfight, they always stand united to protect each other and the family’s upstanding reputation.
Ben Cartwright is a strong role model for his sons. He is a man of deep faith and solid morals. A self-made man, he built his ranch from nothing to become a prosperous family legacy.
Adam Cartwright is the eldest and most mature of Ben’s three sons. He is reliable and can be counted on to remain level-headed in a crisis. Adam attended college in Boston to study engineering and architecture. He designed the Ponderosa main house.
Hoss Cartwright may look like he could crush a bad guy with his pinky but, in fact he is a lovable, gentle giant of a man. He can be a little too trusting, even gullible, as younger brother Little Joe easily lures him into crazy schemes and pranks. Kind by nature, he is quite shy around the ladies.
A fun-loving, free spirit, Little Joe is the only Cartwright son born on the Ponderosa. Though known as a jokester, he’s not one to back down from a fight. Joe can be a hothead, impulsive, his temper taking over his common sense. He’s charming, handsome and knows how to sweet talk the women.
The first Western to take place within a family located at their home ranch, Bonanza combines all the classic action of the Old West with authentic family relationships, honor, justice and values.
|Ponderosa (TV series)|
|"Ponderosa" TV series title script logo|
Daniel Hugh Kelly
|PAX-TV / U.S.|
|Number of Seasons / Episodes:|
|1 season (20 episodes)|
|Original Network Run:|
|September 9, – May 12,|
Ponderosa is a television series developed by Bonanza creator David Dortort for PAX-TV (now known as ION) that ran for the – television season.
Envisioned as a prequel to the long-running NBC series Bonanza, Ponderosa had less gunfire, brawling and other traditional western elements than the original.
Bonanza creator David Dortort approved PAX TV's decision to hire Beth Sullivan, creator and executive producer of Dr. Quinn: Medicine Woman to oversee scripts and executive produce, which some believe gave the series a softer edge.
Ponderosa was canceled after one season, in part because of disappointing ratings and high production costs. Although Sullivan had hoped to film the series in and around Los Angeles, PAX decided to film in Australia to reduce costs.
The show should not be confused with Ponderosa, the title used for Bonanza reruns aired on NBC during the summer of
Ponderosa (TV series)
For the original – television series also known as Ponderosa, see Bonanza.
Ponderosa is a television series developed by Bonanza creator David Dortort for PAX TV that ran for the – television season.
Envisioned as a prequel to the NBC series Bonanza, covering the time when the Cartwrights first arrived at the Ponderosa, when Adam and Hoss were teenagers and Joe a little boy, it had less gunfire, brawling and other traditional western elements than the original.
Bonanza creator David Dortort approved PAX TV's decision to hire Beth Sullivan, creator and executive producer of Dr. Quinn: Medicine Woman, to oversee scripts and executive produce, which some believe gave the series a softer edge.
Ponderosa was canceled after one season, in part because of disappointing ratings and high production costs. Although Sullivan had hoped to film the series in and around Los Angeles, PAX decided to film in Australia to reduce costs.
The series should not be confused with Ponderosa, the title used for Bonanza reruns aired on NBC in mid
Territory of Nevada, year ten years before the original Bonanza starts, the Cartwright family moves onto some scrub land. In this new land Ben Cartwright, a new widower, tries to raise his three young sons – at their late teens Adam and Hoss, and a pre-teen Joseph, commonly known as Little Joe.
- Brad Dourif as Frenchy
- Josephine Byrnes as Margaret Green
- Fernando Carrillo as Carlos Rivera de Vega
- Sara Gleeson as Tess Greene
- Nicky Wendt as Shelby Sterritt
- Gareth Yuen as Hop Sing
- Marcella Toro (episodes 6–7) and Jaqueline Aries (episodes 10–16) as Isabella Maria Rivera de Vega
- Peter Stefanou as Jorge
Shortly after the series first aired, four episodes were released on two DVDs. The first DVD featured both parts of the pilot episode, while the second featured "Brother vs. Brother" and "Treasure".
On May 25, , The Ponderosa: Season 1: Volume 1 was released. This set collects the first ten episodes of the series. No plans have been announced yet to release the last ten episodes of the series on DVD.
A number of minor (or perceived) inconsistencies exist between Ponderosa and Bonanza, and a few glaring retcons are present.
- Most notable among these is the fate of Little Joe's mother. In the original series, her death was depicted in the episode "Marie, My Love" (4x20) as a result of falling off a horse in front of the Ponderosa ranch house. In the new series, she is killed in Virginia City by a miner who is trying to murder Eli Orowitz. Making the situation even more confusing, the pilot for the original series identifies Little Joe's mother as Felicia and not Marie as in the original.
- The Hop Sing character is depicted not only as a cook but also a family counselor and herbal healer.
- Though Ponderosa takes place in what is today the state of Nevada, Nevada Territory did not actually exist in That area (along with the portions ceded to Nevada later on) was part of Utah Territory at the time that the series takes place. Nevada Territory did not split off until , meaning that until at least the 5th season (the episode "Enter Thomas Bowers" establishes that year as ), Bonanza technically should have been set in Utah Territory as well.
- ^"BEN AND THE BOYS ARE BACK BUT Don't EXPECT a BONANZA - Orlando Sentinel".
- ^Brooks, Tim, and Earle Marsh, The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows, –present (Sixth Edition), New York: Ballantine Books, , ISBN, p.
- ^Amazon.com: The Ponderosa: Season 1: Vol. 1 – Prequel to the TV Classic Bonanza: Movies & TV: Ponderosa
- ^ abBonanza: Marie, My Love – TV.com
- ^The Ponderosa: Pilot (1) – TV.com
Show ponderosa bonanza tv
Sometimes young guys want to be older. Now, have you ever wanted to be older. Well, let's say.BONANZA S8 ep.16 Ponderosa Explosion
But now its another matter, Ill introduce Nyashka as my former student who works in Moscow but has no housing and Ill ask grandmother Vera to live in her. Apartment with me. And there we will settle down, we will have a child, the grandmother is already an old patient, you see, Nyashka and I will soon become full-fledged mistresses of.
The grandmother's Moscow apartment and Muscovites. As far as I knew, Aunt Vera had no other relatives except me.
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No one recruits. Me, those days are gone, they just offer me a job here at the department. - Yes, for which I have to pay with a pussy. - What makes you think, I did not give them consent, I said that first I would consult with my wife.