People mover

People mover DEFAULT


This article is about the Disneyland attraction. For the transport systems, see People mover. For the Magic Kingdom attraction, see Tomorrowland Transit Authority PeopleMover.

The PeopleMover, sometimes referred to as the Goodyear PeopleMover and WEDWay PeopleMover, was a transport attraction that opened on July 2, 1967, in Tomorrowland at Disneyland Resort in Anaheim, California. Guests boarded small trains that ran on elevated tracks for a "grand circle tour" above Tomorrowland. The term "people mover," now in wider use to describe many forms of automated public transport, was first coined as the name for this attraction. PeopleMover was originally only a working title, but became attached to the project over time.[2] The attraction was initially seen as a serious prototype for intercity public transport.[3] The ride closed on August 21, 1995, but its station and track infrastructure—which it shared with its short-lived successor, Rocket Rods—still remain standing as of 2021. A second PeopleMover, the Tomorrowland Transit Authority PeopleMover, opened on July 1, 1975 in Tomorrowland at the Magic Kingdom in Walt Disney World Resort in Bay Lake, Florida near Orlando, Florida, and is still operating today.[4]


The attraction's vehicles were always moving. Passengers boarded and alighted by a large speed-matched rotating platform inside the station. The trains were not powered by motors within themselves. Rather, they were pushed by rotating tires embedded in the track once every nine feet, each of which had its own electric motor.[3][2]

Each car included its own sound system which broadcast a continuous audio commentary and soundtrack, relative to the train's location. The commentary pointed out Disneyland's attractions along the way as well as announcing promotional items.[5]

The tour continued from the center of Tomorrowland through a few of Tomorrowland's buildings, for a look inside, and over Disneyland's Submarine Lagoon and Autopia areas, before returning to Tomorrowland.


The attraction used an updated WEDway system based on the WEDway used for the Ford Magic Skyway at the 1964–65 New York World's Fair.[3] When Disney asked Ford Motor Company to continue sponsorship by sponsoring Disneyland's new PeopleMover, they declined, because Ford was reluctant to support technology that appeared to replace the automobile.[6] Goodyear was then approached to sponsor it, and accepted. The wheels used in the WEDway system were replaced by Goodyear's tires. The PeopleMover's logo was then fashioned after Goodyear's logo, sharing a similar typeface. Goodyear sponsored the PeopleMover from its opening until December 31, 1981.[7] However, Goodyear's instrumental "Go Go Goodyear" advertising jingle still served as part of the attraction's soundtrack until at least 1990.[8]


The PeopleMover opened as part of New Tomorrowland in 1967. Originally, each four-car train was colored either red, blue, yellow or green with white roofs. They were repainted all white with colored stripes in 1987-88, similar to the new Mark V Monorails that began operation around the same time. In 1986, each of the 62 trains were retrofitted with safety rails for each car, to deter guests from climbing out. In 1985, these safety rails were modified to completely wrap around each car, making it even more difficult for possible accidents to occur.

SuperSpeed Tunnel[edit]

In 1977, the SuperSpeed Tunnel was added to the PeopleMover. It was located in the upper level of the Carousel Building, which then housed America Sings. Race cars were projected on the walls of the tunnel all around the trains. In 1982, the projections were changed to scenes from the film Tron and the tunnel was announced as the Game Grid of Tron by the on-board audio guide. After this addition, the attraction was advertised as the PeopleMover Thru the World of Tron.

Deaths and incidents[edit]

See also: Incidents at Disneyland Resort

In August 1967, a 16-year-old boy from Hawthorne, California, was killed while jumping between two moving PeopleMover cars as the ride was passing through a tunnel. He stumbled and fell onto the track, where an oncoming train of cars crushed him beneath its wheels and dragged his body a few hundred feet before it was stopped by a ride operator. The attraction had only been open for one month at the time.[9]

In 1972, four teenage girls were riding the PeopleMover when one teenager lost her mouse ears cap. She and her cousin jumped onto the track to retrieve them. Realizing they'd have to get on a different PeopleMover car, the first girl successfully got into a car, while the second girl ran through a tunnel and out the exit and then fell into a guard rail and onto the concrete 30 feet below. She broke an arm, hip, and pelvis; she had to be in a body brace and have a pin inserted into her leg. She sued Disney for not having any warnings about the exit.[9]

On June 7, 1980, an 18-year-old man was crushed and killed by the PeopleMover while jumping between moving cars. The accident occurred as the ride entered the SuperSpeed tunnel.[9]


The PeopleMover closed in August 1995 since Imagineers thought the ride was past its time and no longer a prototype, but rather a place to rest one's feet and also as part of Michael Eisner and Paul Pressler's program to save money by shutting down expensive and classic attractions. It was replaced by the short-lived Rocket Rods in 1998.[10] Due to the failure of Euro Disney, officials kept the PeopleMover track unbanked and original.[11]

A few of the retired PeopleMover cars were used in other parts of the resort after its closing. Three cars from train #45 used to sit outside the Team Disney Anaheim building, but they were removed in 2007. One of the cars from train #45 is now in display at the cast members cafe called the Eat Ticket.[citation needed] Another car from train #45 is now in the hands of a local resident. Two cars were repainted with a blue and orange grid to resemble a blueprint (along with Rocket Jets vehicles and the front of a Mark III Disneyland-ALWEG monorail train) and placed in the queue display for Rocket Rods, which would later close in 2000. These were later sold on Disney Auctions after Rocket Rods closed.

The checkout counters at the Little Green Men Store Command in Tomorrowland resemble PeopleMover cars and the store has former Rocket Jets vehicles retrofitted as merchandise shelves. The store also had Skyway buckets hanging from the ceiling when it was the Premiere Shop.

In 2000, almost five years after the attraction's closure, an updated version of the Autopia attraction opened. The old on-board audio music from the PeopleMover served as the background area music in Autopia's queue from 2000 to 2017.

The ride track infrastructure which served both the PeopleMover and Rocket Rods still stands unused in Tomorrowland. The track, however, is still being maintained, as it was repainted in 2005 along with the rest of Tomorrowland, and foliage over the Autopia area was trimmed away or removed from the track. In September 2010 at D23's "Destination D" event, then-president of Disneyland Resort George Kalogridis said that while there may be plans to bring back the ride, the park would not be able to return the attraction to its original form due to stricter regulations. Kalogridis stated "Everyone understands the passion everyone has for it." He additionally stated, "Hang in there."[12]

Popular culture references[edit]

  • A homage to the PeopleMover appears in the 2008 Disney·Pixar film WALL-E, depicting a transportation system with the name "PEOPLEMOVER" and the ride's signature circular boarding station.[13]
  • The box and poster art for Mega64's Version 3 DVD parodies the poster designs of the PeopleMover and Matterhorn Bobsleds, as well as Walt Disney's Disneyland opening day speech.
  • In the 2010 video game Disney Epic Mickey, the PeopleMover is featured in Tomorrow City, a dystopian version of Tomorrowland.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ abShatkin, Elina (November 23, 2015). "Vintage Disneyland PeopleMover Cars Sell for $471,500". KPCC. Archived from the original on November 24, 2015. Retrieved December 17, 2018.
  2. ^ abGennawey, Sam (December 8, 2014). "The WEDway PeopleMover Story". MiceChat. Archived from the original on October 10, 2016. Retrieved December 17, 2018.
  3. ^ abcMartin Smith. "PeopleMover History"(video). youtube.
  4. ^Dave Herbst. "'PeopleMover' is Coming Back at Walt Disney World". Disney Parks Blog.
  5. ^HBVideos. Peoplemover Ride Disneyland – via YouTube.
  6. ^Heimbuch, Jeff. "A Brief History of the WEDWay PeopleMover". MiceChat. Archived from the original on July 2, 2014. Retrieved June 22, 2014.
  7. ^Werner Weiss. "PeopleMover at Yesterland". Yesterland.
  8. ^"Disneyland Peoplemover 1990".
  9. ^ abcKoenig, David (1994). Mouse Tales: A Behind-the-Ears Look at Disneyland. Irvine, CA: Bonaventure Press. pp. 172–173. ISBN .
  10. ^"People for the return of the PeopleMover". Archived from the original on September 3, 2011.
  11. ^"Rocket Rods: Disney's Rocket-Powered Mistake – Pt. 1".
  12. ^"Is Disneyland bringing back People Mover?". Archived from the original on October 31, 2010.
  13. ^"Could this be a new People Mover concept?". Retrieved June 8, 2017.

External links[edit]

Presented by Goodyear
Travel throughout Tomorrowland and get an “inside” glimpse of each attraction.“D” Ticket
PeopleMover at Disneyland

Photo by Werner Weiss, 1974

Brightly colored PeopleMover trains

How about a leisurely, elevated 16-minute ride through Tomorrowland? Head over to the PeopleMover station on the second level of the landmark Rocket Jets tower in the heart of Tomorrowland.

Unlike the free attractions sponsored by Monsanto, General Electric, and the Bell System, this Goodyear-sponsored attraction requires a “D” coupon. Sorry.

PeopleMover at Disneyland

Photo by Chris Bales 1990

PeopleMover loading area from the ground level

PeopleMover at Disneyland

Photo by Werner Weiss, 1995

A different experience at night

Take the moving ramp up to the PeopleMover loading area. Step onto the rotating loading platform. A friendly Cast Member directs you and up to three others in your party to an empty car in one of the 62 four-car trains.

Take a seat quickly. The PeopleMover trains never stop. The doors close automatically.

You’re on your way.

PeopleMover at Disneyland

Photo by Chris Bales, 1990

Loading below the Rocket Jets—with Matterhorn mountain hidden by fog

PeopleMover at Disneyland

Photo by Chris Bales, 1995

Loading below the missing Rocket Jets (removed for maintenance)

Your PeopleMover train doesn’t have a motor—the motors are on the track. This may sound like a joke, but it’s true. Every nine feet or so, you’ll pass over an electric motor turning a genuine Goodyear tire. The tires turn against the bottom of your vehicle, propelling you forward.

There are 517 of these motor-driven units on the 3/4-mile elevated “glideway.” They range from 1/3 to 3 horsepower each because the “glideway” sometimes goes uphill or downhill. Your speed ranges from 1 1/2 to 7 m.p.h.

PeopleMover at Disneyland

Photo by Werner Weiss, 1974

Mary Blair murals on both sides

Take a good look at the tile murals by artist Mary Blair on either side of your train. You get a perfect view from up here.

The first building that you enter houses Adventure Thru Inner Space, Presented by Monsanto. There’s a great view of the queue and the Mighty Microscope, which initiates the shrinking process. Before you know it, you’re looking down into the Character Shop. When you exit the building, look to your right for a view of the Tomorrowland Stage and to your left for a view of the Rocket Jets.

PeopleMover at Disneyland

Photo by Chris Bales, 1993

The Lunching Pad below the PeopleMover loading area

You enter another pavilion. It’s the General Electric Carousel of Progress. You get a panoramic view of “Progress City,” above the rotating theaters.

The ride speeds up as you travel over the Tomorrowland Autopia and the Submarine Voyage.

PeopleMover at Disneyland

Photo by Roger J. Runck, 1968, courtesy of Robin Runck

PeopleMover track going over the Skyway!

PeopleMover at Disneyland

Photo by Chris Bales

Moving faster above the Tomorrowland Autopia

PeopleMover at Disneyland

Photo by Werner Weiss, 1969

Submarine Voyage lagoon with the PeopleMover

PeopleMover at Disneyland

Photo by Chris Bales, 1989

Above the Submarine Voyage waterfalls

The last pavilion you enter is America the Beautiful, Presented by the Bell System. You can’t see into the CircleVision theater, but you get a good view of the colorful pre-show room.

PeopleMover at Disneyland

Photo by Chris Bales, 1995

Passing the Monorail station

The PeopleMover is a high-capacity attraction. The hourly capacity is up to 4,885 guests!

PeopleMover at Disneyland

Photo by Chris Bales, 1995


Finally, you head back into the PeopleMover Station.

The next time you’re at Yesterland, ride the PeopleMover again. As Tomorrowland changes, so does this ride.

PeopleMover at Disneyland

Photo by Bill Nelson, 1973

Entrance to Tomorrowland in 1973

PeopleMover at Disneyland

Photo by Chris Bales, 1995

Entrance to Tomorrowland in 1995

The PeopleMover, Presented by Goodyear, opened on July 2, 1967 as part of the New Tomorrowland at Disneyland.

PeopleMover at Disneyland

Disneyland souvenir map © 1968 Walt Disney Productions

Excerpt from 1968 Disneyland souvenir map showing PeopleMover route.

It was a bit surprising that a major tire company would sponsor an attraction that encouraged public transportation. On June 29, 1967—just a few days before the PeopleMover opened—Bob Thomas, Auto Editor of the Los Angeles Times, wrote about the seeming conflict:

Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. demonstrated Wednesday that it may be working at cross-purposes with itself—that is, infringing on the market for its primary product, the automobile tire—with a new transportation concept.

And it happened in the fantasy atmosphere of Disneyland.

Nevertheless, the nation’s No. 1 tire producer Wednesday previewed a new and very tangible automated transportation system, the PeopleMover that offers potential for relieving traffic congestion in major cities... at the expense of the automobile.

At least that was the opinion expressed by Russell DeYoung, chairman and chief executive officer of the company, who also admitted a possible conflict of marketing interests.

“It presumes some curtailment of the use of automobiles--and autos use tires!” he said about the PeopleMover. “You may ask, isn’t your business really tires? The answer is simply that Goodyear is basically in the transportation business.”

Tires represent, he further explained, 55% of the company’s total business.

Although many guests called it the Goodyear PeopleMover until the very end, Goodyear’s sponsorship only lasted until December 31, 1981—roughly half of the attraction’s 28-year life. In 1982, the PeopleMover, Presented by Goodyear became simply the PeopleMover. No other sponsor replaced Goodyear.

When the Carousel of Progress show closed in 1973, guests on the PeopleMover could still see “Progress City” on the upper floor of the building—even after America Sings opened below it.

PeopleMover at Disneyland

Photo by Chris Bales, 1995

“World of Tron”

The PeopleMover closed for a lengthy upgrade on January 5, 1976. When it reopened on May 27, 1977, the ride went into the brand new thrill ride, Space Mountain. And on the upper level of the Carousel Theater, “Progress City” was gone. Instead of hugging the inside edge of the building, the track took a new route through the Superspeed Tunnel—wrap-around movie screens on which high-speed footage of race cars gave the illusion of speed.

The World of TRON, replaced the Superspeed Tunnel film on July 2, 1982. This time the illusion of speed came from a projected light cycle race.

The PeopleMover closed permanently on August 21, 1995.

In March 1996, Disneyland announced that the slow PeopleMover would be replaced by a new, fast attraction, Rocket Rods, as part of a complete renovation of Tomorrowland. (The Rocket Rods attraction didn’t last long.)

PeopleMover (Tomorrowland Transt Authority) at Walt Disney World

Photo by Werner Weiss, 2007

Tomorrowland Transit Authority PeopleMover at Magic Kingdom Park

If you still want to take a ride on the PeopleMover, you might consider a trip to Walt Disney World. Although the vehicles and the means of propulsion are different, the California and Florida attractions shared the same name and provided a similar experience. In 1994, the PeopleMover in Florida was renamed to Tomorrowland Transit Authority. In August 2010, new signage included the Tomorrowland Transit Authority and PeopleMover, with PeopleMover as the primary name.

Instead of using Goodyear tires embedded in the track to propel the trains, the Florida ride uses linear induction. The cars don’t have roofs. Instead, the entire track is roofed over. The track in Florida is entirely flat—not unlike the state itself.

PeopleMover at Disneyland

Photo by Werner Weiss, 2009

PeopleMover / Rocket Rods track in 2009

PeopleMover at Disneyland

Photo by Werner Weiss, 2015

PeopleMover / Rocket Rods track in 2015

Will it ever be possible to ride the PeopleMover again at Disneyland? The track is still there. And Disneyland could use another high-capacity attraction, especially one that can be enjoyed over and over. Maybe the fact that the track was never removed means the door is open to a return of the PeopleMover some day.

Okay, it’s unlikely—but at least it’s more likely than the return of the Rocket Rods.

Click here to post comments at MiceChat about this article.

© 2010-2021 Werner Weiss — Disclaimers, Copyright, and Trademarks

Updated January 1, 2021

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Leading solution for urban and airport transit

Bombardier Transportation delivered a turnkey INNOVIA APM 300 automated people mover system at Dubai International Airport, one of the world’s busiest airports. The system started its operation in February 2016.

As part of Dubai Airport’s expansion program, the new APM system connects the existing Terminal 1 to the new Concourse 4. The driverless INNOVIA APM 300 system uses Bombardier’s CITYFLO 650 communications-based automatic train control technology and offers short headways, high reliability and efficient operation. The fleet of 18 driverless INNOVIA APM 300 vehicles operate as five-car trains over a 1.5 km elevated system, and are designed to carry 200,00 passengers daily. 

Bombardier's scope included the design, supply and installation of eletrical and mechanical equipment, including project management, systems engineering and integration, testing and commissioning. 

  • Entered into passenger service in 2016
  • 18 vehicles over a 1.5 km line
  • Designed to carry 200,000 passengers daily
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Mover people

People mover

Fully automated transit systems, generally serving relatively small areas

This article is about automated guideway transit systems. For the private automobile, see People carrier. For other uses, see People mover (disambiguation).

A people mover or automated people mover (APM) is a type of small scale automated guideway transit system. The term is generally used only to describe systems serving relatively small areas such as airports, downtown districts or theme parks.

The term was originally applied to three different systems, developed roughly at the same time. One was Skybus, an automated mass transit system prototyped by the Westinghouse Electric Corporation beginning in 1964.[1][2][3] The second, alternately called the People Mover and Minirail, opened in Montreal at Expo 67. Finally the last, called PeopleMover or WEDway PeopleMover, was an attraction that was originally presented by Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company and that opened at Disneyland in 1967.[4] Now, however, the term "people mover" is generic, and may use technologies such as monorail, rail tracks, automated guideway transit or maglev. Propulsion may involve conventional on-board electric motors, linear motors or cable traction.

Generally speaking, larger APMs are referred to by other names. The most generic is "automated guideway transit", which encompasses any automated system regardless of size. Some complex APMs deploy fleets of small vehicles over a track network with off-line stations, and supply near non-stop service to passengers. These taxi-like systems are more usually referred to as personal rapid transit (PRT). Larger systems, with vehicles with 20 to 40 passengers, are sometimes referred to as "group rapid transit" (GRT), although this term is not particularly common. Other complex APMs have similar characteristics to mass transit systems, and there is no clear cut distinction between a complex APM of this type and an automated mass transit system. Another term "light metro" is also applied to describe the system worldwide.[5][6][7]


Never-Stop Railway[edit]

One of the first automated systems for human transportation was the screw-driven 'Never-Stop-Railway',[8][9] constructed for the British Empire Exhibition at Wembley, London in 1924. This railway consisted of 88 unmanned carriages, on a continuous double track along the northern and eastern sides of the exhibition, with reversing loops at either end.

The carriages ran on two parallel concrete beams and were guided by pulleys running on the inner side of these concrete beams,[10][11] and were propelled by gripping a revolving screw thread running between the tracks in a pit; by adjusting the pitch of this thread at different points, the carriages could be sped up, or slowed down to a walking pace at stations, to allow passengers to join and leave. The railway ran reliably for the two years of the exhibition, and was then dismantled.[12]

Small sections of this track bed, and a nearby heavy rail track bed, have been proposed for reuse.[13]

Goodyear and Stephens-Adamson[edit]

In late 1949, Mike Kendall, chief engineer and Chairman of the Board of Stephens-Adamson Manufacturing Company, an Illinois-based manufacturer of conveyor belts and systems,[14] asked Al Neilson, an engineer in the Industrial Products Division of Goodyear Tire and Rubber Co., if Goodyear had ever considered working on People Movers. He felt that with Goodyear's ability to move materials in large quantities on conveyor belts they should consider moving batches of people.

Four years of engineering design, development and testing led to a joint patent being issued for three types of people movers, named Speedwalk, Speedramp, and Carveyor. Goodyear would sell the concept and Stephens-Adamson would manufacture and install the components.

A Speedwalk consisted of a flat conveyor belt riding on a series of rollers, or a flat slippery surface, moving at 1.5 mph (2.4 km/h) (approximately half the speed of walking). The passengers would walk onto the belt and could stand or walk to the exit point. They were supported by a moving handrail. Customers were expected to include airport terminals, ballparks, train stations, etc. Today, several manufacturers produce similar units called moving walkways.

A Speedramp was very similar to a Speedwalk but it was used to change elevations; up or down a floor level. This could have been accomplished by an escalator, but the Speedramp would allow wheeled luggage, small handcarts etc. to ride the belt at an operating cost predicted to be much lower than escalators or elevators. The first successful installation of a Speedramp was in the spring of 1954 at the Hudson and Manhattan Railroad Station in Jersey City, New Jersey to connect the Erie Railroad to the Hudson and Manhattan Tubes. This unit was 227 feet (69 m) long with a rise of 22 feet (6.7 m) on a 15 degree grade, and only cost $75,000.

A Carveyor consisted of many small cubicles or cars carrying ten people riding on a flat conveyor belt from point A to point B. The belt rode on a series of motorized rollers. The purpose of the motorized rollers was to facilitate the gradual acceleration and deceleration speeds on the conveyor belt and overcome the tendency of all belts to stretch at start up and during shutdown. At point "A" passengers would enter a Speedwalk running parallel to the belts and cars of the Carveyor. The cars would be moving at the same speed as the Speedwalk; the passengers would enter the cars and be seated, while the motorized rollers would increase the speed of the cars up to the traveling speed (which would be preset depending on the distance to be covered). At point B Passengers could disembark and by means of a series of flat slower belts (Speedwalks) go to other Carveyors to other destinations or out to the street. The cars at point B would continue on rollers around a semicircle and then reverse the process carrying passengers back to point A. The initial installation was to be the 42nd Street Shuttle in New York City between Times Square and Grand Central station.

The first mention of the Carveyor in a hardback book was in There's Adventure in Civil Engineering by Neil P. Ruzic (1958), one of a series of books published by Popular Mechanics in the 1950s in their "Career" series.[15] In the book the Carveyor was already installed and operational in downtown Los Angeles.

Colonel Sydney H. Bingham, Chairman of the New York City Board of Transportation, had several meetings with a group of architects who were trying to revamp the whole New York City Subway system in the heart of town to connect Pennsylvania Station, Madison Square Garden, Times Square, Grand Central and several new office complexes together. Several of these architects were involved in other programs, and in later years many variations of the Carveyor people movers were developed.

In November 1954 the New York City Transit Authority issued an order to Goodyear and Stephens-Adamson to build a complete Carveyor system between Times Square and Grand Central. A brief summary and confirmation can be found in Time magazine on November 15, 1954. under the heading "Subway of the Future".[16] The cost was to be under $4 million, but the order was never fulfilled due to political difficulties.

Chocolate World in Hershey, Pennsylvania, Disneyland in California, and Walt Disney World in Florida are among many locations that have used variations of the Carveyor concept.

Other developments[edit]

The term 'people mover' was used by Walt Disney, when he and his Imagineers were working on the new 1967 Tomorrowland at Disneyland. The name was used as a working title for a new attraction, the PeopleMover. According to Imagineer Bob Gurr, "the name got stuck," and it was no longer a working title.[17]

Starting in the late 1960s and into the 1970s, people movers were the topic of intense development around the world. Worried about the growing congestion and pollution in downtown areas due to the spread of cars, many countries started studying mass transit systems that would lower capital costs to the point where any city could afford to deploy them. Most of these systems used elevated guideways, which were much less expensive to deploy than tunnels. However, elevating the track causes problems with noise, so traditional steel-wheel-on-rail solutions were rare as they squealed when rounding bends in the rails. Rubber tired solutions were common, but some systems used hovercraft techniques or various magnetic levitation systems.

Two major government funded APM projects are notable. In Germany, Mannesmann Demag and Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blohm developed a system known as Cabinentaxi during the 1970s. Cabinentaxi featured small cars with from four to eight seats that were called to pick up passengers on-demand and drove directly to their destination. The stations were "offline", allowing the cabs to stop by moving off the main lines while other cars continued to their destinations. The system was designed so the cars could be adapted to run on top or bottom of the track (but not easily converted from one to the other), allowing dual-track movements from a single elevated guideway only slightly wider than the cars. A test track was completed in 1975 and ran until development was completed in 1979, but no deployments followed and the companies abandoned the system shortly thereafter.

In the U.S., a 1966 federal bill provided funding that led to the development of APM systems under the Downtown People Mover Program. Four systems were developed, Rohr's ROMAG, LTV's AirTrans, Ford's APT and Otis Elevator's hovercraft design. A major presentation of the systems was organized as TRANSPO'72 at Dulles Airport where the various systems were presented to delegations from numerous cities in the US. Prototype systems and test tracks were built during the 1970s. One notable example was Pittsburgh's Skybus, which was proposed by the Port Authority of Allegheny County to replace its streetcar system, which, having large stretches of private right of way, was not suited for bus conversion. A short demonstration line was set up in South Park and large tracts of land were secured for its facilities. However, opposition arose to the notion that it would replace the streetcar system. This, combined with the immaturity of the technology and other factors, led the Port Authority to abandon the project and pursue alternatives. By the start of the 1980s most politicians had lost interest in the concept and the project was repeatedly de-funded in the early 1980s. Only two APMs were developed as a part of the People Mover Program in the US, the Metromover in Miami, and the Detroit People Mover. The Jacksonville Skyway was built in the late 1980s.

From development to implementation[edit]

Although many systems were generally considered failures, several APM systems developed by other groups have been much more successful. Lighter systems with shorter tracks are widely deployed at airports; the world's first airport people movers, the Tampa International Airport People Movers, were installed in 1971 at Tampa International Airport in the United States. APMs have now become common at large airports and hospitals in the United States.

Driver-less metros have become common in Europe and parts of Asia. The economics of automated trains tend to reduce the scale so tied to "mass" transit (the largest operating expense is the driver's salary, which is only affordable if very large numbers of passengers are paying fares), so that small-scale installations are feasible[citation needed]. Thus cities normally thought of as too small to build a metro (e.g. Rennes, Lausanne, Brescia, etc.) are now doing so.

On September 30, 2006, the Peachliner in Komaki, Aichi Prefecture, Japan became that nation's first people mover to cease operations.


Heavy APMs[edit]

Light APMs[edit]



Main article: List of airport people mover systems

Many large international airports around the world feature people mover systems to transport passengers between terminals or within a terminal itself. Some people mover systems at airports connect with other public transportation systems to allow passengers to travel into the airport's city.

Urban transit[edit]










The Philippines[edit]



Sengkang LRT line, A Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Crystal Mover on the East Loop, Singapore

South Korea[edit]


United Kingdom[edit]

United Arab Emirites[edit]

United States[edit]


Amusement parks/exhibition areas/shopping/commercial centers/zoos[edit]



Hong Kong[edit]



  • Slope car, a small automated monorail found in various parts of Japan, can be considered as a simple form of people mover.

South Korea[edit]

  • SkyCube in Suncheon, a PRT connects the site of 2013 Suncheon Garden Expo Korea to a station in the wetlands "Buffer Area" next to the Suncheon Literature Museum

United States[edit]

  • Aiea, Hawaii - A monorail at the Pearlridge Center connects the Uptown part of the mall to the Downtown part of the mall.
  • Anaheim, California - Disneyland Monorail System.
  • Bay Lake, Florida: Walt Disney World Monorail System.
  • Fairfield, Ohio - Jungle Jim's International Market monorail in Fairfield, Ohio brings riders from a remote parking lot to the Oscar Events Center; cars were originally used at nearby Kings Island.[18]
  • Huntsville, Alabama: Huntsville HospitalPeople Mover Connects different buildings of the Huntsville Hospital System.
  • Indianapolis, Indiana: Indiana University Health People Mover (service suspended indefinitely in February 2019)
  • Las Vegas, Nevada: In addition to the Las Vegas Monorail, several people mover systems are in place in the Las Vegas Valley, Nevada. Three connect the McCarran International Airport terminals 1 and 3 to its C-, D-, and E-gates. Another connects The Mirage to Treasure Island Hotel and Casino. Two people movers connects hotels on the Las Vegas Strip. The Mandalay Bay Tram connects Excalibur, Luxor, and Mandalay Bay. The City Center Tram connects Park MGM, The Crystals in City Center, and the Bellagio.
  • Memphis, Tennessee - A short suspended monorail connects Mud Island in the Mississippi River to Memphis
  • Orlando, Florida: The Hogwarts Express attraction, a funicular railroad within Universal Orlando Resort that connects the two The Wizarding World of Harry Potter sections, Hogsmeade at Islands of Adventure and Diagon Alley at Universal Studios Florida
  • Reno, Nevada: Circus Circus Reno sky shuttle operates between hotel towers in Reno, Nevada.[19]
  • Washington, D.C.: United States Capitol Subway System Dirksen/Hart Line
  • Bukit Panjang LRT Line, Singapore

  • An underground people mover, called The Plane Train, station at Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport, Atlanta, United States

  • Air Rail Link at Pearson International Airport in previous livery, Toronto, Canada

See also[edit]


  1. ^"Skybus in Pittsburgh". Archived from the original on 2010-02-10. Retrieved 2010-04-17.
  2. ^Massey, Steve. "Who killed Westinghouse?". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Archived from the original on 2007-11-17. Retrieved 2007-11-12.
  3. ^"Westinghouse Company Timeline (1940–1979)". Westinghouse Electric Company, LLC. Archived from the original on 2007-08-19. Retrieved 2007-11-12.
  4. ^Weiss, Werner. "PeopleMover at Disneyland". Archived from the original on 2007-11-07. Retrieved 2007-11-12.
  5. ^Michael Taplin (March 2013). "A world of trams and urban transit - A complete listing of Light Rail, Light Railway, Tramway & Metro systems throughout the World". Light Rail Transit Association (LRTA). Archived from the original on 2007-10-08. Retrieved 2014-11-28.
  6. ^"Korean city opens automatic light metro". Rail Archived from the original on 2014-11-06. Retrieved 2014-11-24.
  7. ^"BJP promises light metro in Bhopal and Indore". Archived from the original on 2014-12-05. Retrieved 2014-11-28.
  8. ^British Film InstituteArchived 2013-09-02 at the Wayback Machine Never-Stop Railway
  9. ^British Pathe (agency)Archived 2011-06-11 at the Wayback Machine Never-Stop Railway film (probably 1925)
  10. ^British Pathe (agency)Archived 2011-06-11 at the Wayback Machine Never-Stop Railway film (probably 1925), see at 01:24 for analyzing the guiding system
  11. ^Hulton Archive:modified tractor running on the 'Never Stop Railway'Archived 2013-07-23 at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^"Exhibiting the Empire". The Tribune. Chandigarh. Archived from the original on 2007-03-12. Retrieved 2006-11-06.
  13. ^The TimesArchived 2009-09-25 at the Wayback Machine Comment on light-rail proposal
  14. ^"About S-A". Stephens-Adamson. Archived from the original on 2013-03-18. Retrieved 2014-01-05.
  15. ^Ruzic, Neil (1958). There's Adventure in Civil Engineering. Popular Mechanics Press. ASIN B0007E9RTY.
  16. ^Subway of the Future. Time. November 15, 1954.
  17. ^Gurr, Robert (2005). Ford's Magic Skyway and the PeopleMover (Documentary). United States: Extinct Attractions Club.
  18. ^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-11-18. Retrieved 2008-07-19.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  19. ^Potter, John (12 July 2012). "A New Look at a Reno Classic: Downtown's Sky Shuttle". KTVN-TV. Archived from the original on 30 March 2017. Retrieved 29 March 2017.

External links[edit]

Media related to People movers at Wikimedia Commons

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